political science test 3

political science test 3

internet polls are
unreliable
major political and social events are and important part of socialization; therefore, all of the following statement are true except:
socialization does not exist since people learn politics from direct experience
the accuracy of election polls are
quite good
americans behave as ideal citizens as ________, although as _________ they do not
a group: individuals
when politicians try to determine public opinion by listening to their supporters and friendly interest groups, they are likely to face the problem of
sample bias
the process by which citizens take their political cues from more well-informed opinion leaders is known as
the two-step flow of information
with respect to constructing survey questions, all of the following statements are true except
surveys tend to underestimate the racial tolerance of the american people
which of the following statements concerning exit polls is not true
they are a form of pseudo poll
if you are to be a critical watcher of polls, among the issues of concern are all of the following except
whether the poll agrees with your opinion
a citizen’s ability to hold democratic beliefs, including the acceptance that politics is about compromise, is called
democratic enlightenment
when the Chicago Tribune mistakenly declared the Dewey had defeated Truman in the 1948 presidential election, the paper had made the mistake of
not realizing that some people decide who to vote for right up to the day of an election
all of the following have great impact on public policy except
the young
regarding tolerance, americans are generally
supportive of general issues such as free speech but less supportive when asked to extend rights to unpopular groups
the textbook does not argue the following
self-interest is a source of agreement in public opinion
one advantage of direct contact between elected officials and the public versus the use of public opinion polls is that direct contact
makes it less likely that that certain public concerns will be overlooked
which of the following statements concerning the relationship between age and opinions is not true
people tend to become more conservative as they age
the gender gap is especially large on issues of
violence
compared to other industrialized nations, the united states ranks ______ in voter participation
near the bottom
which of the following statements concerning the roles of ideology and partisanship in shaping public opinion is not true
most americans are too moderate and nonpartisan for these concepts to have much influence on them
which of the following statements concerning sampling bias is not true
pollsters are often unaware of the problem of sampling bias
the sharp decline in trust in the government among the public in the 1960s and 1970s is used by the authors to show the effect of public socialization of
political and social events
the relationship between sample size and sampling error is
the larger the sample, the smaller the sampling error will be
the danger of majority tyranny in democracy would most likely result from
majority rule without the tempering influence of debate and discussion
unscientific polls are often conducted by newspapers and politicians to determine who is ahead in the political race are called _______ polls
straw
education is a source of all of the following except
apathy
which of the following statements concerning the relationship between gender and public opinion is not true
women have become more liberal in the last 30 years
tracking polls are significant because they
are able to catch daily changes in public opinion that other horse-race polls cannot
according to the text, the current process of political socialization in the US
trains us to support and obey the existing political system
rational ignorance refers to
the state of being uninformed about politics because the cost in time and energy does not produce tangible or measurable results
sampling error refers to
a number that indicates within what range the results of the poll are accurate
which of the following is not true regarding religion
catholics are strongly republican
if you are conducting a horse-race poll, you want your sample to comprise
likely voters
according to studies, americans tend to be
not very knowledgeable about politics
benchmark polls and tracking polls are two types of
campaign polls
we can conclude from the history of polling that
polls are reliable only when they are timely and have been conducted using the proper procedures
good survey questions meet all of the following criteria except
they are always short
the role of public opinion in government today is strongly debated because
on the one hand we want our opinions to be heard, but on the other hand we don’t want politicians to blindly follow public opinion
public opinion not only should matter but also does matter in american politics because
politicians and the media act as if it matters
which of the following statements is not true
blacks are less likely than whites to favor bible prayer in public schools
today, the most likely cause of sampling bias in polls is
when a person is picked for the sample and he or she cannot be contacted or refuses to participate
the portion of the population selected to participate in a poll is known as the
sample
one concern about the wording of questions in polls is that the person being sampled will be unfamiliar with a subject and thereby
give responses solely based on cues picked up from the context of the interview or the question
the collective decisions of citizens reflect a greater level of knowledge than public opinion polls reflect because all of the following except
the desire to hide our real views from pollsters
a plebiscite is
a popular vote on national policy issues
which of the flowing statements concerning technology and polling is not true
autodailing is one method of overcoming the problems caused by citizen reliance on cell phones
benchmark polls
are instrumental in designing campaign strategy
the rank-and-file members who carry out the party’s electioneering efforts are the
party activists
realignment refers to
substantial and long-term shift in party allegiance by individuals and groups, usually resulting in a change in policy direction.
according to the textbook, the relationship between citizens and parties today is best reflected by
citizen’s growing dissatisfaction with parties because moderates find themselves poorly represented and frustrated at the emergence of hyperpartisanship.
the statement that third-parties are irrelevant in modern-day politics is
less accurate than in the past due to the Tea Party victories of the 2012 midterm elections.
All of the following statements concerning parties in American democracy are true EXCEPT:
They have become an impediment to the operation of modern democracy.
Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding party machines?
Party machines were strongest in rural areas.
The two functions of parties are
electioneering and governing.
Which of the following is NOT true regarding issue positions of the major parties?
Democrats are more likely than Republicans to believe that government should let each person get ahead on his or her own rather than guaranteeing jobs and standards of living.
Party officials complain about the open primary because
members of the other party can contaminate their nomination process.
The system in which successful party candidates reward supporters with jobs or favors is called
patronage
All of the following statements concerning party identification in the electorate are true EXCEPT:
Most people who are registered members of a party work actively for their party organization.
The party activity of governing involves _______ and _______.
controlling government; enacting the party’s policy agenda
The argument for the responsible party model is that democracy is strengthened when
voters are given clear alternatives and hold parties responsible for their promises.
The emergence of hyper partisanship has brought the American party system _______ the standards for a responsible party system.
farther away from
Which of the following questions is NOT one that needs to be asked by a critical reader of party platforms?
Do public opinions polls show this party’s platform was the one supported by the voters at the time it was written?
Realignments are significant because they
usually result in a change in policy direction.
The party _______ are the members of a political party who consistently vote for that party’s candidates.
base
Parties take part in selecting candidates to run for office by engaging in all of the following EXCEPT
providing the bulk of the money candidates use to run for office.
Of the following choices, party discipline applies only to the
party-in-government.
American political parties are decentralized for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
Americans resist efforts of the parties to become more centralized.
Primary voters, party activists, and big-money donors
tend to be more ideological and issue oriented than the voters in the general election.
Political gridlock occurs when
a stalemate that results when rival parties stubbornly refuse to budge from their positions to achieve a compromise in the public interest.
The party organization is essential because it
helps party candidates win elections.
The third party mentioned in the text that had a significant impact on the 2010 midterm elections is the
tea party
Why would the two American parties feel the need to take more extreme issue positions?
to satisfy the party activists