Rome

Rome

Rome was
Located on the plain of Latium
The government of Rome
Was orginally a monarchy
Early Roman legends and tale
Were incorporatted into Livy’s historical accounts
A central aspect of early Roman conquest was that all conquered peoples
Had an interest in the success of Rome
Roman imperialism was characterized by
Strategic fortification, road construction, and Allied military support
The chief executive offices of the Roman Republic who are responsible for leading the Roman army into battle and administering the government where the
Consuls
The defenders of the plebeians were known as the
Tribunes
The Roman Senate
Had 300 members who were chosen for life
The centuriate assemblies
Had the responsibilities of electing the chief magistrates and passing legislation
Members of the aristocratic governing class in Rome were known as the
Patricians
The plebeians were
Less privileged and often poorer than the patricians
The struggle of the orders in ancient Rome
Became less confrontational when laws were passed permitting plebeians to hold office
The peoples who the greatest influence upon the Republic Rome were the
Greeks
The first Punic war
Was wage between Carthage and room over the control of the island Sicily
The second Punic war
Won Spain for Rome and produce Roman control over the Western Mediterranean
The third Punic war
Resulted in Carthage being destroyed and its territory becoming a Roman province
The major stages of Roman imperial expansion before 100 B.C.E. included
Seizure of the Atlantic coastline of north western Africa to outflank Carthage
The Roman general who began a new system of military recruitment that made soldiers loyal to their general and not the Senate was
Marius
Roman slaves made up
Well over half the population of the Empire
The Roman general who returned from Spain as a military hero and 71 B.C.E. was
Pompey
Roman military commanders
Became deeply involved in politics after 133 BCE
Julius Caesar was
Assassinated by leading senators convinced his death would restore the public
Crassus was killed in battle, Caesar defeated Pompey and was later assassinated, Octavian defeated Antony, who committed suicide, and Octavian attained sole power and was named a Augustus. As a result of the preceding, the traditional Roman Republic
Ended
Octavian established the
praetorian guard to guard him and his successors
A development during the period of Julio-Claudian rule was that emperors
Acted more openly as real rulers than as “first citizens of the state.”
Under the reigns of the five “good emperors”,
The range of responsibilities that were affected by the policies of the emperors increased
As time went on, the governing classes of the Empire
Were are made up of more and more provincial inhabitants
As a prospered, the early Roman empire saw
The development of a large gap between rich and poor
Roman literature reached
Its Highpoint in the age of Augustus
Rome’s greatest lyric poet was
Catullus
The greatest epic poet of the late Republic was
Virgil
In addition to the construction of massive buildings, the Romans also built
Aqueducts
Roman jurist were able to provide a systematic framework for Roman law because
Of the universality of the law of nations
During the centuries of Roman history, the republic to empire, the paterfamilias’ authority
Decreased
The gladiatorial games were deemed vital by the government
At it diverted the mass of the population from potentially dangerous political or riotus activities
Traditional Roman religion involved
Worship of a variety of officially recognized Gods
Religious groups in the Roman empire included a number of mystery religions
Which offered immortality as a result of a sacrificial death of a savior God
Pharisees were among the
Jewish population of Judea
The basic message of Jesus of Nazareth was the
People should love God and each other
The reason why Jesus was denouncing crucified was that the
Conservative religious leaders feared her threatened their traditional religion
The key figure in the spread of Christianity outside the Jewish community was
Paul of Tarsus
The good news concerning Jesus was contained in the written
Gospels
Roman antagonism toward Christianity was deepened by
Christian rejection of Roman religious practices
The success of Christianity is widely believed by historians to have been due to its
Promise of salvation, it’s familiarity, and is universality
The first Christian emperor of the Roman empire was
Constantine
Under______________, christianity was made the official religion of the Roman empire
Constantine
The zealots were
Militant extremist who advocated the violent overthrow of Romes Rule
Signs of the Roman decline were manifested by
A series of civil wars and barbarian invasions
In comparison to Han China, in the Roman empire
Merchants who were more highly regarded
A fundamental difference between the Roman empire and China’s Han empire was the
essentials of the Han Empire were repllicated by later dynasties but the Roman Empire dissappered except as an idea
In comparison to Greece, Italy had feweer rugged mountains and possessed more productive agricultural lands.
TRUE
So many Greeks settled in northern Italy that it became known as Magna Graecia.
FALSE