U. S. History Chapter 23 Section 1

The new deal
Relief for the needy
Economic recovery
Financial reform
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democrat. Distant cousin to former president Theodore Roosevelt. Served almost 4 terms as president. Died of polio.
The hundred days
Congress passed more than 15 major pieces of new deal legislation.
Expanded governments role in the economy.
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Fire side chats
Radio talks about issues of public concern, explaining in clear, simple language, new deal measures. (The first was about banking crisis)
Glass-Steagall act
Established the federal deposit insurance corporation (FDIC).
Federal deposit insurance corporation
(FDIC) Provided federal insurance for individual bank accounts, reassuring people that their money was safe.
FDR
“I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people.”
Federal securities act
Required corporations to provide complete information on all stock offerings and made them liable for any misrepresentations.
21st amendment
Repealed prohibition.
Agricultural adjustment act
(AAA) Sought to raise crop pieces by lowering production, which the government achieved by paying farmers to leave a certain amount of every acre of land unseeded.
Tennessee valley authority
(TVA) Focused on badly depressed Tennessee river valley. Renovated 5 existing dams and constructed 20 new ones, created 1000s of jobs and provided flood control, hydroelectric power, and other benefits to an impoverished region.
Civilian conversation corps
(CCC) Put young men aged 18 to 25 to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees, and helping in still-erosion and flood-control projects.
National Industrial recovery act
Established the public works administration and the national recovery administration.
The public works administration
(PWA) provided money to states to create jobs chiefly in the construction of schools and other community buildings.
National recovery administration
(NRA) st pieces of products and established standards. Aimed to promote recovery by interrupting the trend of wage cuts, falling prices and layoffs.
Deficit spending
Spending more money than the government receives in revenue.
Brain trust
People in FDR’s cabinet
Adolf Berle
“It must be remembered that by March 4th next we may have anything on or hands from a recovery to a revolution. The chance is about even either way.”
FDR
“The only thing we have to fear is fear itself”
FDR
“We need to do something. If it doesn’t work, admit it, and do something else, but we need to do something.”
Bank holiday
Banks were closed to recover and make sure they met specific bank standards.
FDR
“I can assure you that it is safer to keep your money in a reopened bank than under your mattress.”
Federal housing administration
(FHA) Furnished loans for home mortgages and repairs.
Harry Hopkins
Headed the FERA. Believed that whereas money helped people but food, it was meaningful work that enabled them to gain self-confidence and self-respect.
American liberty league
Opposed new deal measures that it believed violated respect for the rights of individuals and property.
Dr. Francis Townsend
Decided a pension plan that would provide monthly benefits to the aged.
Huey long
Senator of Louisiana. Proposed a social program called “share-our-wealth”that guaranteed children rights. Popular presidential candidate, but assassinated before he could run.
Dorothea Lange
Photographer. Documented American life during the depression and the new deal era.
Second new deal
The president called on congress to provide more extensive relief for both farmers and workers.
Eleanor Roosevelt
Traveled to different countries, observing social conditions and told her husband(FDR) about them. Encouraged him to appoint women to government positions.
Alfred Landon
Governor of Kansas. Republican candidate of the 1936 election.
Soil conservation and domestic allotment act
Paid farmers for cutting production of soil-depleting crops and rewarded farmers for practicing good soil conservation methods.
The resettlement administration
Provided loans to small farmers to buy land.
Farm security administration
Loaned more than$1 billion to help tenant farmers become land holders and established camps for migrant farm workers.
Works progress administration
(WPA) set out to create as many jobs as possible as quickly as possible.
National youth administration
(NYA) Created to provide education, jobs, counseling and recreation for young people. Provided student aid. In exchange, the students worked pay time at their schools.
Father Charles Coughlin
Priest. Held radio shows that spike is politics, economy and religion. Thought the new deal violated people rights. Wanted the government to run banks.
Corey packing
Filling the supreme court with judges who support what you want.
Frances Perkins
First female cabinet member.
Mary Bethune
Teacher advocating for the rights of young African American students.
Marian Anderson
Singer who was rejected from singing to the “daughters of the American revolution”because she was black. Dang in front of the Lincoln memorial instead(emancipation proclamation)
Social security act
Retired men and women are given Money. Younger people can supplied with the jobs the retired men and women no longer need.
Rural electrification administration
(REA) provided affordable electricity for isolated, rural areas(farms).
National labor relations board
(NLRB) mediated labor disputes. Established the Wagner act.
Wagner act
Reestablished the NIRA provision of collective bargaining. The federal government protracted the right of workers to join unions and engage in collective bargaining with employers. Prohibited unfair labor practices.
Fair labor standards act
Set maximum hours at 44 hours a week, set minimum wages at $0.25, set rules fit the employment of workers under 16 and banned hazardous work for those under 18
John Collier
Commissioner of Indian affairs
Indian reorganization act
Native American children can go to school on their reservation, returned land to tribes and prohibited government from taking it and tribal councils became Indian government.
New deal coalition
An alignment of diverse groups supporting the democratic party. Lewd to control of democratic government
Confess of individual organization
(CIO) Was under the American federation of labor but it separated over labor disputes.
Sit down strike
Peaceful strike. People SAT down in their jobs and did nothing until they received what they wanted.
Gone with the wind
(1939) perhaps the most popular film of the 1930s era.
Orson wells
Actor, director, producer and writer. Created one of the most renowned radio broadcasts of all time, “the war of the worlds”
Soap operas
Originally, Television shows usually sponsored by soap commercials.
The federal art project
Branch of the WPA. Paid arrests a living wage to produce public art. Aimed to increase public appreciation of art and to promote positive images of American society.
Grant wood
Painted the American gothic(the guy with the pitchfork)
Alphabet soup
All of the agencies and administrations in the new deal
Richard Wright
First successful African American author with success
Native son
A book by Richard Wright on an African American man living in that era where racism was still prevalent.
Parity price
A price intended to keep farmers’income steady
FDIC and SEC
Established to regulate backing and investment activities

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