The Roman Empire

The Roman Empire

Consuls
Chief magistrates of the ancient Roman Republic; now an official appointed by his government to live in a foreign city.
Patrician
Person of noble birth; aristocrat
Plebeian
Having to do with common people
Tribunes
Officials of ancient Rome, now any government official appointed to defend people and their rights.
Aqueduct
A artificial channel or large pipe for transporting water over long distances.
Anarchy
Disorder and confusion. Absence of government and law.
Mercenary
A soldier that serves in a foreign army for pay
Abbot
A monk who is chosen as head of a monastery
Arianism
Heresy named after Arius, a Greek priest who taught that Christ was not eternally God with the Father.
Diocese
Originally, a Roman district. In the middle ages, a district ruled by a bishop.
Heretic
A person who holds beliefs contrary to church doctrines
Hermit
A person that goes away from other people, and lives alone, often for religious reasons.
Metropolitan
Archbishop who presides over a church province
Patriarch
Highest ranking bishop in the Eastern or early Roman Catholic Church.
Regular clergy
Monks or religious men who followed a rule and took vows.
Secular clergy
Priests, bishops, and other church officials who were not bound by either a rule or by vows.
See
District under bishop’s authority
The three historical divisions of the Roman history are:
Empire, Pre-Republic, and Republic
Two brothers who, according to legend, are responsible for the founding of Rome were:
Romulus and Remus
The lifestyle of ancient Romans centered around the:
family
Romans practiced __________, meaning that a man married only one woman.
monogamy
The Twelve Tables were a written set of:
Laws
The number of Punic Wars was:
three
Rome’s adversary in the Punic Wars was:
Cartage
Latifundia were:
large estates
Before he became dictator of Rome, Julius Caesar was a famous:
soldier
Caesar was killed because of his belief in:
perpetual dictatorship
Rome borrowed much of its architecture from:
Greece
Circuses and bloody games were held in the Roman:
Colosseum
The work of the Senate was held in the ___________ in Rome.
Forum
Romans learned to carry huge amounts of water by building:
aqueducts
What two men ruled Rome after Julius Caesar’s death?
Octavian and Mark Antony
Mark Antony married Cleopatra, who was the queen of:
Egypt
At the height of trade in the empire, materials were imported from:
China and India
Pax Romana refers to an extraordinary ___________ years of peace for Rome.
200
____________ murderer; accused of setting fire to Rome.
_________ insane
_________ defeated Antony and Cleopatra
_________ scholar, philosopher, and soldier
_________ built a defensive wall in Britain
Nero
Caligula
Octavian
Marcus Aurelius
Hadrian
Why was Nero so famous?
He murdered many people
He was accused of burning Rome in A.D. 64
He persecuted Christians
Three conditions which led to a decline in the empire after A.D. 180 were:
leadership dispute, decline in trade hurt the economy, and mercenaries hired
Literature in Rome declined after the death of the emperor:
Augustus
The original basis of most legal systems today is Roman law.
True
Mercenaries are soldiers who fight for:
money
French, Italian, and Spanish languages and many English words are based upon the _________ language.
Latin
Diocletian tried to restore the economy with:
taxation and price controls
The most significant event of the Roman period was the birth, life, and death of Jesus Christ.
False
Not much has been written about the boyhood of Jesus.
True
Jesus was betrayed by Judas Iscariot, one of his own disciples.
True
Jesus was crucified by the Roman officials against the will of the people themselves.
False
Saul was an enthusiastic Christian from the beginning of his life; and his faith never wavered.
False
Paul took the gospel as far as Greece and Rome.
True
The gospel is a true account of historical events.
True
Inadequate trade routes and poor highway systems made it difficult for early Christians to spread the gospel.
False
Rome’s attitude toward Christians up to the time of Nero was:
tolerance
After the Nicene Creed, people began to believe that Jesus was the son of God.
True
_____________ A.D. 313
_____________ St. Jerome
_____________ heresy denying Christ’s divinity
_____________ father of Christian monasticism
_____________ accused Christians of burning Rome
Edict of Milan
the Vulgate
Arianism
Anthony of Egypt
Nero
The decline of the Roman Empire contributed to the expansion of Christianity.
True