The Effects of Childhood Trauma Impacts

Abstract A common theme Northern Ohio Recovery Association have identified is how inappropriate behavior affects children systems education, mental health, child welfare, juvenile justice, and substance abuse. Trauma, the experience of an event by a person that is emotionally painful or distressful which often results in lasting mental and physical effects. This research proposal will attempt to measure how many youth’s at Northern Ohio Recovery Association Positive Action Program, have had effects of childhood traumatic maltreatment and how it impacts delinquent behaviors.

The data collection is from SoQuic assessment tool. It will be completed at Northern Ohio Recovery Association facility. The outcome of this proposal will suggest that the youth entering the agency had some form of childhood traumatic maltreatment that caused delinquent behaviors. The number of participants will be according to the Facilitator Administration decision during the six-month treatment time period. Statement of the Problem Children exposed to traumatic maltreatment increases delinquent behavior.

According to the U. S. Department of Justice the rate of youth involvement in the juvenile system in the United States has increase and continues to grow. However, it shows that youth in the rural communities are experiencing identical delinquent crimes as urban youth (U. S. Department of Justice, 1965-1992). The widespread and nature of crimes that is being committed by our youth are very important issues that needs behavioral modification treatment.

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These societal problems will indeed boost the crime rate, health cost, housing, and homelessness, which in turn will have the taxpayers, pay an additional cost for the reentry of these juveniles. There are so many youth who have been effected by trauma the significance and purpose of the study is rebuilding intervention program and focusing on the needs of youth. Literature Review According to DSM-V conduct disorder is a behavioral and emotional disorder of childhood and adolescence. Children with conduct disorder act inappropriately, infringe on the rights of others, and violate the behavioral expectations of others.

One of the most effective courses of treatment for teenagers at NORA is behavior modification programs. They are designed to help the youth be able to make better choices. Dembo, Richard; Winters, Ken; Belenko, Steven; Gulledge, Laura (2007) looked at Truant youths represent an important target group for addressing drug use and related problems, and lowering risk for moving into the juvenile justice system. We are implementing and evaluating a brief intervention (BI) for truant youths brought to a Tampa, FL Truancy Center by law enforcement.

We plan to enroll 300 official non-delinquent and minor delinquent truants and their parents in this NIDA funded Stage 2 clinical trial. The BI is grounded in Rational-Emotive Therapy and Behavior Problem Solving Therapy. Three groups will be compared: (1) a 2-session youth only condition (BI-Y), (2) a 2-session youth and 1-session parent condition (BI-YP), and (3) a standard truancy services (STS) condition. The impact of these service conditions on drug use and related behaviors (e. g. , delinquent behavior) will be assessed up to 18 months, involving five data collection points.

We hypothesize that both the BI-Y and BI-YP conditions will reveal significant intervention effects compared to the STS group, and that BI-YP participants will reveal greater treatment effects compared to BI-Y, based on the expectation that enhanced parenting will favorably impact intervention effects. We report on the design, implementation and some preliminary results from this study. Schram, Pamela J. ; Gaines, Larry K (2007) examined Most research indicates that males comprise the greatest proportion of gang members. Since the 1990s, however, there has been an increasing interest in female gangs and gang members.

The current study builds on this research interest by examining differences between female gang members and non-gang members who participated in a juvenile probation program designed to identify and intervene with youth considered to be high risk for subsequent criminal and delinquent activity. The results of a logistic regression analysis revealed that two factors significantly influenced a female offender’s likelihood of being rearrested: she did not complete the program, and she did not live with her natural parent(s).

We conclude that the significant results do support findings from previous research in this area; we also discuss possible explanations as to why other factors were not significantly related to rear rests. In an identical review Greenwood, Peter (2007) explains how Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) involves the use of scientific data to guide intervention designs and decisions. A number of approaches to (EBP) for delinquent and dependent youth are being tested and marketed. All are facing varying degrees of difficulty with issues such as program transfer, model fidelity, funding, certification, and growth.

This presentation will draw on the experiences of some of the leading private providers and program developers who have been dealing with these issues for a number of years. Salvatore, Christopher; Hiller, Matthew; Samuelson, Benta; White, Elise (2007) examined Although the first juvenile drug court was established over a decade ago, compared to adult drug courts, relatively little research has been published on these programs and many question whether this intervention for drug-involved youth is a useful addition to the juvenile justice system.

Recently, however, findings from a randomized study showed that a juvenile drug court (including modifications for including Multisystem Theory and Contingency Management) reduced the during-program delinquent behavior compared to youth in traditional family court. These findings suggest that it is important to develop a fuller understanding of the program impact theory and services delivery model of extant juvenile drug court programs (particularly as components of on-going evaluation activities.

The current paper presents findings from a year-long process evaluation of a large juvenile treatment court serving inner city youth on the East Coast. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected through participant observation, in-depth surveys, and focus groups to describe the theory behind the implementation of the program as well as the logical sequencing of specific types of services for helping youth to achieve both short-term and long-term goals, including remaining free from new adjudications, reducing and eliminating the use of illicit drugs, increase performance in school, and for becoming “productive” members of society.

A logic model of the program linking characteristics of the target population to services and subsequent outcomes will be discussed as well as initial findings regarding participant compliance in the program. Research Question/ Hypothesis The hypothesis the effects of childhood trauma impacts juvenile delinquent is supported by research findings. (1) do the effects of childhood traumatic maltreatment impacts youth becoming delinquent?

Using quantitative methods using the agency SoQuic assessment tool by the direct service management team to provide accurate information about the Bio-psychosocial history of the children engage in the program. 1. Dependent Variable= Impacts juvenile delinquent 2. Independent Variables= Effects of childhood traumatic maltreatment The relationship between these two variables suggests that the independent variable is a cause of the dependent variable. Therefore, effects of childhood traumatic maltreatment are reason for increase juvenile delinquent. B.

Our hypothesis we believe is true based on the literature concerning the effects of childhood traumatic maltreatment impacts juvenile delinquent because children who have been expose to maltreatment tends to engage in juvenile delinquent behaviors. C. The Null hypothesis is: The effects of childhood traumatic maltreatment have no difference on juvenile delinquent Research Design The type of design we will use to test our hypothesis is the classic experimental design. We chose this type of design because we already know the relationship between the variables.

However, we wanted to find out if this relationship could show a cause in the impacts of juvenile delinquency. We will have two groups of thirty youths’ who have engaged in delinquent behaviors. One of these groups will receive positive action (e. g. behavioral modification) intervention group and individual therapy related to delinquent behaviors and the other will not. The therapy will provide counseling on the following areas: degree of youth’s behaviors that evokes conflicts, behavior response expectations, and supportive services provided.

The experimental group will receive this therapy for six months. Pretreatment therapy will be provided to engage, observe, and measure patterns of social norms with respect to parental authority. Counselors will be on hand to assist. Discharge process will take place after the six months is up the youths will be individually interviewed about the behavioral modification intervention in the previously mentioned areas once more. The study we are going to conduct also has some strength.

Since we randomly select sample into two groups of youths, we are assured of being able to generalize our findings from the sample to the population. Due to the fact that our study is experimental, this means that our design is more rigorous and is more controlling for some internal validity concerns. In addition, the design controls for all of the internal validity concerns except for testing effects because we will only measure the change in the experimental and control group once rather than repeatedly. Sampling

The study population is the effects of childhood traumatic maltreatment impacts juvenile delinquent. We will use stratified random sampling in our experiment. We will have sixty youths in our sample and split them into two groups. Each of the groups will have as follows: presenting problems, living situation, social history information, education history, mental health treatment history, current medication information, past psychotropic medications, alcohol/drug history, alcohol/drug treatment history, legal history, abuse history, problem check list including functional domains, and suicidal history.

Measurement Operational of the variables shows delinquent youth in this study will be measured by SoQuic assessment tool upon intake at the facility. We are concerned with test-retest reliability since we will be asking self reporting questions for both of the interviews. We will still need to be concerned with interobserver reliability if there is a difference between the different interviewers. Our experiment has face validity due to the fact that our reliable measures make

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