The Factors that Contribute to Effective Use of iPads with PMLD Pupils
This chapter will discuss the background, the scope and the need for the present study highlighting the research questions raised that will the study will attempt to answer. The present study focuses on pupils with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD) and how with the use of technology in the form of iPads these pupils can be effectively taught. In other words, what factors can contribute towards the effective use of iPads in Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD) pupils.
The field of special education and learning has advanced tremendously through the past decades and sub-branches have developed wherein specialists have discovered and realised the various learning disabilities amongst children. Children with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD) present ample challenges for teachers. Technology in this regard has several solutions to offer to aid in effective teaching and learning as a part of effective teaching aid, technology in the form of inventions such as iPads comes to rescue and enable more productive teaching and learning (Davis and Florian, 2004). Pupils need one-to-one help and iPads can allow pupils to refrain from being thrown down on or chewed down on the floor and enable them to stay on the table in the classroom. However, the effective use of iPads remains a question unanswered in the present research literature.
Scope of the Study
This section will discuss and explain the scope of the study entailing how the conclusions drawn from the findings and the answers of the research questions found will provide implications to improve the practical scenario for teachers dealing with pupils with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD).
The present study attempts the fill the gap in literature that exists with regard to the use of iPads in enabling more productive and effective teaching and learning amongst pupils with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD). The implications of the study will allow teachers to practice more effective teaching strategies and improve learning and participation amongst pupils with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD) using iPads.
This section will briefly state the research question that the study will attempt to answer using primary and secondary research findings.
The main research question raised in the study is:
What are the factors that contribute to effective use of iPads with PMLD pupils?
This section will discuss the limitations of the research in terms of the findings and the implications to be drawn from the research.
This section will investigate and critically discuss the theoretical underpinnings of the subject area to raise questions regarding the existing literature that are presently unanswered and provide a theoretical framework to allow for answering the research question raised. The literature review of the present study will revolve around the theoretical perspectives on teaching pupils with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD), the teaching strategies adopted based on the existing research findings and developments and the recent technological developments and their involvement in the field of special education.
The literature review will point towards the need to investigate the scope of and the use of iPads in special education of pupils with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD) further backed with the theoretical framework supporting the teaching strategies to be embedded in the effective use of iPads in classrooms. The literature review will draw out the usefulness of iPads in the form of the applications that can be utilized in teaching and engaging PMLD pupils in classrooms and then testing this theoretical finding using primary data collection to draw conclusions and implications for teachers. Following this plan of action for the literature review, the chapter will be divided in the following sections:
Theoretical Perspectives on PMLD Teaching and Learning
In this section of the literature review, the theories related to PMLD teaching will be focused on to develop a background to the existing development in the field and shed light on the aspects that form the foundation of the present study and support the need for further exploration.
Effective Teaching Strategies and Tools for PMLD Pupils
In this section, the contemporary practice of teaching PMLD pupils will be investigated using secondary information obtained from books and research journals to capture strengths and weaknesses and identity a need for further investigation and development.
Applications on iPads for Special Education of Pupils with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD)
In this section, the advancements in the technology and how they have come to aid in learning of PMLD pupils will be critically evaluated in this section focusing entirely on iPads.
This chapter will discuss the methodology chosen for the present study and provide justifications for selecting it. Action research strategy is the prime research strategy to be used. Primary as well as secondary sources of data will be used to capture the information required to answer the research question raised. The chapter will discuss and explain what action research entails and provide brief explanations of the primary and secondary sources of information. The chapter will further discuss the sampling technique used and the sample size. Further, the research instrument to be used will also be discussed.
The research strategy of action research will be discussed here. Action research involves a practical approach to research inquiry in a social institution (Waters-Adams, 2006). Survey on teachers of 10 special schools using questionnaire will be used to investigate and collect the data and develop engagement profiles with pupils using specific applications.
Primary and secondary sources will be discussed here.
Sample Size and Sampling Technique
The sample size and sampling technique will be discussed here.
Analysis and Discussion
This chapter will present, analyse and discuss the findings of the study and draw answers for the research question.
This chapter will summarize the findings and draw out implications for the teachers to practice more effective teaching strategies and improve learning and participation amongst pupils with Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD) using iPads.
Davis, P. and Florian, L. (2004). ‘Teaching strategies and approaches for pupils with special
educational needs: A scoping study’. Department for Education and Skills. Available at http://www.education.gov.uk/complexneeds/modules/Module-1.1-Understanding-the-child-development-and-difficulties/All/downloads/m01p010c/II.teaching_strategies%20including_aspects_of_II.pdf. Accessed 3 August 2012.
Waters-Adams, S. (2006). Action Research in Education. Faculty of Education Plymouth.