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UHL2412–English for Academic Communication–Unit 4–Learning Tasks Introduction to argumentative essay I) Pre-listening task: Instruction: In groups of 4/5, discuss and work out the structure of an argumentative essay, which is different from other types of essays. Your group leader has to report the structure to the whole class. II) Listening task: a) Watch the following video on ‘argumentative essay’. Take notes while watching. http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=R3fCIuX7BMc b) The video will be played again.

This time check your notes. c) Referring to your notes, answer all questions below. Write your answers on the lines provided. ANSWERS 1. Structure of academic essay:___________________________________________________ 2. Structure of 5-paragraph essay: ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Structure of argumentative essay: _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 4. Chosen topic:______________________ 5. Debatable statement:_________________________________________________________ 6. Chosen position statement:_____________________________________________________ 7. My positioning statement:______________________________________________________ Reasons for disagreeing: i)_____________________________________________________________________ i)_____________________________________________________________________ iii)____________________________________________________________________ 8. Pattern of topic sentence:__________________________________________________ 9. Refutation: We must refute the ____________________of this argument. We need a transition signal ______________________to introduce the refutation. III) Post-listening task Task: Write an argumentative essay on “Facebook is better than emailling’. The following headings can help you complete your essay. A) INTRODUCTION

Background information: __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Thesis statement: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ B) SUPPORTING EVIDENCE PARAGRAPH #1 Topic sentence: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Concluding sentence: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ C) SUPPORTING EVIDENCE PARAGRAPH #2 Topic sentence: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Concluding sentence: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ D) SUPPORTING EVIDENCE PARAGRAPH #3 Topic sentence: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Concluding sentence: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ E) COUNTERARGUMENT PARAGRAPH __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Concluding sentence: _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ F) CONCLUSION PART 1: SUM UP PARAGRAPH __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ G) CONCLUSION PART 2: YOUR “SO WHAT” PARAGRAPH _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Paraphrasing Exercise Direction: Write a paraphrase of each of the following passages on the lines provided. 1. Of the more than 1000 bicycling deaths each year, three-fourths are caused by head injuries. Half of those killed are school-age children. One study concluded that wearing a bike helmet can reduce the risk of head injury by 85 percent. In an accident, a bike helmet absorbs the shock and cushions the head.

From “Bike Helmets: Unused Lifesavers,” Consumer Reports (May 1990): 348. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2.

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While the Sears Tower is arguably the greatest achievement in skyscraper engineering so far, it’s unlikely that architects and engineers have abandoned the quest for the world’s tallest building. The question is: Just how high can a building go? Structural engineer William LeMessurier has designed a skyscraper nearly one-half mile high, twice as tall as the Sears Tower. And architect Robert Sobel claims that existing technology could produce a 500-story building. From Ron Bachman, “Reaching for the Sky. ” Dial (May 1990): 15. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Identifying the main idea Task: Read the following paragraph and identify the main idea.

Write down in your own words what you are able to conclude from the information. “The rules of conduct during an examination are clear. No books, calculators or papers are allowed in the test room. Proctors will not allow anyone with such items to take the test. Anyone caught cheating will be asked to leave the room. His or her test sheet will be taken. The incident will be reported to the proper authority. At the end of the test period, all materials will be returned to the proctor. Failure to abide by these rules will result in a failing grade for this test. ” ANSWERS i) Which sentence indicates the main idea? _____________________________________ ii) Your conclusion: ____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Supporting Details Top of Form [pic][pic][pic][pic][pic][pic][pic]Directions: Read the following paragraphs. Each consists of a stated main idea and several details. Since there is more than one detail, you will select more than one answer. CIRCLE YOUR ANSWERS. | | [pic] Passage One The topic of this paragraph is personal digital assistants.

Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are small, hand-held electronic organizers that come in a range of prices and capabilities. These lightweight computers are usually operated with a stylus, a special “pen. ” The most basic, inexpensive PDAs have monochromatic screens. They can be used to organize and store contact information, such as names, phone numbers, and email addresses. More expensive models have colour screens and offer computer-like applications. For example, you can manage email and create documents. In addition, they include a calendar function that allows you to keep track of appointments and events. They feature the ability to play video and audio files. The most expensive PDAs also offer a phone function, including text messaging. [pic][pic] | |[pic] | |a) |Which of these are supporting details in the paragraph? | | | | | |Personal digital assistants (PDAs) are small, hand-held electronic organizers that come in a range of prices and | | |capabilities. | | |They can be used to organize and store contact information, such as names, phone numbers, and email addresses. | | |More expensive models have colour screens and offer computer-like applications. | | |The most expensive PDAs offer a phone function, including text messaging. | | | | | | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | | | |[pic] | | | | | |b) |The purpose of the major details in this paragraph is to give | | | | | |reasons to buy a colour PDA. | | |differences between inexpensive and expensive PDAs. | | |the procedure for buying a PDA. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | [pic] Passage Two The topic of this paragraph is eating nutritious food. Are you in the habit of skipping breakfast? Breakfast is important; it gets your metabolism going. Then spread your remaining calories throughout the rest of the day by eating a wholesome lunch, nutritious snack, and balanced dinner. Eating this way keeps your metabolism high. You are also less likely to binge on junk food. You will have more energy and feel better if you eat nutritious food at least every four hours. [pic][pic] | |[pic] | |a) | |Which of these are supporting details in the paragraph? | | | |Breakfast is important; it gets your metabolism going. | |Then spread your remaining calories throughout the rest of the day by eating a wholesome lunch, nutritious snack, and balanced dinner. | |Eating this way keeps your metabolism high. | |You will have more energy and feel better if you eat nutritious food at least every four hours. | | | | | | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |[pic] | |b) |The purpose of the major details in this paragraph is to give | | | | | |reasons for eating healthy food a throughout the day and how to do it. | | |examples of nutritious meals and snacks that can be eaten throughout the day. | | |suggestions for making healthier food choices. |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | [pic] Passage Three The topic of this paragraph is college campuses and criminal activity and violence. College campuses can be the site of criminal activity and violence, so they require the same level of caution and awareness that you would use in other situations. Keep in mind that 80% of campus crimes are committed by one student against another student. Also, alcohol or drug use is involved in 90% of campus felonies. Drinking or drug use can affect judgment and lower inhibitions, so be aware if you or another person is under the influence. [pic][pic] | |[pic] | |a) |Which of these are supporting details in the paragraph? | | | | | |College campuses can be the site of criminal activity and violence, so they require the same level of caution and | | |awareness that you would use in other situations. | | |Keep in mind that 80% of campus crimes are committed by one student against another student. | | |Also, alcohol or drug use is involved in 90% of campus felonies. | | |Drinking or drug use can affect judgment and lower inhibitions, so be aware if you or another person is under the | | |influence. | | | | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | |[pic][pic] | | | |[pic] | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |b) |The purpose of the major details in this paragraph is to | | | | | |suggest ways of making college campuses safer. | | |contrast college campuses with other places. | | |explain why people need to be alert to possible criminal activity and violence on college campuses. | | | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | |[pic] | | | (Source: http://highered. mcgrawhill. com/sites/0073123587/student_view0/chapter9/supporting_details__exercise_1. html)Bottom of Form Contextual Clues Instruction: Read the following article on ‘Changing Plants’ and work out the meanings of the chosen words (1-10) through contextual clues.

Write down the clues on the line provided. You are not allowed to use a dictionary. Changing Plants: New Life Forms The life cycle affects all living things, so the topic has always interested people. Scientists study different life forms and ways to extend life. Some people even work to change life forms. Read about them in this article. New Few people know the name of Dr. Anders Dahl. He died over two centuries ago. Yet Dahl achieved a type of (1) immortality through a flower that bears his name: the dahlia. Like many other plants, the dahlia has changed over the years. People like Dahl are responsible for many of those changes. Dahl’s field was (2) botany.

In his lifetime, botany was often practiced in far-off jungles, forests, and meadows. It didn’t take place in laboratories, where much of it takes place now. Botanists in the 1700s travelled around the world. They visited distant places, such as China, collecting plants that were (3) indigenous to those countries. Many flowers came from other lands. Scientists collected these plants and took them back to their own countries. Today, these flowers are found in the United States. However, many have changed. Over the years, scientists have (4) enhanced the plants’ best features and reduced the worst ones. For example, zinnias are now large, colourful flowers. However, the (5) progenitors of today’s zinnias were

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