Speech chapter 5

Speech chapter 5

___________ is a method of generating ideas for speech topics by free association of words and ideas.
Brainstorming
When your general purpose is to ____________, you act as a teacher or lecturer.
inform
When you want to change or structure the attitudes of your audience, your general purpose is to ____________.
persuade
The ____________ is a single infinitive phrase that states precisely what a speaker hopes to accomplish in her or his speech.
specific purpose statement
The ____________ is a one-sentence statement that sums up or encapsulates the main points of a speech.
central idea
The central idea of a speech is usually formulated before the specific purpose.
False
“To persuade my audience that the U.S. space program provides many important benefits to people here on earth” is an example of a(n)
specific purpose statement
Identify the flaw in the following specific purpose statement: “Why should the university raise tuition?”
It’s expressed as a question
Identify the flaw in the following specific purpose statement: “To persuade my audience that Congress should ban smoking in public places and increase spending for education.”
It contains two unrelated ideas
Identify the flaw in the following central idea for a speech: “Something should be done about global warming.”
It’s too vague
Although the specific purpose statement for a speech should not be phrased as a question, it is acceptable to phrase the central idea as a question.
False
The ____________ is what a speaker wants the audience to remember after it has forgotten everything else in a speech.
residual message
What is the central idea of a speech with the following main points?
I. Isabel Baumfree was born into slavery in the state of New York during the 1790s.
II. After undergoing a conversion experience and changing her name to Sojourner Truth, she began preaching during the 1840s.
III. Over the next few decades, she became a celebrated speaker for various reform causes.
Sojourner Truth was born into slavery, underwent a conversion experience, and became a speaker for various reform causes.
The central idea for a speech should be stated as a full sentence.
True