PSY 4604 – Chapter 1 Quiz

PSY 4604 – Chapter 1 Quiz

Current evidence demonstrates that Freud’s works were ignored or even renounced by intellectuals during his lifetime.

A. False
B. True

A. False
Even when some women were admitted to graduate programs in psychology, they still encountered many barriers to their success, such as ____.

A. being prevented from using graduate library facilities
B. being unable to eat in graduate cafeterias
C. being barred from some laboratory facilities
D. not being allowed to participate in some seminar topics
E. All of the choices are correct

E. All of the choices are correct
The hallmark of psychology’s separation from philosophy was its reliance on ____.

A. biology
B. psychophysics
C. experimentation
D. deduction
E. physics

C. experimentation
In the first years of psychology’s emergence as a new discipline, which man determined its direction?

A. Edward Bradford Titchener
B. James McKeen Cattell
C. Thomas Kuhn
D. The Unknown Soldier
E. Wilhelm Wundt

E. Wilhelm Wundt
In the 1970s, the publication of the research of John Garcia was significantly delayed because ____.

A. his work challenged the cognitive psychology school of thought

B. All of the choices are correct

C. journal editors tend to accept findings that contradict or oppose current thinking

D. his findings challenged the prevailing view in stimulus-response (S-R) learning theory

E. his work was regarded as poorly done

D. his findings challenged the prevailing view in stimulus-response (S-R) learning theory
The term “Zeitgeist” refers to ____.

A. the moment of change in scientific revolutions
B. the moment of discovery
C. a blizzard of activity
D. a German dessert
E. the intellectual and cultural climate of the times

E. the intellectual and cultural climate of the times
The historical treatment of Freud’s impact upon psychology is still incomplete because ____.

A. he changed his ideas so many times

B. many of his most important works have not been translated into English

C. All of the choices are correct.

D. many of his papers and letters will not be publicly available until later in the 21st century

E. None of the choices are correct.

D. many of his papers and letters will not be publicly available until later in the 21st century
The various schools of thought in psychology have served well as systems to be opposed. In each case, ____ was the consequence.

A. absorption into the mainstream
B. a new paradigm
C. a new and unique methodology
D. a new definition of “mind”
E. a new school of thought

E. a new school of thought
According to your text, it was so difficult for Jewish psychologists to get a job that some resorted to ____.

A. None of the choices are true

B. changing their religion

C. lying about their religion

D. only applying to traditionally Jewish colleges and universities

E. changing their name to something that didn’t seem Jewish

E. changing their name to something that didn’t seem Jewish
In contrast to the events that are studied in science, historical events cannot be ____.

A. discovered
B. analyzed and explained
C. understood
D. used to predict future outcomes
E. repeated

E. repeated
Modern psychology shares which of the following characteristics with ancient Greek philosophy?

A. The development of common methods of research to answer questions about human nature

B. The denial that humans are composed of a physical body and a spiritual soul

C. An interest in the same kinds of questions about human nature

D. None of the choices are correct

E. A reliance upon biology to help in the understanding of human nature

C. An interest in the same kinds of questions about human nature
Instances of simultaneous discoveries of theory support the naturalistic concept of scientific history.

A. False
B. True

B. True
“The man makes the times,” reflects which view of history?

A. personalistic
B. naturalistic
C. nativist
D. panpsychic
E. regressive

A. personalistic
In Kuhn’s philosophy of science, when Einstein’s theory of relativity replaced Galilean-Newtonian physics, a(n) ____ occurred.

A. scientific revolution
B. Zeitgeist
C. paradigm
D. Ortgeist
E. school of thought

A. scientific revolution
Perhaps the most valuable outcome of the study of the history of psychology is that one will learn the ____.

A. evolution of the scientist-practitioner model of clinical psychology

B. issues at the root of the pure versus applied research conflict in psychology

C. relationships among psychology’s ideas, theories, and research strategies

D. contributions of the classic Greek philosophers

E. origins of the experimental methods

C. relationships among psychology’s ideas, theories, and research strategies
Virtually every modern science includes a course on its history as a part of its curriculum.

A. False
B. True

A. False
It can be argued that psychology today studies and debates some of the same questions as those that concerned the philosophers of ancient Greece.

A. True
B. False

A. True
Freud’s original term for free association was Einfall, which means an intrusion or an invasion.

A. True
B. False

A. True
Psychology became an independent discipline during the ____.

A. last quarter of the nineteenth century
B. first decade of the twentieth century
C. Renaissance
D. first decade of the nineteenth century
E. last quarter of the eighteenth century

A. last quarter of the nineteenth century
Psychology is marked by diversity and divisiveness. The one aspect of the discipline that provides cohesiveness and a common ground for discourse is its ____.

A. history
B. use of the hypothetico-deductive method
C. focus on the study of overt behavior
D. national organizations (APA and APS)
E. reliance on the experimental method in all its resea

A. history
The feature of modern psychology that distinguishes it from its antecedents is its ____.

A. use of deductive logic
B. focus on abnormal behavior
C. focus on motivation
D. focus on learning
E. methodology

E. methodology
A new school of thought may overcome its opposition not because the opposing points of view become convinced to accept the new thinking, but because adherents of the old school of thought die off.

A. False
B. True

B. True
Which psychologist burned his/her own letters, manuscripts, and research notes before s/he died?

A. John Watson
B. Sigmund Freud
C. B. F. Skinner
D. Karen Horney
E. Margaret Washburn

A. John Watson
According to the textbook, psychology as a discipline has ____.

A. focused on the reduction of discrimination since its beginnings

B. been substantially more discriminatory against minorities than have other sciences

C. been substantially more discriminatory against women than have other sciences

D. engaged in the discriminatory practices that mark American culture as a whole

E. None of the choices are correct

D. engaged in the discriminatory practices that mark American culture as a whole
Simultaneous discovery favors which view of history?

A. recurrent
B. syncopated
C. naturalistic
D. personalistic
E. dynamic

C. naturalistic
An “autobiography” of Jung was evidently written not by Jung but by an assistant who ____.

A. None of the choices are correct.

B. altered and/or deleted some of Jung’s writings to present him in a manner suiting his family and followers

C. exaggerated the degree of the break between Freud and Jung

D. slandered him personally

E. expanded Jung’s theories and attributed the expansion to Jung

B. altered and/or deleted some of Jung’s writings to present him in a manner suiting his family and followers
The effects of the Zeitgeist in inhibiting or delaying the dissemination and/or acceptance of a discovery operate at a cultural level but also within a science itself.

A. False
B. True

B. True
The stage in the development of a science when it is still divided into schools of thought is called ____.

A. preparadigmatic
B. revolutionary
C. a scientific revolution
D. paradigmatic
E. messy

A. preparadigmatic
The _____ theory would support the claim: “Freud was instrumental in discovering psychoanalysis. If not for Freud, no other psychologist would have been able to undercover the human psyche.”

A. naturalistic
B. Zeitgeist
C. evolution
D. ortgeist
E. personalistic

E. personalistic
As a scientific discipline, psychology is ____.

A. None of the choices are correct
B. one of the oldest
C. one of the newest
D. the only one to have started in the United States
E. one of the newest and one of the oldest

E. one of the newest and one of the oldest