Final Exam Study Guide Questions will come directly from this material Elements What are the seven elements of music and identify them; Tempo-(speed), Melody-(tune), Dynamics-(range), Rhythm-(beat), Form-(how its composed), Meter-(organization), Harmony-(flow) Composers Be able to give appropriate stylistic periods, identify major works as listed in the book for each and notable innovations (i. . – Bach was considered a master of the cantata form, Hildegard von Bingen wrote chant music) * Hildegard von Bingen- medieval/ O successors/ first woman composer * Mozart- Classical/ Don Giovanni/ He wrote masterpieces in his time * Beethoven- classical/ Symphony no. / influenced composers throughout the 19th century * Vivaldi- baroque/ The Four Seasons/ he was a violin teacher for a school for orphaned or illegitimate girls * Haydn- classical/ The creation/ he played a big role in improving the string quartet and symphony * Machaut- medieval/ Puis qu’en oubli/ first important composers whose works survived * J. S. Bach – baroque/ Concerto in No. 5 in D Major/ gave the harpsichord its first solo * Handel- baroque/ Messiah/ he wrote a number of brilliant operas * Brahms- nationalism/ symphony no. / he was a romantic that breathed new life into classical stylings * Schubert- romantic/ Erlkonig/ he didn’t mingle with aristocracy * Tchaikovsky- nationalism/ Romeo and Juliet/ most famous Russian composer * Dvorak- nationalism/ From the new world/ was a leading composer of nationalistic music * Verdi –nationalism/ Rigoletto/ was famous for his operas * Puccini- nationalism/ La Boheme/ created some of the most best loved operas * Schoenberg- 20+ Expressionism/ A survivor from warsaw/ developed the 12 tone system * Babbit- Gershwin – 20+/ Rhapsody in blue/ wrote jazz and orchestral works * Copland – 20+/ billy the kid/ famous American folklore composer * Joplin-20+/ ragtime music/ famous for ragtime music Styles Be able to describe and identify when each style/compositional technique was first developed * Chant- a flexible rhythm without meter and little sense of beat/ 600A.
D. -1300 * Motet- polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text / 1450-1600 * Madrigal- is a composition for several voices set in a secular poem/ 1562-1563 * Fugue- polyphonic composition based on one main theme / 1600-1750 * Oratorio- a large composition for a chorus / 1600-1750 Opera- is a drama that is sung to an orchestral accompaniment / – * Symphony- is an orchestral composition with 4 movements / – * String Quartet- is a composition for two violins, viola, and a cello / developed during the classical period * Jazz- music rooted and characterized by a syncopated rhythm/ 1900s * Impressionism- a style that stresses tone color/ 1800-1900 * American Musical- ? -? * Blues- flatted noted in a scale in early forms of jazz/ 1910 * Sonata- a instrumental composition in several movements for one to eight players/ –