U.S History

U.S History

8 Alexander Hamilton’s proposal to create a national bank and Thomas Jefferson’s proposal to purchase the Louisiana Territory were criticized because both actions would
(1) place too much power in the hands of Congress
(2) violate protections in the Bill of Rights
(3) increase foreign influence in the United States
(4) require a loose interpretation of the
Constitution
(4) require a loose interpretation of the
Constitution
2 Which geographic area was added to the United States by the Louisiana Purchase?
(1) Appalachian Mountains
(2) Columbia River valley
(3) Great Plains
(4) Piedmont Plateau
(3) Great Plains
13 During the 1830s, the development of a national two-party political system was mainly the result of
(1) conflicts over the use of the Monroe Doctrine
(2) debates over the National Bank and tariffs (3) disputes over the Oregon boundary
(4) controversy over the Indian Removal Act
(2) debates over the National Bank and tariffs
… It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world; so far, I mean, as we are now at liberty to do it; for let me not be understood as capable of patronizing infidelity to existing engagements. I hold the maxim [principle] no less applicable to public than to private affairs, that honesty is always the best policy. I repeat it, therefore, let those engagements be observed in their genuine sense. But, in my opinion, it is unnecessary and would be unwise to extend them….
— President George Washington, Farewell Address, 1796
9 President Washington was offering this advice because he believed
(1) the destiny of the United States was to rule other countries
(2) the United States should seek alliances with other nations
(3) alliances could draw the United States into wars
(4) the United States should break its agreements with France
(3) alliances could draw the United States into wars
Whichheadingbestcompletesthepartialoutline below?
A. Creation of a national bank
B. Full funding of the national debt
C. Collection of an excise tax on whiskey
(1) The Spoils System
(2) The American System
(3) Hamilton’s Financial Plan
(4) Constitutional Amendments
(3) Hamilton’s Financial Plan
One reason President Thomas Jefferson supported the Louisiana Purchase was that he wanted to
(1) gain full control of the Mississippi River (2) establish a base for controlling the Caribbean
(3) maintain control of the slave trade
(4) acquire an established manufacturing region
(1) gain full control of the Mississippi River
13 A major reason President Thomas Jefferson authorized the Lewis and Clark expedition was to
(1) claim California for the United States
(2) explore a route to the Pacific Ocean
(3) remove British outposts from United States land
(4) establish settlements in the Southwest
(2) explore a route to the Pacific Ocean
The Louisiana Purchase (1803) was a foreign policy success for the United States primarily because it
(1) secured full control of Florida from Spain (2) ended French control of the Mississippi River
(3) ended British occupation of forts on American soil
(4) eliminated Russian influence in North America
(2) ended French control of the Mississippi River
5 Which action did Alexander Hamilton support during the 1790s?
(1) restrictions on trade with England
(2) distribution of free land
(3) creation of the national bank
(4) elimination of the whiskey tax
(3) creation of the national bank
6 Which power did the United States Supreme Court gain through the Court’s decision in Marbury v. Madison?
(1) judicial review
(2) hearing appeals from lower federal courts (3) deciding cases involving two or more states
(4) judicial independence through lifetime
appointments
(1) judicial review
7 One way in which the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (1798) and the South Carolina Ordinance of Nullification (1832) are similar is that each
(1) claimed that individual states have the right to interpret federal laws
(2) formed part of the unwritten constitution (3) supported the federal government’s power to declare war
(4) provided a way for new states to enter the
Union
(1) claimed that individual states have the right to interpret federal laws
1 Farmers in the Ohio River valley gained the greatest economic benefit when the United States acquired the
(1) Oregon Territory
(2) Gadsden Purchase
(3) Louisiana Territory
(4) Mexican Cession
(3) Louisiana Territory
8 One goal of Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan was the establishment of a
(1) stock exchange
(2) national sales tax
(3) federal income tax
(4) national bank
(4) national bank
9 What was one outcome of the Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803)?
(1) State governments could now determine the constitutionality of federal laws.
(2) The principle of judicial review was estab- lished.
(3) Congress expanded its delegated powers. (4) A method to approve treaties was developed.
(2) The principle of judicial review was estab- lished.
10 The Louisiana Purchase initially presented a dilemma for President Thomas Jefferson because he believed it would
(1) lead to war with Great Britain
(2) bankrupt the new nation
(3) force Native American Indians off their lands
(4) violate his strict constructionist view of the Constitution
(4) violate his strict constructionist view of the Constitution
12 President George Washington pursued a foreign policy of neutrality during his administration primarily because he believed that
(1) the United States needed time to gain economic and military strength
(2) treaties were prohibited by the Constitution
(3) the United States should not expand by force
(4) alliances should be established with both
France and England
(1) the United States needed time to gain economic and military strength
In his Farewell Address, President George Washington warned against establishing alliances with European countries because he was concerned primarily about
(1) restrictions on trade with Latin America (2) French colonization of the Caribbean
(3) United States involvement in foreign wars (4) protection of the western frontier
(3) United States involvement in foreign wars
9 A geographic and economic motivation for the Louisiana Purchase (1803) was the desire to
(1) annex California
(2) secure land for the Erie Canal
(3) control the port of New Orleans
(4) own all of the Great Lakes
(3) control the port of New Orleans
8 An about the War of 1812 would be a
example of a primary source of information
(1) battle plan for the attack on Fort McHenry (2) historical novel on the Battle of New Orleans
(3) movie on the life of President James Madison
(4) textbook passage on the naval engagements of the war
(1) battle plan for the attack on Fort McHenry
13 Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality (1793), Jefferson’s Embargo Act (1807), and the Monroe Doctrine (1823) were all efforts to
(1) avoid political conflicts with European nations
(2) directly support European revolutions
(3) aid Great Britain in its war against France (4) promote military alliances
(1) avoid political conflicts with European nations
In his Farewell Address, President George Washington advised the nation to avoid permanent alliances because he believed that the United States
(1) would risk its security by involvement in European affairs
(2) had no need for the products or markets of Europe
(3) possessed military power superior to any European
(4) needed to limit European immigration
(1) would risk its security by involvement in European affairs
13 The decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803) expanded the power of the Supreme Court by
(1) restricting the use of the elastic clause
(2) establishing the power of judicial review
(3) upholding the constitutionality of the
National Bank
(4) interpreting the interstate commerce clause
(2) establishing the power of judicial review
8 A major foreign policy success of President Thomas Jefferson’s administration was the
(1) purchase of the Louisiana Territory
(2) support for the Alien and Sedition Acts
(3) victory in the war of 1812
(4) passage of the Embargo Act
(1) purchase of the Louisiana Territory
One major reason that Alexander Hamilton proposed a national bank was to
(1) improve the economic position of the United States government
(2) help state governments collect taxes
(3) make loans available to owners of small farms
(4) reduce foreign investment in the United
States
(1) improve the economic position of the United States government
Which action during Washington’s administration led to the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania?
(1) passage of a new excise tax
(2) establishment of a presidential cabinet
(3) creation of the Bank of the United States (4) ban on slavery in the Northwest Territory
(1) passage of a new excise tax
7 The foreign policies of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe were similar in that they each
(1) supported wars against England
(2) failed to acquire new territory
(3) attempted to avoid involvement in European affairs
(4) aided the French in return for their help
during the Revolutionary War
(3) attempted to avoid involvement in European affairs
6 Thomas Jefferson opposed Alexander Hamilton’s plan to create a national bank primarily because the plan would
(1) weaken the nation’s currency
(2) increase the national debt
(3) promote the interests of farmers
(4) depend on a loose interpretation of the
Constitution
(4) depend on a loose interpretation of the Constitution
7 ” ‘Tis [It is] our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world. . . .”
— President George Washington, Farewell Address, 1796
The United States was able to follow this advice from President Washington for several decades primarily because of
(1) industrial and agricultural self-sufficiency (2) strong support from other Western
Hemisphere nations
(3) geographic isolation from Europe
(4)peaceful relations between the European powers
(3) geographic isolation from Europe
10 Which proposal was included in Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton’s financial plans in the 1790s?
(1) incentives to encourage agricultural expansion
(2) creation of a national bank
(3) direct taxes on the states to support government operations
(4) free trade with other nations
(2) creation of a national bank
11 President George Washington’s principal reason for issuing the Proclamation of Neutrality (1793) was to
(1) repay France for help in the Revolutionary War
(2) protect United States interests in the Caribbean area
(3) safeguard the newly won independence
(4) punish the British for failing to withdraw from American territory
(3) safeguard the newly won independence
12 The Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803) was important because it
(1) established the principle of judicial review (2) led to the reelection of President Thomas
Jefferson
(3) showed that the states were stronger than the federal government
(4) proved that the legislative branch was the
most powerful branch of government
(1) established the principle of judicial review
8 How did President George Washington react to the conflict between France and England in 1793?
(1) He used the opportunity to begin the war for American independence.
(2) He declared the neutrality of the United States.
(3) He aided the French because they had supported the American Revolution.
(4) He negotiated a peace settlement between the warring nations.
(2) He declared the neutrality of the United States.
12 A loose interpretation of the Constitution was applied when
(1) George Washington appointed John Jay to the Supreme Court
(2) John Adams signed the Alien and Sedition Acts
(3) Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory
(4) James Monroe delivered his State of the Union message
(3) Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory
13 One reason James Madison and Thomas Jefferson objected to Alexander Hamilton’s financial policies was that they believed
(1) the establishment of a national bank was unconstitutional
(2) a laissez-faire policy would not help the country’s economy
(3) the government should encourage industrial development
(4) high tariffs were needed to protect America’s economic interests
(1) the establishment of a national bank was unconstitutional
7 ConflictsbetweenJeffersoniansandHamiltonians during President George Washington’s first administration led directly to the
(1) end of the Era of Good Feelings
(2) decision to replace the Articles of Con-
federation
(3) addition of the elastic clause to the Constitution
(4) start of the first political parties
(4) start of the first political parties
7 In the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803), the Supreme Court increased its power by
(1) establishing the practice of judicial review
(2) upholding the presidential appointment
power
(3) expanding the meaning of individual liberties
(4) declaring the principle of states’ rights
unconstitutional
(1) establishing the practice of judicial review
One similarity in the foreign policies of Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe was that they
(1) favored France over England
(2) promoted colonial expansion
(3) came to the defense of Latin American
nations
(4) sought to avoid involvement in European
political struggles
(4) sought to avoid involvement in European
political struggles