Understand Child Development and Young Person Development – 1.1

CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young People’s Workforce (QCF) Unit Ref: L/601/1693 CYP Core 3. 1: Understand Child Development and Young Person Development Rosanna King Learning Outcome 1: Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years. Assessment Criteria 1. 1: Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years. Answer to 1. 1: Below I have explained the sequence and rate of each development from birth – 19 years old in great detail. 0-2 Years – Physical Development: The baby lies supine (1 month old) * The baby turns its head towards light and stares at bright and shiny objects (1 month old) * The baby can lift the head briefly from the prone position (1-4 months old) * Legs can kick vigorously both separately and together (1-4 months old) * The baby is beginning to use a palmer grasp and can transfer objects from hand to hand (4-6 months old) * The baby has good head control and is beginning to sit with support (4-6 months old) * The baby can roll from front to back (6-12 months old) The baby is very alert to people and objects (6-12 months old) * The baby will now be mobile, may be crawling, bear walking, bum shuffling and even walking (9-12 months old) * The baby may bounce is rhythm to the sound of music (9-12 months old) * The baby might be able to manage stairs and steps, but will need supervision (1-2 years old) * The baby can build afew bricks and arrange toys on the floor (1-2 years old) * The child can walk confidently and is able to walk without falling (1-2 years old) 0-2 Years – Communication Development: The baby responds to sounds, especially familiar voices (1 month old) * The baby makes eye contact (1 month old) The baby makes no-crying noises, such as cooing and gurgling (1-4 months old) * The baby cries with anger to show they are hungry, tired or need a nappy change (1-4 months old) * The baby begins to laugh and squeal with pleasure (4-6 months old) * The baby becomes more aware of others and start to communicate with them more and more (4-6 months old) * Babies begin to understand words like ‘up’ and ‘down’ raising their arms to be lifted up, using appropriate gestures (6-9 months old) * The baby can follow simple instructions e. . kiss teddy (9-12 months old) * The child begins to talk with words or sign language (1-2 years) * Child starts pointing and taking a real interest in books and enjoys looking at all the pictures and objects (1-2 Years) 0-2 Years – Intellectual and Cognitive: * The baby is sensitive to light (1 month old) The baby’s face, abdomen, hands and feet are very sensitive to touch (1 month old) * The baby recognises differing speech sounds (1-4 months old) * The baby can develop favourite tastes in food and recognise differences by five months (4-6 months old) * The baby prefers complicated things to look at from five to six months and enjoys bright lights (4-6 months) * The baby understands signs e. g. he bib means that the food is coming (6-9 months) * From 8 -9 months the baby shows that they know objects exist when they have gone out of sight (6-9 months) * The baby is beginning to develop images (9-12 months) * The baby gives some understanding of daily routine e. g. food, changing and then nap time (9-12 months old) * The child understands the names of objects and can follow a simple instruction (1-2 years old) * The child learns about things through trial and error (1-2 years) 0-2 Years – Social, Emotional and Behavioural: The baby often imitates certain facial expressions (1 month old) * The baby will smile is response to an adult (1-4 months old) * The baby stays awake for longer periods of time (1-4 months) * The baby shows trust and security (4-6 months old) * The baby has recognisable sleep patterns (4-6 months old) * The baby can manage to feed themselves using their fingers (6-9 months) * The baby is more aware of other people’s feelings, for example; they might cry and get sad if they see their brother or sister crying or sad. 6-9 months old) * The baby enjoys songs and action rhymes (9-12 months old) * The baby still likes to be near a familiar adult as appose to strangers (9-12 months old) * The child begins to have a longer memory (1-2 years old) * The child expresses their needs using words and gestures (1-2 years old) 0-2 Years – Moral: * Show joy by smiling, cooing and laughing when fed comfortable or safe. * No understanding of right or wrong starts to understand the word no. * Sensitive to adult approval and disapproval, despite tantrums and bursts of anger. -4 Years – Physical Development: * The child is very mobile and can run safely (2 years old) * The child can draw circles, lines and dots, using preferred hand (2 years old) * The child can jump from a low step (3 years old) * The child can build tall towers of bricks or blocks (3 years old) * The child has good spatial awareness (3 years old) 2-4 Years – Communication Development * Children are rapidly becoming competent speakers of the language they experience (2 years old) * The child can follow a simple instruction for example; “Could you bring me the spoon? ( 2 years old) * The child wants to share songs, dance and have conversations (2 years old) * The child might say “two times” instead of ‘twice’ and might say “I go there” instead of ‘I went there’ (3 years old) * The child loves to chat and ask alot of different questions (3 years old) 2-4 Years – Intellectual and Cognitive * The child can hold a crayon and move it up and down (2 years old) * The child talks about an absent object when reminded of it ( 2 years old) * The child pretend plays – often making up stories and characters ( 3 years ld) * The child represents events in drawings, models ect (3 years old) 2-4 Years – Social, Emotional and Behavioural: * The child begins to express how they are feeling (2 years old) * The child is learning how to dress themselves (2 years old) * The child is beginning to develop a gender role as they become aware of being male or female (3 years old) * The child makes friends and is interested in making new friends (3 years old) 2-4 Years – Moral: * Beginning to know right from wrong.

Related article: Intervention When Development is Not Following the Expected Pattern

Is more self-controlled and less aggressive. Uses extreme verbal threats such as, “I’ll kill you,” without understanding full implications, wants to be good, but is not yet mature enough to be able to carry out most promises. 4-7 Years – Physical Development: * A sense of balance is developing – the child may be able to walk in a straight line (4 years old) * The child can thread small breads on a lace (4 years old) * The child can play ball games (5 years old) The child has increased agility, muscle coordination and balance (6 years old) * The child can catch a ball thrown from one metre with one hand (7 years old) 4-7 Years – Communication Development: * The child begins to ask alot of where, when, how and why questions (4 years old) * The child talks confidently and with more fluency (5 years old) * The child begins to understand book language and that books have characters (6 years old) * The child begins to realise that different situations require different ways of talking (7 years old) 4-7 Years – Intellectual and Cognitive: At age four, the child usually knows how to count up to 20 (4 years old) * The child can usually write their own name down on a piece of paper (5 years old) * The child includes alot more detail in their drawings (6 years old) * The child begins to establish what is real and what is a fantasy (7 years old) 4-7 Years – Social, Emotional and Behavioural: The child likes to be independent and is strongly self-willed (4 years old) * The child can wash their hands and brush their own teeth unassisted (4 years old) * The child has developed a stable self-concept (5 years old) * The child can begin to hide their feelings, once they learn to control them (6 years old) * The child can take responsibility e. g. in helping younger children (7 years old) 4-7 Years – Moral: * Is interested in being good, but may tell lies or blame others for wrongdoings because of intense desire to please and do right.

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