Software

Software

System software
works with end users, application software, and computer hardware to handle the majority of technical details
T/F: System software is a single program:
False, it is a collection of programs that handle hundreds of technical details with little to no user intervention
Operating Systems
Coordinate computer resources, provide an interface between users and the computer, and run applications
Utilities
Perform specific tasks related to managing computer resources
Device drivers
Are specialized programs that allow particular input or output devices to communicate with the rest of the computer system
Language translators
Convert the programming instructions written by programmers into a language that computers understand and process
What type of software works with users, application software, and computer hardware to handle the majority of technical details?
system
The programs that convert programming instructions written by programmers into a language that computers understand and process are language:
translators
The ability to switch between different applications stored in memory is called:
multitasking
Graphic representation for a program, type of file, or function:
icon
This operating system feature is controlled by a mouse and changes shape depending on its current function.
chrome
The mobile operating system developed by Apple and originally called iPhone OS:
iOS
A utility program that copies all files in the libraries, contacts, favorites and on the desktop:
file history
A troubleshooting utility that identifies and eliminates nonessential files, frees up valuable disk space, and improves system performance:
disk cleanup
Windows makes it easy to update drivers with Windows:
update
This system software coordinates computer resources, provides an interface between users and the computer, and runs applications.
operating system
Starting or restarting a computer is called:
booting
Type of operating system that is totally stored within a device and used for cable and satellite television tuner boxes, video game systems, and other small electronics.
embedded
The operating system is often referred to as the software environment or the software
platform
An approach in which a single physical computer can support multiple operating systems that operate independently.
hosting
A Mac operating system released in 2012 with a user interface very similar to the interface used with tablets and smartphones with functionality similar to Windows 8.
chrome
A utility program included with Windows that makes a copy of all files that are in the libraries, contacts, favorites and desktop.
file history
Developed by Apple, based on Mac OS and is used as the platform for the iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad.
iOS
A Windows utility program that locates and eliminates unnecessary fragments and rearranges files and unused disk space to optimize operations.
disk defragmenter
Dangerous programs that you can “catch” in a variety of ways including opening e-mail attachments and downloading software from the Internet.
virus
Programs that perform specific tasks related to managing computer resources.
utilities
Restarting a running computer without turning off the power.
warm boot
Type of operating system that controls and coordinates networked computers.
NOS
An operating system is often referred to as the software environment or software
platform
Switching between different applications
multitasking
A type of software that allows a single physical computer to operate as though it were two or more separate and independent computers.
virtualization
Mobile operating system that is owned by Google and is widely used in many smartphones.
android
Type of program that guards computer systems from viruses and other damaging programs.
antivirus
If a file cannot be saved on a single track, it has to be
fragmented
Program that works with the operating system to allow communication between a device and the rest of a computer system is called a device
driver
Programs that allow particular input or output devices that work with the operating system to allow communication between the device and the rest of the computer system.
device drivers
Operating systems allow users to interact with application programs and computer hardware through a user
interface
This type of interface uses graphical elements such as icons and windows.
gui
In a ribbon gui these divide menus into major activity areas.
tabs
While there are hundreds of different operating systems, there are only three basic categories: network, stand-alone, and
embedded
Like application software suites, __________ suites combine several programs into one package.
utility
Originally developed by a graduate student at the University of Helsinki, Linus Torvalds, this operating system is a popular and powerful alternative to Windows.
linux
_____________ was purchased by Google and is a widely used mobile OS.
Android
Utility program that reduces the size of files so they require less storage space and can be sent more efficiently over the Internet.
file compression
Wizard that provides step-by-step guidance for selecting hardware drivers and installing drivers.
add a device
Applications (also called Programs)
instructions for the computer on how to do certain functions under the control of the operating system
operating system
set of instructions that controls all hardware on computers
who cares who runs your device
everyone else has to go through the devices to get them to you
microsoft
sell software
apple
sell hardware
google
sell data
windows controls an
open system
macintosh OS X
controls a closed system
linux
open source operating system
open source
anyone can have source code ex: ubuntu
OS (google) is built using
Linux
open system
No one owns the rights to making a computer with that operating system installed on the computer, often cheaper w/ more malware
closed system
Someone dose own the rights to making a computer with that operating system on the computer, more reliable product, more expensive
windows runs an open system
mac runs a closed system
chrome runs a closed system
new user interface?
software
a set of instructions for a computer to follow to accomplish a task
two main types of software
operating system and applications