Present Simple

Present Simple

PRESENT SIMPLE 1-When do we use it? -When we are talking about a habit; -When we are talking about a schedule; -When we are stating a fact; -When we say something that is generally true; -When we give instructions or directions. 2-TIME EXPRESSIONS for things that happen regularly are: -Every…. -Once a…. -Twice a…. -On Tuesdays….. -In winters…. OR -Always, Frequently, Often, Usually, Regularly, Generally, Sometimes, Seldom, Rarely, Never. * Time Expressions that are one word, we put before the main verb. . g. I always do my homework. e. g. We don’t usually spend so much money. * If the main verb is BE (am, is, are), we put the Time Expression after it. e. g. I am never late. * When we have a sentence that is a general fact, we don’t use any time expression and we have to know that it refers to PRESENT SIMPLE. e. g. The sun shines in the east. My father works in a factory. We live in Boston. How To Use The Present Simple? i) Affirmative form: -Subject + Verb + Object e. g: I play football every day. **3rd person of singular: -Most of the verbs take the letter “s” to from 3rd person of singular, e. g. : Live-lives Work-works but …the verbs ending in “sh, ch, o, x, ss”, we ad “es” e. g. : wash-washed, teach-teaches, go-goes fix-fixes kiss-kisses and…the verbs ending in consonant + letter “Y”, we cut “y” and add “ies”. e. g. : fly-flies cry-cries study-studies but…the verbs ending in vowel + letter “Y”, we add “s”. e. g. : play-plays say-says Stay-stays ii) Negative form: To do the negative form in present simple tense, we must use the auxiliary “to do”. -Subject + verb to do (conjugated) + not + main verb (infinitive) + the object. e. g. : I do not play tennis every day. She does not work in my company. [do not= don’t …. does not= doesn’t ] iii) Interrogative form: -Like in negative form, we must use the auxiliary “to do”. -Verb to do (conjugated) + subject + main verb (conjugated) + object + ? e. g. : Do you go to school on Sunday? Does Carlos play football every weekend? Carlos Vieira