Results And Discussion Respondents Profile Health And Social Care Essay

Results And Discussion Respondents Profile Health And Social Care Essay

This subdivision reviews the personal and professional backgrounds of the respondents. Apart from their designated places, an LNC ‘s disposition towards certain nutrition and nutrition-related plans is partially established by their age ( the period from which their perceptual experience is based on ) , gender and length of service ( old ages of experience in the execution of plans ) in the authorities.

Distribution of Respondents

There were 31 respondents in entire ; 22.6 per centum came from barangay 1 and each 19.4 per centum represented the provincial, metropolis, municipality and barangay 2 degrees ( Table 1 ) . The expected respondents of the study were caputs of LNC ; nevertheless, few delegated their coordinators to finish the study. In some cases, the coordinators shared the same cognition and patterns as their caputs and sing how LGUs map, coordinators were important places.

Table 1. Distribution of Respondents

Degree

Frequency

Percentage

Provincial

6

19.4

City

6

19.4

Municipality

6

19.4

Barangay 1 ( City )

7

22.6

Barangay 2 ( Municipality )

6

19.4

Age

The age of LNC ranges from 25 to 65 old ages old. Almost 39 per centum belong to age bracket of 46 to 55 ; about 10 per centum belong to the lowest age bracket of 25 to 35 ; and about 26 per centum came from both 36 to 45 and 56 to 65 age brackets. The youngest respondents were officers from the Department of Interior and Local Government and Department of Education ( 29 old ages old ) and the oldest was a Barangay Nutrition Scholar ( 64 old ages old ) .

Gender

Of the entire respondents, 87.1 per centum were female while 12.9 per centum were male.

Educational Attainment

Out of 31 respondents, more than half ( 51.6 % ) were college alumnuss, around 23 per centum were post-graduates, about 13 per centum were vocational, about 7 per centum were high school alumnuss and 3 per centum were both high school and college undergraduates.

Current Position/Office

At the provincial, metropolis and municipal degrees, respondents from the Nutrition, Health, Agriculture, Social Welfare and Development, and Planning and Development bureaus comprised about 50 per centum of the population while the staying per centum came from the offices of Interior and Local Government ( 3.2 % ) and Education ( 6.5 % ) . The barangay degree was composed of Barangay Nutrition Scholars ( 6.5 % ) , Rural Health Midwife ( 3.2 % ) , Barangay Health Workers ( 5.0 % ) , Municipal Health Nurse ( 3.2 % ) , Day Care Center Worker ( 3.2 % ) , Kagawad on Health ( 6.5 % ) , and Kagawad on Agriculture ( 3.2 % ) .

Length of Tenure

In footings of old ages in service, a one-fourth ( 25.8 % ) of the entire respondents has been in office for less than five old ages and a 3rd ( 32.3 % ) have been in office for 10 old ages or less. Majority of the respondents ( 42 % ) have been in office for at least 11 old ages. The longest functioning officer interviewed was a Department of Education Nutrition Head who has been in the office for about 40 old ages.

Table 2. Respondents Profile

Feature

Frequency

Percentage

Age ( old ages )

25 to 35

3

9.7

36 t0 45

8

25.8

46 to 55

12

38.7

56 to 65

8

25.8

Gender

Male

4

12.9

Female

27

87.1

Educational Attainment

High School Undergraduate

1

3.2

High School Graduate

2

6.5

College Undergraduate

1

3.2

College Graduate

16

51.6

Vocational

4

12.9

Post-Graduate

7

22.6

Current Position/Office

Nutrition

3

9.7

Health

3

9.7

Agribusiness

3

9.7

Education

2

6.5

Social Welfare and Development

3

9.7

Planing and Development

3

9.7

Interior and Local Government

1

3.2

Barangay Nutrition Scholar

2

6.5

Barangay Health Worker

5

16.1

Rural Health Midwife

1

3.2

Municipal Health Nurse

1

3.2

Day Care Center Worker

1

3.2

Kagawad on Health

2

6.5

Kagawad on Agriculture

1

3.2

Old ages in Service ( old ages )

1 to 5

8

25.8

6 to 10

10

32.3

11 to 15

7

22.6

16 to 20

3

9.7

21 and above

3

9.7

Monitoring and Evaluation Systems in Laguna

This subdivision tackles the general and specific cognition and patterns of LNC in the M and E of nutrition plans. Respondents who merely conduct M and E were expected to reply the undermentioned set of inquiries about current M and E tools and patterns. Otherwise, they were asked to continue to the following portion of the questionnaire. Respondents were asked of how they understand M and E or how would they specify the footings. This subdivision besides reviews the data/results of M and E ; the flow of data/results, how it was submitted and used in planning, redesigning and footing for assessment if aims were achieved or non achieved.

The Existing Monitoring and Evaluation Systems

In the overall direction of nutrition and nutrition-related services, the Local Government Units ( LGUs ) , i.e. from the national degree the maps of NNC are performed to the local degree through the Local Nutrition Committees ( LNCs ) down to the barangay degree. In the state, city/municipality and barangay, LNCs are commissioned for planning, implementing, monitoring, measuring and organizing the local programs of action for nutrition ( NNC, 2009 ) . Tables 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 present the M and E patterns of the LNC for the provincial, metropolis, municipal, barangay 1 and barangay 2 degrees, severally. Some of the monitoring and rating tools used were the followers:

Monitoring and Evaluation of Local Level Plan Implementation ( MELLPI ) . MELLPI is conducted yearly by the Regional Evaluation Team ( RET ) from March to April “ to supervise and formalize the efficiency and effectivity of the nutrition and nutrition related activities implemented at the local degree ” ( NNC, 2012 ) . MELLPI guidelines present a on the job paper for field implementers in carry oning the activity. This set of guidelines is used by PPAN implementers in carry oning the MELLPI at the national, regional, provincial, metropolis and municipal degrees. The MELLPI purposes to 1 ) Assess the efficiency of local degree execution ; 2 ) Measure alterations in weight position of preschool and school kids during the rating twelvemonth and the immediate past two old ages ; 3 ) Determine the extent to which nutrition is integrated into local development programs and plans ; and 4 ) Advocate for the go oning support for local nutrition plans ( NNC, 2012 ) .

National Nutrition Survey ( NNS ) . NNS is a population-based study that assesses nutritionary position of nutritionally at-risk groups. The study updates the official statistics on nutrient, nutrition and wellness state of affairs in the Philippines and subsequently guides the preparation of nutrient and nutrition policies every bit good as intercession and related development plans. Furthermore, the study provides national and sub-national prevalence of malnutrition and proctor alterations in the nutrition state of affairs. ( FNRI, 2011 ) .

Field Health Service Information System ( FHSIS ) . The FHSIS purposes to 1 ) provide drumhead informations on wellness service bringing and selected plan achievement indexs at the barangay, municipality/city, territory, provincial, regional, and national degrees ; 2 ) provide informations which, when combined with informations from other beginnings, can be used for plan monitoring and rating purposed ; 3 ) supply a criterion, facility-level database which can be accessed for more in-depths surveies ; 4 ) guarantee that the information reported are utile and accurate and are disseminated in a timely and easy manner ; and 5 ) minimise the load of entering and describing at the service bringing degree in order to let more clip for patient attention and promotive activites ( Sta. Maria, 1993 ) .

Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey ( MICS ) . The MICS is a world-wide family study attempt to assist states in make fulling informations spreads for “ monitoring human development in general and the state of affairs of kids and adult females in peculiar ” ( UNICEF, 2012 ) . The MICS generated statistically dependable, globally comparable estimations of societal indexs which are needed “ for supervising the ends and marks of the Millennium Declaration, the World Fit for Children Declaration and Plan of Action, the ends of the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS ( UNICEF, 2012 ) . Initially, MICS was designed to the international established set of ends that materialized from the 1990 World Summit for Children. Afterwhich, it has been implemented every five old ages since 1995 ( UNICEF, 2005 ) .

Barangay Nutrition Action Plan. Formulation of nutrition action programmes has been an institutionalised activity of local nutrition commissions. The nutrition action program serves as the cardinal papers and footing for the integrating of nutrition considerations into the local development programs. It besides serves as the working papers and usher for field implementers and for monitoring and rating. The planning activity is initiated by the Municipal Mayor as Chairman of the MNC, while the municipal nutrition action officer coordinates the activity.

Other M and E Tools. Based from the study, nutrition plans were besides assessed utilizing growing chart, single intervention records ( ITS ) , monthly achievement study ( MAR ) , narrative study, guidelines, mark sheet, logbook and pie chart ; during audience, behavior of personal interview, and family visits.

Frequency of M and E of Nutrition and Nutrition-related Programs

The LNC indicated the frequence of M and E of nutrition and nutrition-related plans. It was categorized as monthly, quarterly and yearly. Others included ex-ante M and E, “ as needed ” and “ non applicable ” depending on the sorts of plan being implemented ; some marked the day of the month and clip of M and E.

Nutritional Indexs

Nutrition and nutrition-related indexs were besides determined to measure the impact of plans. Nutritional indexs could be used to see the demand for other informations that can be really different from the premises for research, for patient direction, for doing public policy or for planning or measuring plans ( Habicht and Pelletier, 1999 ) .

Nutrition and Nutrition-related Programs

The LNC managed and assessed several nutrition and nutrition-related plans such as distribution of 1 ) Oral Rehydration Solution and 2 ) Oregon and Zn supplementation to babies and immature kids with diarrhoea, 3 ) auxiliary eating provided to undernourish kids, constitution of gardens and raising of little animate beings through 4 ) home/community nutrient production, 5 ) nutrition instruction in school course of study, nutrition guidance, and multi-media run, distribution of seed to school kids in 6 ) school nutrient production plan and the assessment of the 7 ) Philippine Plan of Action for Nutriton.

.

Monitoring and Evaluation Systems in the Provincial Level

As defined by LNCs at the provincial degree, monitoring is an organized process of roll uping, regular checking of plan execution and construing information about a plan of activities ; appraisals may besides be done during monitoring. Besides, it is a tool to look into whether the trade goods reach the donees ; a supervising to guarantee that activities in advancement are on class and on agenda in run intoing the aims and public presentation marks.

On the other manus, rating is looking at results-based on the effectivity and efficiency of the undertaking accomplishments based on the set aims ; measuring the impact of a plan. Evaluation besides involves measuring the strengths and failings of plans, policies, forces, merchandises and organisations to better their effectivity. Furthermore, it is a systematic assessment of the success of a plan, the opinion about whether a plan is successful or non reached by comparing the mark specified in the aim with the alterations that the plan really achieves. At the provincial degree, there were four nutrition plans being monitored and evaluated including auxiliary eating, home/community nutrient production, nutrition instruction and school nutrient production ( Table 3 ) .

Auxiliary Feeding. Supplementary eating was assessed by Nutrition, Education and Planning and Development offices. Monitoring tools used were growing chart, single intervention records ( ITR ) , barangay nutrition action program ( BNAP ) , and monthly achievement studies ( MAR ) . Using weight of kids as an index, auxiliary eating was monitored indiscriminately every month, every one-fourth and every twelvemonth. On the other manus, the national nutrition study ( NNS ) , supervising and rating of local degree program execution ( MELLPI ) , accomplishment study and pie chart were used to measure the plan and weight addition as an index. The plan was monitored monthly, quarterly and yearly.

Home/Community Food Production. Home/community nutrient production was managed by Nutrition and Agriculture offices. Individual intervention record, BNAP, MAR and MELLPI were used to supervise the plan monthly, quarterly and yearly ; while, the NNS, multiple index bunch study ( MICS ) , MELLPI and MAR were used to measure the plan quarterly and yearly, dated from the month of March to May.

Nutrition Education. Nutrition instruction was accomplished by Planing and Development and Nutrition offices utilizing growing chart, BNAP and MAR. The plan was monitored monthly, quarterly and yearly. Whereas, it was evaluated quarterly and yearly utilizing the NNS, MELLPI and MAR.

School Food Production. The direction of school nutrient production was supervised by Nutrition and Planning and Development offices. The plan was monitored and evaluated monthly, quarterly and yearly. Barangay Nutriton Action Plan and MAR were used for supervising while NNS, MELLPI and MAR for rating.

The consequences gathered from monitoring and rating will be fed back to the municipalities ; augmentation activities for every barangay nutrition plan will be created. Reports made by Education officer were submitted to the cardinal office. The consequences of the other offices were forwarded to the Regional Evaluation Team and served as footing for the continuity of the plan or for happening other schemes. All informations collected from the provincial office were accomplished in signifiers and submitted personally or through facsimile to the regional office and so to the national office.

The consequences obtained from the rating will be used in planning, in redesigning and footing for public presentation assessment if aims were achieved or non. In planning, the consequences were presented and be the footing for what should be improved. The consequences were used as footing for seting up extra financess for the continuity of the bing plan ; otherwise, for happening other schemes in instance the plan failed.

Table 3. Monitoring and rating systems in the provincial degree

Nutrition Plans

Monitoring Tools

I

Nitrogen

Calciferol

I

C

A

Thymine

Oxygen

Roentgen

Second

Frequency of Monitoring

Date/

Time of M

Evaluation Tools

I

Nitrogen

Calciferol

I

C

A

Thymine

Oxygen

Roentgen

Second

Frequency of Evaluation

Date/

Time

of E

Gigahertz

I

Thymine

Roentgen

Bacillus

Nitrogen

A

Phosphorus

Meter

A

Roentgen

Meter

Tocopherol

Liter

Liter

Phosphorus

I

Moment

Qt

A

Nitrogen

Nitrogen

Second

Meter

I

C

Second

Meter

Tocopherol

Liter

Liter

Phosphorus

I

Meter

A

Roentgen

Pie

Chart

Moment

Qt

A

Auxiliary Eating

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

Wt of chidren

a?„

a?„

a?„

Random

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

Wt addition

a?„

a?„

a?„

Everyday

Home/Community Food Production

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

March-May

Nutrition Education

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

School Food Production

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

Monitoring and Evaluation Systems in the City Level

The LNC in the metropolis degree defined monitoring as a uninterrupted map that uses the systematic aggregation of informations on specified indexs to supply direction and the chief stakeholders of an on-going development intercession with indicants of the extent of advancement and accomplishment of aims and advancement in the usage of allocated financess. Evaluation, on the other manus, is the systematic and nonsubjective appraisal of an ongoing or completed undertaking, plan or policy including its design, execution and consequences ; results of the plan are used as footing for giving recommendations. Table 4 shows the nutrition and nutrition-related plans being implemented.

Auxiliary Feeding. Program for targeted malnourished kids peculiarly auxiliary eating was organized by Nutrition office. The plan was monitored and evaluated monthly utilizing growing chart and narrative study, severally.

Home/Community Food Production. Home/community nutrient production was implemented by Nutrition and Agriculture offices. Monthly and ex-ante monitoring and rating was used for the plan utilizing MAR and an existent interview of donees, and based on the guidelines, severally. The version of organic agriculture was used as the index for monitoring and rating.

Nutrition Education and School Food Production. Nutrition instruction and school nutrient production was assessed by Nutrition office. Using narrative studies, the plan was monitored and evaluated quarterly.

Filipino Plan of Action for Nutrition ( PPAN ) . The PPAN was monitored and evaluated by the Department of Education utilizing MELLPI. It was assessed yearly and as the demand arises.

The consequences of the rating were collected by the judges and submitted personally or through facsimile to NNC regional office so to NNC cardinal office. In planning, the consequences of the plans were used to measure if there will be continuity or non.

Table 4. Monitoring and rating systems in the metropolis degree

Nutrition Plans

Monitoring Tools

I

Nitrogen

Calciferol

I

C

A

Thymine

Oxygen

Roentgen

Second

Frequency of Monitoring

Date/

Time

of M

Evaluation Tool

I

Nitrogen

Calciferol

I

C

A

Thymine

Oxygen

Roentgen

Second

Frequency of Evaluation

Date/

Time of E

Gram

C

Meter

A

Roentgen

I

Nitrogen

Thymine

Tocopherol

Roentgen

Volt

I

Tocopherol

Tungsten

Nitrogen

Roentgen

Meter

Tocopherol

Liter

Liter

Phosphorus

I

Meter

O

Qt

A

Ex-

A

Nitrogen

Thymine

Tocopherol

A

Second

Nitrogen

Tocopherol

Tocopherol

Calciferol

Tocopherol

vitamin D

Nitrogen

Roentgen

Gram

Uracil

I

Calciferol

Tocopherol

Liter

I

Nitrogen

Tocopherol

Second

Meter

Tocopherol

Liter

Liter

Phosphorus

I

Meter

O

Qt

A

Ex-

A

Nitrogen

Thymine

Tocopherol

As

needed

Auxiliary Eating

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

Home/Community Food Production

a?„

a?„

Adaptation of organic agriculture

a?„

a?„

During the implemen-tation

a?„

a?„

During the implemen-tation

Nutrition Education

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

School Food Production

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

PPAN

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

Monitoring and Evaluation Systems in the Municipal Level

Monitoring is the regular checking of development or advancement of certain activity ; supplying information about the undertaking and measuring the advancement of plan or undertaking over clip. Furthermore, monitoring is supervising the undertaking, whether it was implemented harmonizing to guidelines and seeing to it that undertaking continues. As per DILG, the accelerator for excellence in local administration, they monitor the per centum of execution of plan and undertakings of different sections based on marks met and the quality of execution. Meanwhile, rating was defined as the procedure of finding the value or worth of a plan ; a more thorough appraisal or scrutiny of undertakings or plan at a specific point in clip looking into the impact of effectivity of the undertaking. It is besides a plan activity designed to obtain nonsubjective information about the plan and to find the value of the undertaking whether successful or non. Evaluation for the DILG officers, they base the consequences of rating on the per centums and quality of execution of plans and undertakings. Table 5 presents the nutrition and nutrition-related plans being implemented in the municipal degree.

ORS and ORS and Zinc Supplementation. ORS, and ORS and zinc supplementation was quarterly monitored and evaluated utilizing Field Health Service Information System ( FHSIS ) and narrative studies from the barangays. The plan was managed by the Municipal Health Office.

Auxiliary Feeding. Supplementary eating was monitored and evaluated quarterly and yearly during December and January of the undermentioned twelvemonth utilizing growing chart and narrative study. Offices included in the execution were Nutrition, Interior and Local Government, Planning and Development and Social Welfare and Development offices. Decreased in the figure of malnourished kids was used as an index.

Home/Community Food Production. Home/community nutrient production was assessed by Health, Agriculture and Interior and Local Government offices. The plan was monitored monthly ( from January to December ) utilizing ITR and narrative study and evaluated quarterly ( every crop ) utilizing narrative study and mark sheets. The standards intended for the plan were applied as an index.

Nutrition Education. Nutrition instruction was monitored yearly and evaluated quarterly by Nutrition and DILG, using narrative study. Besides, school nutrient production was monitored and evaluated yearly by Nutrition office and DILG, doing usage of narrative study.

The studies were in narrative signifier. Datas were collected from the barangay through the BNS and submitted to MNAO. Afterwards, submitted to the LCE and other officer concerned through electronic mail or facsimile. Datas were besides given to NGOs, church based establishments as requested. The consequences were used for budgeting intents and aiming of prioritize sector or barangay for the undertaking to turn to their demands.

Table 5. Monitoring and rating systems in the municipal degree

Nutrition Plans

Monitoring Tool

Indexs

Frequency of Monitoring

Date/

Time of M

Indexs

Frequency of Evaluation

Date/

Time of E

F

Hydrogen

Second

I

Second

Gram

C

I

Thymine

Roentgen

Nitrogen

Roentgen

Moment

Qt

A

Nitrogen

Roentgen

Second

C

Oxygen

Roentgen

Tocopherol

Second

Hydrogen

Tocopherol

Tocopherol

Thymine

Moment

Qt

A

Oregon

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

ORS and Zinc Supplementation

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

Auxiliary Eating

a?„

a?„

Decreased in figure of malnourished kids

a?„

a?„

Dec and Jan of the undermentioned twelvemonth

a?„

a?„

Dec and Jan of the undermentioned twelvemonth

Home/Community Food Production

a?„

a?„

a?„

January to December

a?„

a?„

Standards

a?„

Every crop

Nutrition Education

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

School Food Production

a?„

a?„

a?„

a?„

Monitoring and Evaluation Systems in Barangay 1 Level

Monitoring was defined as usage of growing monitoring such as weighing graduated table and height board ; a frequent trial, check-up and appraisal of patients. Evaluation, on the other manus, is look intoing if ends and aims were met or non ; detecting and measuring if the intercession made was effectual or non. Table 6 shows the nutrition and nutrition-related plans managed at the barangay 1.

ORS and ORS and Zinc Supplementation. The distribution of ORS and ORS and zinc supplementation among patients with diarrhoeas were assessed by rural wellness accoucheuse. The instances of diarrhoea among kids were monitored upon audience to the wellness officer ; evaluated through the usage of logbook. Name callings of kids who obtained ORS and ORS and Zn addendums were written down in the logbook for rating intents. The plan has an impact if kids have improved their wellness position. However, deficiency of supplies gives the rural wellness accoucheuse a determination to urge the patients to see the nearby infirmary for farther check-up.

Auxiliary Feeding. Headed by the BNS and supported by the rural wellness accoucheuse, auxiliary eating was monitored quarterly ( July, August and September ) and evaluated monthly ( July, August and September ) utilizing growing chart and monthly achievement study, severally. The increased weight of kids verified that the plan was successful.

Nutrition Education. Nutrition instruction was monitored and evaluated by the BNS. A narrative study was used as a tool for quarterly monitoring and during the execution, the plan was evaluated.

The results/data collected in the ORS and ORS and zinc supplementation were put in black and white paper. No farther ratings and suggestions were provided. On the other manus, the consequences of other nutrition plans were personally submitted to the City Nutrition Action Office through narrative studies. If plans reached the mark objectives with proper allotment of financess, they will be continued or else better the planning of plans.

Table 6. Monitoring and rating systems in barangay 1 degree

Nutrition Plans

Monitoring Tool

Indexs

Frequency of Monitoring

Date/

Time of

Meter

Evaluation Tool

Indexs

Frequency of Evaluation

Date/

Time of

Tocopherol

C

Oxygen

Nitrogen

Second

Uracil

Liter

Thymine

A

Thymine

I

Oxygen

Nitrogen

Gram

C

Nitrogen

Roentgen

Moment

Qt

A

N/A

Liter

Oxygen

Gram

Bacillus

Oxygen

Oxygen

K

Meter

A

Roentgen

Nitrogen

Roentgen

Moment

Qt

A

N/A

Oregon

a?„

Improved wellness position

a?„

Upon Check-up

a?„

Improved wellness position

a?„

Upon Consultation

ORS and Zinc Supplementation

a?„

Improved wellness position

a?„

Upon Check-up

a?„

Improved wellness position

a?„

Upon Consultation

Auxiliary Eating

a?„

Increased wt

a?„

July, August and September

a?„

Increased wt

a?„

July, August and September

Nutrition Education

a?„

Improved cognition

a?„

During tne execution

a?„

Improved cognition

a?„

During the execution

Monitoring and Evaluation Systems in Barangay 2 Level

As defined by LNC in the barangay 2 degree, monitoring is the look intoing the demands of a plan. It was besides defined as deliberation of kids either under or overnourished and numbering the entire figure of mark donees. Evaluation is the look intoing if plans are decently implemented, with proper budget allotment and checking if the plan has improved or non. Table 7 shows the nutrition and nutrition-related plans assessed in the barangay 2 degree.

ORS and ORS Zinc Supplementation. The behavior of ORS and ORS zinc supplementation was monitored and evaluated by the municipal wellness nurse. The diarrhoea instances were determined and monitored quarterly upon audience in the centre and the consequences from FHSIS. The plans were evaluated quarterly in a narrative study for rating.

Auxiliary Feeding. The BNS, assisted by the Kagawad on Health, conduct the execution of auxiliary eating among malnourished kids. The plan was monitored monthly ( July, August and September ) utilizing growing chart and evaluated monthly in a narrative study and through family visits. The indexs that the plan has achieved its aims were improved weight, weight-for-height and weight-for-age.

Home/Community Food Production. The home/community nutrient production plan was managed by the BNS, Kagawad on Health and Kagawad on Agriculture. The plan was monitored and evaluated hebdomadal utilizing narrative study and by family visits. The figure of produced harvests suggested the impact of the plan.

Nutrition Education. Nutrition instruction was spearheaded by the BNS. The attending of the donees was used as the monitoring tool of the plan ; carried out every 3rd hebdomad of the month. The plan was evaluated every 3rd hebdomad of the month, completed through a narrative study. An improved weight indicates the achievement of the plan.

School Food Production. The school nutrient production plan was initiated by the BNS. The plan was monitored hebdomadally in a narrative study and by agencies of family visits. The plan was evaluated hebdomadally in a narrative study. The index determined was the figure of harvests produced.

The consequences of the ORS and ORS and zinc supplementation plan were personally submitted to the provincial office. Sometimes, these were faxed for easier transportation of informations. The consequences of other nutrition plans were documented by the Councilors and maintain for farther mentions. However, the BNS personally submitted the consequences to the municipal nutrition action office with the needed signifiers. The rating of the plan determined if it should be retained, otherwise change the plan.

Table 7. Monitoring and rating systems in barangay 2 degree

Nutrition Plans

Monitoring Tool

Indexs

Frequency of Monitoring

Date/

Time of

Meter

Evaluation Tool

Indexs

Frequency of Evaluation

Date/

Time of

Tocopherol

C

Oxygen

Nitrogen

Second

Uracil

Liter

Thymine

A

Thymine

I

Oxygen

Nitrogen

Gram

C

Nitrogen

Roentgen

HH

Volt

I

Second

I

Thymine

A

Thymine

Thymine

Tocopherol

Nitrogen

Calciferol

A

Nitrogen

C

Tocopherol

FHSIS

Moment

Qt

A

Wkly

Nitrogen

Roentgen

HH

Volt

I

Second

I

Thymine

Moment

Qt

A

Wkly

Oregon

a?„

a?„

a?„

Upon Consultation

a?„

a?„

Upon Consultation

ORS and Zinc Supplementation

a?„

a?„

Upon Consultation

a?„

a?„

Upon Consultation

Auxiliary Eating

a?„

Improved wt ; wt-for-ht ; wt-for-age

a?„

July, Aug, Sept

a?„

a?„

Improved wt

a?„

July, Aug, Sept

Home/Community Food Production

a?„

a?„

Number of harvests produced

a?„

Weekly

a?„

a?„

Number of harvests

a?„

Weekly

Nutrition Education

a?„

Improved wt

a?„

3rd hebdomad

a?„

Improved wt

a?„

3rd hebdomad

School Food Production

a?„

a?„

Number of harvests produced

a?„

Weekly

a?„

Number of harvests

a?„

Weekly

Knowledge of Local Nutrition Committees in RBME

This subdivision is an appraisal of the respondents ‘ cognition in results-based M and E. This subdivision determines the figure of LNC members who were cognizant of the basic information about the results-based direction attack ( Table 8 ) . A series of statements were provided to determine the basic constructs they acquainted ( Table 9 ) .

From the entire respondents, a 3rd ( 33.3 % ) of respondents from both the provincial and municipal degrees and about 17 per centum from barangay 2 had acquired primary cognition about the results-based M and E.

Table 8. Frequency of LNC with cognition in results-based M and E

Degree

Frequency

Percentage

Provincial

2

33.3

City

0

0

Municipal

2

33.3

Barangay 1

0

0

Barangay 2

1

16.67

From the entire figure of respondents which had comprehension on results-based direction attack, all ( 100 % ) were familiar with the constructs such as: 1 ) combination of results and impacts appraisal, 2 ) a helpful attack to supervise and measure undertaking, plan and policy at all degrees, 3 ) can be performed at local, regional, and national degrees of authorities, 4 ) a beginning of cognition capital, 5 ) an aid in advancing greater transparence and answerability of stakeholders, 6 ) usage of indexs to place the results of undertakings, 7 ) informations aggregation on end products contributes towards attainment of results, 8 ) demands the stakeholders to plan and keep an organisational construction focused on consequences, 9 ) provides a qualitative and quantitative informations of results, 10 ) completed with strategic spouses, and ) records information of both success and failure.

Table 9. Number of LNC with cognition in results-based monitoring and rating at different degrees

Statements

Provincial

Municipality

Barangay 2

Frequency

Results-based monitoring and rating combines with appraisal of results and impacts and allows organisation to modify and alter execution procedures.

2/2

2/2

1/1

Results-based monitoring and rating systems have been successfully designed and used to supervise and measure at all degrees – undertaking, plan, and policy.

2/2

2/2

1/1

Results-based monitoring and rating can be conducted at local, regional, and national degrees of authorities.

2/2

2/2

1/1

Results-based monitoring and rating systems are a beginning of cognition capital that enable authoritiess and organisations to develop a cognition base of the types of undertakings, plans, and policies that are successful, and more by and large, what works, what does non, and why.

2/2

2/2

1/1

Results-based monitoring and rating systems can help in advancing greater transparence and answerability within organisations and authoritiess.

2/2

2/2

1/1

Indexs for results-based monitoring and rating are used to find the results of undertakings.

2/2

2/2

1/1

The informations aggregation on end products ( e.g. increased entree to ORS and zinc supplementation ) contributes toward accomplishment of results ( e.g. improved used of ORS and zinc supplementation ) .

2/2

2/2

1/1

Results-based monitoring and rating requires the organisation to make and prolong an organisational construction focused on consequences.

2/2

2/2

1/1

A systematic coverage with more qualitative and quantitative information on the betterment toward results.

2/2

2/2

1/1

Results-based monitoring and rating is done in partnership with strategic spouses.

2/2

2/2

1/1

Results-based monitoring and rating records information of both success and failure schemes in accomplishing desired results ( consequences ) .

2/2

2/2

1/1

Strengths and Restrictions of M and E Practices of LNC

This subdivision assesses the preparedness of LNC in the execution of results-based direction attack. The strengths and restrictions of M and E patterns of LNC influence their capacity to plan and implement a results-based direction. Readiness appraisal was categorized harmonizing to organisational system, human resources, fiscal resources, and engineering and technology-related installations. Statements refering to each class were composed to find the bureaus ‘ capacity to implement a new M and E system. The subdivision besides deals with the relevant inputs/resources and activities identified by the LNC, which are of import in the development and execution of results-based M and E system in Laguna.

Table 10 shows the acceptableness of LNC members if results-based direction will be designed and executed in their country. In the metropolis degree, 50 per centum acknowledged RBM ; more than 65 per centum in the municipal degree and about 85 per centum in barangay 2 degree. However, less than 50 per centum recognized RBM in barangay 1 degree. The overall credence of results-based direction attack in the state of Laguna was about 70 per centum.

Table 10. Perceived Acceptability of RBME

Degree

Frequency

Percentage

Provincial

5

71.43*

City

3

50

Municipal

4

66.67

Barangay 1

3

42.86

Barangay 2

5

83.33

* Weight instance = 1.167 ; to generalise the state of Laguna

Harmonizing to LNC members, the execution of a results-based direction in Laguna demands appropriate inputs and resources including 1 ) fiscal resources, 2 ) office supply signifiers and equipment for anthropometric measurings, 3 ) proficient aid, and 4 ) human resources.

Fiscal Resources

Sufficient fiscal resources are of import to accomplish the end of planing and implementing results-based M and E system ; and to guarantee a go oning support of the intended consequences. By and large, the organisation is responsible in geting new resources from stakeholders to continue an bing degree of fiscal support. Leaderships are apt for fiscal resources allocated to their offices. It is a responsibility for them to make effectual systems that will ease staff to maintain path of those resources ( Bruneau, 1994 ) .

Technical Aid

“ Technical aid strengthens the authorities ‘s ownership of reforms, particularly by heightening administration capablenesss ” ( IMF, 2012 ) . Technical aid provides elaborate actions in the direction of plans. Results-based direction techniques must be adjunct by governmental regulations and processs to hold an influence on plan effectivity and better allow planning within bureaus ( Ortiz, et.al, 2004 ) .

Human Resources

Human resource professionals have a cardinal function to play to assist organisation accomplish its aims ; influences many of the cardinal systems and concern procedures underpinning effectual bringing ; provide tools and models for the executing of the plan. Keepers of the fire when it comes to corporate civilization, squad edifice and alteration direction processes ( Strandberg, 2009 ) .

Supply and Equipment

This includes the office supply signifiers and equipment for anthropometric measurings. A well-managed stuff resource produces a better service, without blowing other resources like clip and money. Consequently, touchable stuffs should be really stored and distributed ( BMS, 2012 ) .

The LNC marked out elaborate activities needed in the execution of results-based direction attack. Here are the undermentioned actions that must be addressed: 1 ) protagonism, 2 ) courtesy call, 3 ) orientation and preparation, 4 ) meeting with implementers and 5 ) information, instruction and communicating stuffs.

Advocacy

A strong protagonism promotes success of nutrition plans. It aids to edify stakeholders about what works at the community ; keeps the force per unit area on for sustained plan support and support ( Kurosky, 2007 ) .

Courtesy Call, Orientation and Training

Orientation introduces the attack to the organisation and imparts with an overview of how it functions. The activity accustoms the organisation to go more productive and effectual. Orientation and preparation are relevant activities to reenforce the capacities of the organisation to be familiar and have a common apprehension on the nucleus rules and constructs of results-based direction ; and how the method can be employed in ( rhenium ) scheduling, monitoring and coverage. Orientation and preparations with theoretical presentations and exercisings will let interpreting theory into pattern when scheduling, monitoring and coverage ; therefore, can be tailored to the specific demands of the organisation ( UNDP, 2002 ) .

Meeting with Implementers

This assembly of persons is performed to leave new information and talk about pertinent issues and programs/projects. Meetings with implementers play a important function in the preparation of strategic alterations within organisations ( Jarzabkowski, 2002 ) .

Information, Education and Communication ( IEC )

IEC serves as vehicles for the community to better their engagement and the stakeholders to better understand their functions in the execution of a results-based direction. Information is a trade good to be protected and employed strategically ; a tool for answerability, transparence and ownership. Communication is how information obtains certain activities. When the attack is being implemented, the authorities must be likely to analyze the IEC constituent as chiefly a public dealingss enterprise. ( Chibwana and Mohan, 2001 ) .