U.S. History Chapter 16

U.S. History Chapter 16

The term Reconstruction refers to the
period immediately after the civil war
The escaped slave who captured a Confederate steamship and later went on to become a U.S. congressman was?
Robert Smalls
A minimal Reconstruction policy was favored by?
Lincoln
President Lincoln’s Reconstruction plans were committed to?
Speedy reconstruction and minimum changes in the south.
Most congressional Republicans believed?
former confederates thought slavery was wrong blacks shouldn’t be constricted
Lincoln’s response to the Wade-Davis Bill was to?
Stop it with a pocket veto.
The man who became president of the United States after Lincoln’s assassination was?
Andrew Johnson
As early as 1863, Lincoln proposed a plan for restoring southern state governments based of what percent of the voting population of 1860 taking a loyalty oath to the Union?
10
Which one of the following is an INCORRECT match?
thirteenth amendment- abolished slavery
Wade-Davis Bill- embodied presidential reconstruction
fourteenth amendment- made african americans citizens
tenure of office act- Johnson violated
fifteenth amendment- prohibited that you can’t deny right to vote based on race, color, etc.
Which of the following required 50 percent of southern voters to take an oat of loyalty to the Union before the southern states could regain their status as states?
Wade-Davis Bill
President Andrew Johnson was
A war democrat, not a great humanitarian, from Tennessee, unionist southerner, elected in Tennessee even though supported union
Which one of the following constitutional amendments abolished slavery?
thirteenth amendment
Andrew Johnson believed that Reconstruction should
guarantee southern ruling class would not regain power
In implementing Johnson’s plan, southern states did each of the following?
repealed secession, intend repudiate, confederate debt, ratify 13th amendment, passed black codes
Johnson’s Reconstruction plan
failed to break power of planters cities
Black Codes showed that
Southerners wanted blacks to return to their positions as servants
The first bill ever passed over a presidential veto was the
civil rights act of 1866
The congressional alternative to Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction program was the
fourteenth amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment stipulated that any state that denied the right to vote to African Americans would
lose congresional representation reduced preportionally
The Radical Republicans believed
that the rights of freedmen will be protected by federal government
Which of the following constitutional amendments attempted to give civil rights to the former slaves?
fourteenth amendment
Which of the following constitutional amendments was opposed by Andrew Johnson
fourteenth amendment
In the congressional elections of 1866
the results served as a referendum for the 14th amendment
Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner were
Radical leaders in congress
Which one of the following individuals was not a radical republican?
was: sumner, stevens, stanton, julian
not: Johnson
The South’s refusal to ratify the fourteenth amendment
forced republicans to abolish existing southern governments
The Reconstruction Acts
were actually less severe retreat from true radicalism
The First Reconstruction Act of 1867
placed the south under military rule
President Andrew Johnson was opposed by
Radical Republicans
Andrew Johnson was indicted by the House for his violation of the
Tenure of office act
Andrew Johnson’s acquittal on impeachment charges resulted from
the fears of being too much for congress
During Reconstruction, African Americans
divided/segregated communities
For the South, recovery from the devastation of the Civil War
would be long and hard, dependent on a new economic system
The legacy of Reconstruction for most African Americans was
poverty and discrimination
By the end of 1865, most freedmen had
returned to work on plantations
The federal agency designed to assist former slaves in making the economic adjustment to freedom was known as the
Freedmen Bureau
Which one of the following groups was not part of the southern coalition supporting Radical Reconstruction?
white planters
Northerners who moved South during Reconstruction were called
carpet baggers
Most southern African Americans who held political power during Reconstruction
concentrated their efforts on educational and political reform
The small number of African Americans elected to state or national office during the Reconstruction demonstrated on the average
more integrity and competence than their white counter parts
Ulysses S. Grant was not able to
resolve the problems of the time
The political party that kept the money issue alice into the 1880s was
Greenbacks labor party
What amendment to the Constitution states that no person could be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude?
15th amendment
Which of the following groups was disappointed by the Fifteenth Amendment
feminists
The organization that symbolized most vividly the “white backlash” of the Reconstruction era was
kkk
The warning of the radical organization shown above was aimed at all of the following groups
blacks, carpet baggers, radical republicans, scallowags, redeemers, freedmens bureau, agency officials
Liberal Republicans endorsed
reform of civilization
Who was a prominent Liberal Republican
Carl Schurz
Which of the following was not a scandal during the Grant Administration?
was: credit mobilier scandal, “whiskey ring” scandal, bell rap coverup, Indian trading post
not: teapot dome
The result of the disputed election of 1876 was significant because it
meant it was the end of reconstruction
The celebration of freed African Americans over their hard-won rights was short lived due to the white southern state legislatures passing of the
Jim Crow Laws
The Redeemers believed
in the principles of Laissez fair and white supremacy