U.S. History Chapter 5

means that the colonists didn’t think they should be taxed unless they had representation in the British Parliament
What does “no taxation without representation mean?
The Proclamation of 1763
prohibited the colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains
The Declaration of Independence
What U.S. document included a long list of colonial grievances against British King George the Third
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The Sugar Act of 1764
What act was passed by Parliament in order to stop smuggling between the colonies and the West Indies
The acts cause undue hardships for everyday necessities of life without giving the colonists a voice in government
The American colonists protested the Stamp Act of 1765, Townshend Acts 1767, Tea Act 1773, and the Coercive Acts 1774 because what?
unalienable rights
rights that can’t be taken away without due process of law
The Tea Act
What act eventually led colonists to board British ships and dump tea into Boston Harbor?
Boycotts, burning of effigies of King George and unpopular tax collectors, passing resolutions saying only the colonists had the right to tax its citizens, forming groups like the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty
Name four methods colonists used to protest unfair policies of the British government
The Stamp Act of 1765
What act placed a tax on newspapers?
Sons of Liberty
group of colonists led by Samuel Adams to help protest British taxes
Samuel Adams
Who helped start the Sons of Liberty
Daughters of Liberty
group of women who urged colonists to wear homemade fabrics and to produce their own goods, as well as boycott British goods in response to the Townshend Acts
Townshend Acts
Act that placed taxes on basic goods such as glass, tea, paper, and other goods the colonists couldn’t buy themselves
boycott
Refusal to buy goods or services from a particular company or nation
Boston Massacre
An event where British soldiers shot and killed five colonists who were protesting British soldiers occupying Boston
Crispus Attucks
A part Native-American part African who was killed at the Boston Massacre
riding through the streets yelling “the British are coming” and the Boston Massacre
Name two events paul Revere is associated with
Committees of Correspondence
an organization created by the colonists to circulate writings expressing their grievances toward the British government
Sons of Liberty, Boston Tea Party, and the Committees of Correspondence
Name three groups Samuel Adams is associated with
Tea Act of 1773
An act that lowered the tax on British East India Tea in an effort to convince the colonists to buy tea from the British East India Company without lowering the tax on other companies that sold tea
Coercive Acts
Harsh Laws intended to punish the colonists of Massachusetts for dumping the tea into Boston Harbor, this act also banned town meetings
tradition of self-rule, taxation without representation, Proclamation of 1763, and the Navigation Acts
Name four causes of the Revolutionary War
minute men
companies of civilian men who boasted that they would be ready to fight at a moments notice
Paul Revere and William Dawes
Name the two patriots who rushed to warn the colonists that the “regulars are out” or the British were coming
Lexington and Concord
Where were the first two battles of the Revolutionary War fought?
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Who wrote the Concord Hymn
The shot heard round the world
What famous saying is found in the Concord Hymn
The battle for America’s independence had begun and the other countries saw the growth of democracy in the world
What did the “shot heard round the world” signify
the British at a high cost
Who won the Battle of Bunker Hill
because the Americans were low on ammunition and had to make each shot count
Why did the American Colonel Prescott shout “don’t shoot before you see the whites of their eyes”
loyalist
Colonists loyal to King George and the British government
patriots
Colonists who wanted independence from Britain and were willing to fight to the gain that freedom
the Continental Army
The Continental congress created what to fight the British
George Washington
Who was the commander of the Continental Army?
Olive Branch Petition
An assurance to King George the Third that the colonists wanted peace and that the king protect the colonist’s rights
Abigail Adams
Who wrote to John Adams about American’s independence and equality to women?
Common Sense and An American Crisis
What two pamphlets did Thomas Paine write
For the colonists to become independent
What did Common Sense call for?
Thomas Jefferson
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
According to the Declaration of Independence give three examples of unalienable rights
It states that the colonists want to form a new government and why they want to form a new government
The first part of the Declaration of Independence explains what?
Natural Rights or Unalienable Rights
The second part of the Declaration of Independence talks about what?
grievances against King George the Third such as quartering of British soldiers, cutting of trade with other parts of the world, imposing taxes without the colonists’ consent, depriving colonists the right to trial by jury
The third part of the Declaration of Independence discusses what
Our independence from Great Britain
The final part of the Declaration of Independence declares what?
It is obvious
In the Declaration of Independence, what does self-evident mean?
that we are born with natural unalienable rights such as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
What did Thomas Jefferson mean by endowed by their creator?
Governments are created by men
Governments are instituted among Men is referring to what?
from the people
According to the Declaration of Independence, from where do governments receive their powers?

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