POLS 2311 Exam 3 Ch 11 Notes

making treaties
Which one of the powers listed below is a constitutional power that the president shares with the Senate?
White House staff
Which institutional resource is closest to the president?
Supreme Court
In which institutional resource are leaders both appointed by the president and approved by the Senate?
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vice president
The position of __________ is a well-recognized stepping-stone to the presidency.
They can be reversed by future presidents.
Why are executive orders less enduring than formal laws?
vice president
Who has the role of breaking a tie in the Senate?
morale builder
FDR’s “fireside” chats are an example of what presidential role?
requires that presidents serve no more than two terms
What does the Twenty Second Amendment do?
executive memoranda
Based on the constitution’s Take Care Clause, ______ direct specific actions by government as a whole or individual departments or agencies, but do not have the force of law.
George Washington
Which president was the first to veto something?
Congress can remove a president through ______.
George Washington
Who did the Framers expect to be the first president of the US?
House can impeach by simple majority, and the senate can impeach by 2/3 majority.
What has to happen in Congress before the President can be impeached?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Which president served four consecutive terms, prompting 22nd amendment?
vice president
Throughout most of its history, the office of ____ was considered insignificant.
The president and vice president could be elected from different parties.
What problem did the 1796 presidential election reveal?
Which approach did both FDR and LBJ use for managing the White House Staff?
election through the electoral college
According to the Constitution, how is the president selected?
George W. Bush’s popularity was boosted following 9/11
Which of the following is an example of a rally point?
executive agreements
The use of ______ in foreign matters is an example of the president acting as diplomat in chief.
to supervise the growing federal government
The Executive office of the President was created in 1939 to serve which purpose?
Presidents often use the _________ clause to argue that they control everything that happens in the executive branch after a bill becomes a law.
The United States has increased prominence on the world stage.
Which is one of the reasons that power and responsibility of the presidency has grown?
inherent powers
In making the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, Thomas Jefferson drew on the claim of ________.
The president’s role as ______ has weakened in recent years.
Office of Management and Budget
The __________ counsels the president on how much money should be distributed to each government agency and reports on each agency’s effectiveness.
Obama’s cabinet is the first one to consist of a majority of women and minorities.
What is true about Obama’s cabinet?
separation of powers
What did the Framers do to avoid tyranny or monarchy in the executive branch?
Which presidential power gives the president the ability to control what happens inside departments and agencies during their terms and to shape the federal judiciary (including the Supreme Court) far into the future?
by counting the times the president wins key votes in Congress
How is the presidential support score calculated?
public approval
Presidents with high levels of ______ have an easier time influencing Congress.
the cabinet
Appointing which group is the first major job for the president-elect?
What approach did John F. Kennedy, Jimmy Carter, and Bill Clinton use in managing the White House Staff?
the National Economic Council
Which of the following is a policy office within the White House?
take care
The notion of inherent powers is derived from the __________ clause.
He escalated US involvement in Vietnam.
Why does Lyndon Johnson’s presidential ranking tend to be lower than the rankings of Abraham Lincoln, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin Delano Roosevelt?
Modern presidents are much more influential in the legislative process
In which way do modern presidents differ from the original intentions of the Framers of the constitution?
Using press conferences to build public support is a primary example of the president’s role as _________.
In the legislative process, the mere threat of a _______ can strengthen a president’s hand.
as an adviser in the policy-making process
In which capacity is a modern vice president particularly influential in American politics>
The conflict is integral to the design of the Constitution, deliberately intended by its authors.
Which of the following statements best characterizes the nature of the conflict between presidents and Congress?
They are generally antagonistic.
Which of the following statements best describes contemporary relationships between presidents and Congress?
The vice president has been more involved in the policy-making process
How has the office of vice president changed over the years?
the ability to persuade members of Congress and the American public
Despite their formal powers, presidents need to exercise which of the following leadership abilities to be successful?
Crises tend to temporarily increase presidential approval ratings, providing windows of opportunity to press for action on their agendas.
How might domestic or international crises affect presidential politics?
the war power
You are an adviser to the president, who recently revealed to you and other members of the White House staff that he is considering compiling “kill lists” of suspected terrorists. The president is concerned, however, that this action might be overstepping the bounds of presidential power. What constitutional provision could you advise the president to draw upon in justifying this action?
the fact that Americans have a persistent sense that politicians can do nothing right, which constrains the ability of presidents to lead
Which factor helps explain the growing resistance that presidents of recent years have faced in all their respective roles?
His retirement after two terms.
What was George Washington’s most important precedent?
to create a leader with enough authority to protect the nation from domestic and foreign threats but not so strong that he or she would jeopardize liberty
In crafting the executive branch, what was the motive behind the decisions of the Constitution’s Framers?
the decline in the number of bills passed by Congress
One factor that has affected presidents’ use of signing statements in recent decades is ________.
It is neither a parliamentary democracy, nor an executive-dominated government.
How does the United States differ from most other world powers?
the economic and social turmoil of the Great Depression
What was the turning point that gave rise to the modern institutional presidency?
His early actions served to establish important precedents that greatly increased the political legitimacy of the office.
What was particularly significant about George Washington’s presidency?
Modern presidents are much more active in the formulation of policy
What distinguishes modern presidents from early presidents?
The White House staff has greater access to and more influence on the president than does the cabinet.
How does the White House Staff differ from the president’s cabinet?
The White House Staff is composed of individuals personally and politically close to the president chosen specifically to serve the president’s needs.
Which of the following statements best characterizes the members of the White House staff?
the role of the vice president should the president die or become incapacitated
The 25th amendment was adopted to clear up ambiguities over the constitutional provisions surrounding ________.
Begin working to persuade Congress right after taking office.
You are an adviser to a president who was just elected to her first term in office. She has asked your advice about when to introduce major legislative proposals. Based on what you know about historical patterns of public approval for presidents, what would you suggest?
to reinvigorate the role of Congress in the conduct of war
Why was the War Powers Resolution (1973) adopted by Congress?
It gives the president the power to wage short-term wars without congressional approval.
What is a possible problem of the War Powers Resolution (1973) as written?
The _______ is in charge of the day-to-day operations of the federal departments and agencies.

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