Beneficence and Nonmaleficence
Fidelity and Responsibility
Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity
Ethical Principles are…
Ethical standards are…
enforceable rules for conduct of psychologists
Resolving Ethical Issues
Privacy and Confidentiality
Advertising and Other Public Statements
Record Keeping and Fees
Education and Training
Research and Publication
Conflict b/w Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority
If psychologists’ ethical responsibilities conflict with law, regulations, or other governing legal authority, psychologists clarify the nature of the conflict, make known their commitment to the Ethics Code, and take reasonable steps to resolve the conflict consistent w/ the General Principles and Ethical Standards or the EC
Conflicts b/w Ethics and Organizational Demands
If demands of an organization a psychologist is affiliated w/ or whom they are working are in conflict w/ the Ethics Code, they clarify the nature of the conflict, make known their commitment to the EC, and take reasonable steps to resolve the conflict consistent with the General Principles and the E Standards and EC. (1)
Informal Resolution of Ethical Violations
When psychologists believe that there may have been an ethical violation by another psephologist, they attempt to resolve the issue by bringing it to the attention of that individual, if an informal resolution appears appropriate and the intervention does not violate confidentiality rights that may be involved. (1)
Reporting Ethical Violations
If an apparent ethical violation has or is likely to substantially harm a person or organization and is not appropriate for informal resolution or is not resolved properly in that fashion, psychologists take further action appropriate in the situation. Such action might include referral to state or national committees on professional ethics, to state licensing boards, or the the appropriate institutional authorities.
Cooperating With Ethics Committees
Psychologists cooperate in ethics investigations, proceedings, and resulting requirement of the APA or any affiliated associations they belong. In doing so, they address any confidentiality issues.
Psychologists do not file or encourage the filing of ethics complaints that are made w/ reckless disregard for or willful ignorance of facts that would disprove the allegation (1)
Misuse of Psychologists’ Work
If psychologists learn of misuse or misrepresentation of their work, they take reasonable steps to correct or minimize the misuse or misrepresentation (1)
Unfair Discrimination Against Complainants and Respondents
Psychologists do not deny persons employment, advancement, admissions to academic or other programs, tenure, or promotion, based solely upon their having made or their being the subject of an ethics complaints.
philosophy and physiology
The new discipline of psychology was the product of the union of these two disciplines.
International Society for the History of the Behavioral and Social Sciences
This organization was founded in 1969
Last quarter of the nineteenth century
Time period in which Psychology became an independent discipline
Relationships among ideas, theories, and methods
Perhaps the most valuable outcome of the study of the history of psychology is that one will learn the…
Which psychologist burned his/her own letters, manuscripts, and research notes before s/he died?
Economic opportunities, wars, and discrimination
The three contextual forces in the history of psychology
People of Jewish decent
Julian Rotter, a leading personality theorist was told that this group of individuals “simply could not get academic jobs, regardless of their credentials.”
one of the youngest and one of the oldest
In terms of age, as a scientific discipline psychology is
Modern psychology and ancient Greek philosophy shared an interest in the same kinds of questions about this subject matter.
The lack of jobs in academic settings for PhDs lead to a surge in the practice of applied psychology — in other words, the development of applied psychology was a direct consequence of this contextual force.
History ignores the work of the majority of
The naturalistic view of history allows for this type of discovery
This school of thought deals with how the conscious mind enables and facilitates one’s adaptation to one’s environment
This school of thought that emphasizes the study of conscious experience and the wholeness of human nature.
History of the behavioral sciences
This journal began publication in 1965?
This eminent historian called the process of replacing one paradigm with another a scientific revolution.
the intellectual and cultural climate or spirit of the times
This school of thought is distinct in its focus on the role of the unconscious in determining behavior.
This school of thought focuses on the processes of knowing and thus represents a return to the study of conscious processes.
This feature of modern psychology distinguishes the discipline from its antecedents
The terms ego and id, which do not precisely represent Freud’s ideas, are examples of this phenomenon of translation
American psychological association
Division 26 of this professional organization is concerned with the study of the discipline’s history.
This school of thought that deals solely with observable behaviors that can be described in objective terms.
Prejudice and discrimination
According to your text, it was so difficult for Jewish psychologists to get a job that some resorted to changing their name to something that didn’t seem Jewish — a product of this contextual force.
The world wars
Industrial/organizational psychology and clinical psychology grew because of the demands created by this contextual force
“The man makes the times,” reflects which view of history?
The hallmark of psychology’s separation from philosophy was its reliance on
School of thought
A group of psychologists who become associated ideologically, and sometimes geographically, with the leader of a movement. Typically, members share a theoretical or systematic orientation and investigate similar problems.
This school of thought deals with conscious experience as it is dependent on the experiencing person
This school of thought focuses on learning and perception and emphasizes the combination of elements to produce new patterns.
Cohesiveness and common grounds
Psychology is marked by diversity and divisiveness, but studying its history provides these characteristics
This theory suggests that the times make the person.
techniques and principles employed in historical research
view that progress and change in scientific history are attributable to the ideas of unique individuals