Practice Test for Music Appreciation Final

Music may have been a fundamental building block in the development of culture because
it provided an early model for social cooperation.
Music’s regenerative powers can be seen in the myth of
Orpheus and Euridice
The story of Tawa and the Spider Woman comes from
the Hopi of the Southwestern United States
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The 19th-century British anthropologist who defined culture as a “complex whole” is
Edward Tylor
A feature that unifies Baroque music is the use of basso continuo , which is
continuous bass line.
Which of the following is NOT true?
Culture is fixed and impermeable.
Music is often categorized into three broad categories. They are
world music, popular music, and Western art music
Music scholars divide Western art music into _________ historical periods.
six
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart lived during the
Classical Period
Which of the following is NOT true?
Going to a symphony orchestra often damages hearing.
Dynamics refers to the softness or loudness of sound.
True
The texture that is two or more completely different melodies sounding at the same time is called
Polyphonic
A pattern of pitches that is repeated at different pitch levels-either ascending or descending-is referred to as a sequence.
True
The system in which songs are written down is referred to as music literacy.
False
Rhythm was first part of rhythm to be notated on paper.
False
The organization of a piece of music is referred to as its
Form
Ternary form is represented in which letter combination?
ABA
The softest dynamic marking is mezzo-piano.
False
The loudest dynamic marking is
Fortissimo
All dynamics are written in what language?
Italian
The trumpet is a member of what instrument family?
Brass
The clarinet is part of what family?
Woodwinds
The violin is a part of what family of instruments?
Strings
The bass drum is a part of what instrument family?
Percussion
The apportioning of musical material among the instruments of the orchestra is referred to as?
Orchestration
The _________ is the foundation upon which notes are drawn.
Staff
Which note has the longest duration in music?
Whole note
This defines the amount of type of notes that each measure contains.
Time Signature
Which of the following lowers a note by one half step?
Flat
Periods of silence in measure are represented by
Rests
Béla Bartók collected and incorporated music from whi ch count ry into his music?
Hungary
A jali is a West African storyteller who uses a 21-string chordophone, called a _____, to accompany important cultural stories.
kora
An important African-American composer of symphonic music who incorporated elements of the blues into his first symphony was
William Grant Still
Béla Bartók’s Allegro Barbaro contains examples of
ostinato
Which of the following is NOT true of Klezmer music?
It is played in the temple on High Holy Days
This composer is thought of as a jazz musician, yet he wrote works for Broadway, theatrical dance, and the concert hall.
William Grant Still
The “blues” began
in the Mississippi delta
The most common blues form is the _______-bar blues.
12
Today, a center for West African popular music, including the blues, is
Mali
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
The habanera is a dance with Cuban, French, and African influences.
When a woman sings a male role in opera, it is called a
pants role
This opera features a 19th-century seductive woman who lived outside conventional gender roles of the time.
Carmen
A castrato is a
male who has been castrated before puberty in order to retain his soprano or alto voice range.
One of this singer’s greatest commercial hits represents the antithesis of “girl group” dependency
Aretha Franklin
Which of the following is NOT true?
Gender roles are dictated by our biology.
In the 1960’s girls were often portrayed as dependent upon and reverential to their boys.
True
In the Balinese culture, women have always been the preferred gender to play the gamelan.
False
Songs specifically associated with death are called laments.
True
Today, castrati roles are exclusively sung by women.
False
One of the ways gay musicians have expressed their sexual orientation is through a specific kind of humor known as “camp”.
True
The Gelug monks of Tibet often use the technique of ___________ singing, where the fundamental tone and overtones sound at the same time.
harmonic
This talking drum, which is used by the Yoruba to perform oríkì, is capable of imitating the Yoruba language.
dundun
The American folk tradition that uses songbooks with differently shaped note heads is called
sacred harp or shape note.
What is the name of the instrument (a ram’s horn) used in certain Jewish services?
shofar
The _____________ is to the early Lutheran church as plainchant is to the early Catholic church.
chorale
The text “Amazing Grace” was written
for use in a sermon and possibly for a hymn-text competition.
Which of the following was not a complaint of the Council of Trent?
The songs were no longer being sung in Latin.
Which religion has a ritual dance called the Sama which is meant to represent the soul’s passage to Allah?
The Mevlevi Sufi Order
Which composer was able to meet the demands of The Council of Trent and thereby save the use of polyphony inside Catholic church music?
Palestrina
The “Kol Nidre” is sung during the The Day of Atonement also known as
Yom Kippur
Which statement is TRUE about the “The Star Spangled Banner”?
It became the U.S. national anthem in 1931 and was originally a British tune.
Who wrote the melody of the “The Star Spangled Banner”?
John Stafford Smith
A __________ is a Mexican political ballad that tells stories of struggle and identity.
zapata
Beethoven’s Symphony No. 3, originally written in honor of Napoleon, is called the ___________ Symphony.
Eroica
Alexander Borodin was a member of “The Five,” a group of composers who can best be described as
Nationalist
Which of the following is the name of the French National Anthem?
“La Marseillaise”
The central theme of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is
universal brotherhood
What is NOT true about the “Ode to Joy”?
It is a folk tune
During the Cultural Revolution in China, music was used to
promote Communist ideals
“Dilmano Dilbero”
is a composed Bulgarian “folk” song
This song deals with the apathy of people in regards to helping one another.
Another Day in Paradise
This song was written in response to incident in Derry County, Ireland in which British troops killed unarmed civil protesters and bystanders.
Sunday, Bloody Sunday
This song was written in response to the Sept. 11 attacks.
Courtesy of the Red, White, and Blue
The lyrics to this song were taken from a speech by President Obama.
Yes, We Can
This song was written to help support the African Famine Relief and was recorded by over 40 different celebrities.
We are the World
This song was written as a critical response to Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America.”
This Land is Your Land
This video for this song shows the faces of people of different races and ethnicities morphing in to one another.
Black or White
This song deals with the struggles of being an African-American in a white dominant society. It was originally featured in a musical “Hot Chocolates.”
Black and Blue
This song was written from the perspective of a person who wanted to affect political change, but didn’t feel he could make a difference.
Waiting for the World to Change
This song was written as a response to backlash that the group received for making negative remarks about President Bush.
Not Ready to Make Nice
This song was once referred to as ‘the original angry American’ song.
Fightin’ Side of Me
This song deals partially with censorship and religion.
Jesus Walks
This song, which was originally a poem by Abel Meeropol, dealt with the racist practice of lynching African-Americans.
Strange Fruit
This song, which was often misunderstood to be patriotic, actually dealt with the negative aspects of the Vietnam War.
Born in the U.S.A.
This song was written from the perspective of a soldier that had been in every war since The War of 1812.
I Ain’t Marchin’ Anymore
This composer used unconventional techniques on stringed instruments in one of his works, written for string orchestra.
Krzystof Penderecki
Which of the following is NOT true about the Ghost Dance songs?
They are Native American rain dances.
Which of the following is TRUE about Messiaen’s Quartet for the End of Time?
It was written by a French prisoner of war in WW II; it uses mathematical cycles
“It Was a Summer’s Day” tells the story of massacre
at Wounded Knee
The ________ bards are Arab women who now sing for peace in Darfur.
hakamma
Barry McGuire and ____________ engaged in a kind of musical duel over the pros and cons of the Vietnam War.
The Spokesman
Which of the following statements is true about Janequin’s chanson “La Guerre”?
It incorporates military battle calls.
Which statement is NOT true about music in the Civil War?
All Quiet on the Potomac Tonight” was despised by the North.
The use of three different performing groups to represent (1) tradition, (2) soldiers, and (3) innocence and hope is true of
Benjamin Britten’s War Requiem
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Music and war have been linked since biblical times or earlier.
What was Irving Berlin’s first song?
My Sweet Marie from Sunny Italy
In Irving Berlin’s era, what was the name of the place (area) where you worked if you wanted to be a successful songwriter?
Tin Pan Alley
What style of music did Irving Berlin make safe?
Ragtime
Who wrote the music and lyrics for the Broadway musical, Showboat?
Kern and Hammerstein
What major political/social issue of the time did Showboat deal with?
Interracial Relationships
Who was the biggest star of the Prohibition Era?
Al Jolson
Which of Gershwin’s songs was picked up by Jolson and eventually became his most famous piece?
Swanee
Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess was an immediate financial success.
False
Why was Oklahoma so important to musical theater history?
It marked the beginning of the time when the story became the focal point.
Which Rodgers and Hammerstein musical earned them a Pulitzer Prize?
South Pacific
In West Side Story, the dance style was innovative in that it incorporated action in movement.
True
West Side Story is based on the Shakespeare play, Hamlet.
False
Bob Fosse began choreographing with hats due to the fact that he started losing his hair.
True
What was Fosse’s most enduring work on Broadway?
Chicago
How did Hal Prince and Stephen Sondheim change the Broadway musical?
They began dealing with darker subject matter.
Which Disney cartoon musical became the first to transfer to the Broadway stage?
Beauty and the Beast
Rent is a modernized retelling of what opera?
La Boheme
The musical, Wicked, is built on the story of another Broadway musical, The Wizard of Oz
True
Roughly 200 performances of Oklahoma occur in the US each year.
False
Showboat is the marriage of European operetta and American musical comedy tradition.
True
The first full length “talkie” was The Jazz Singer.
True
The composer of the musical score for Cabin in the Sky used his music to push against racial stereotypes of the time.
False
This device works by sensing electromagnetic waves in the body.
Theremin
Who was the Romantic Era composer who introduced the idea of the leitmotif?
Wagner
Which composer followed in the footsteps of Wagner when composing themes for Lord of the Rings?
Howard Shore
In a diegetic scene, the characters are aware of and can hear the music within the film score.
True
The world’s largest film industry resides in India.
True
George Lucas’ characters C3PO and R2D2 were inspired by characters from what film?
The Hidden Fortress
What was the first film to integrate music, dance, and plot?
The Broadway Melody
In early film, the music was often improvised on the organ or piano.
True
In which city did the tango originate?
Buenos Aires
Which of the following is NOT true about the Capoeira dance?
It started in Lima, Peru.
The Baamaya is associated with funerals and usually performed before dawn.
True
The Baamaya dance resembles what other American dance?
The Twist
In the Renaissance, dance was a required social skill for ladies and gentlemen.
True
The branle dance in the Renaissance was extremely complicated and often took dancers months to learn.
False
Which of the following was NOT one of the arts forms that ballet combined
Sculpture
Igor Stravinksy’s “Le Sacre Du Printemps” is a model example of the fluid and consonant music required for ballet performances.
False
The tango is choreographed seduction.
True
The Tango is a unique dance in that the woman leads.
False
Which of the following artist wrote a song that dealt with stringent gender restrictions that confine humans as they grow from childhood through adulthood?
Dar Williams
Ethnicity is largely based on shared identity and common ancestry.
True
Roles that are sung by countertenors today were originally sung by members of the
Castrati
This composer sought to compose his symphony free of Caucasian influence. He also hoped to use it to elevate the blues to the highest level.
William Grant Still
The word crescendo means
To grow increasingly louder
The blues was born in the Ohio River Valley.
False
In opera, a pants role or “breeches” role is only allowed to be performed by someone who demonstrates extreme masculinity.
False
Which of the following is NOT one of the four ways we experience music?
tactiley
Which composer was known for creating a “jungle” sound in his music?
Duke Ellington
Composer Jerry Bock drew much of his inspiration for the score of Fiddler on the Roof from traditional music of the jalou.
False
In order for something to be considered music, there must be human intent.
True
This term refers to the organization of a piece of music.
Form
Gender is sometimes performed through speech.
True
Which of the following is NOT one of the ways in which attentive/active listening is good for the brain.
It increases the production of brain cells.
One of the ways musical culture is expressed is through genres.
True
Arts and morals contribute to a community’s culture
True
Songs specifically associate with death are called
laments
Driving on the road with the car radio playing is a good example of active listening.
False
Since its inception, music has been notated.
False
There are two basic types of musical form: binary which is represented ABA and ternary which is represented AB.
False
Fortissimo means very loud
True
There are 4 instrument families.
False
Bela Bartok spent a large portion of his musical career collecting and recording the folk songs of the Hungarian people.
True
Bizet used the rhythms and chromatic (half step moves) melodies in the “Habanera” to represent Carmen’s seductive and sensual character
True
Notation is the apportioning of musical material among the instruments of the orchestra.
False
One of the ways in ethnicity is identified musically is through rhythm.
True
The blues is a very complicated form of music that can take years to master.
False
B.B. King’s “Sweet Little Angel” is an example of a 12-bar blues song.
True
The job of the jali is to preserve the history of the Mandinka people.
True
Most girl groups of the 1960’s were unique in that they shattered the period’s gender expectations.
False
The musical term for “soft” is
piano
Reclamation history refers to restoring women who made significant contributions to art, yet were ignored by historians to the historical narrative.
True
Aretha Franklin’s song “Respect” was a powerful message of female independence during a time when women were still largely deferential to men.
True
Polyphonic texture occurs when multiple melodies are sounding at the same time.
True
Maurice Ravel’s “Habanera” was a musical masterpiece of what movement?
Impressionism
Which of the following pieces has a “stop-time” section in which the rhythm instruments play accents
Perets-Tants by The Klezmatics
Music is often categorized into three broad categories. They are:
world music, popular music, and Western art music.
Periods of silence in a music are represented by
Rests
The trumpet is a member of what instrument family?
Brass
The _________ is the foundation upon which notes are drawn.
Staff
Which of the following statements is NOT true?
Gender roles are dictated by our biology
A castrato is
a male who has been castrated before puberty to retain his soprano or alto vocal range.
Decrescendo means to gradually get softer.
True
Which of the following was not a complaint of the Council of Trent?
The songs were being sung in languages other than Latin.
Which composer was able to meet the demands of the Council of Trent and preserve the use of polyphony in the church?
Palestrina
In spiritual music, the primary focus is the text.
False
Tibetan Buddhists use chant as a meditation which acts as a vehicle to spirituality.
True
Drummed music is central to the worship music of the Yoruba of Nigeria.
True
In the Mevlevi Sufi Order, the Sama ceremony is representative of what?
The soul’s passage to Allah
The Yom Kippur service ends with the blowing of the shofar (ram’s horn).
True
John Newton composed the song, “Amazing Grace”.
False
Referencing musical terminology used in the Music and Spirituality chapter, what is a passion?
An oratorio that tells a historical narrative of Christ’s suffering.
In Sufism, they use drums to “speak” by imitating the inflections of their language.
False
The “Kol Nidre” is Jewish song of repentance.
True
The words to the American National Anthem were penned during the Revolutionary War.
False
During which battle were the words to the Star Spangled Banner penned?
The Battle of Ft. McHenry
The French National anthem is played in an important scene in what movie?
Casablanca
During the Chinese cultural revolution, characters in opera were revised from the original jingju to help promote communist ideals.
True
This song was written from the perspective of a soldier who had served in all of the American wars.
I Ain’t Marchin’ Anymore
This song, which was originally a poem by Abel Meeropol, dealt with the racist practice of lynching African-Americans.
Strange Fruit
This song was written as a critical response to Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America”.
This Land is Your Land
This song was written to help support the African Famine Relief and was recorded by over 40 different celebrities.
We Are the World
The _____________ is to the early Lutheran church as plainchant is to the early Catholic church
chorale
Beethoven’s Symphony No. 3, originally written in honor of Napoleon, is called the ___________ Symphony.
Eroica
Which of the following is NOT true about the Ghost Dance songs?
They are Native American rain dances.
The ________ bards are Arab women who now sing for peace in Darfur.
hakamma
One of the earliest records of music in war was the use of the shofarat in the Battle of Gideon.
False
Country music typically endorsed pro-military sentiments.
True
The tradition of Ghost Dancing began at the Battle of Wounded Knee.
False
Which of the following was NOT one of the ways that music was used as resistance during the Holocaust?
Songs used as secret messages
The song “A Survivor from Warsaw” was based partly on the report by one of the few survivors of the Warsaw ghetto.
True

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