Unit 6: Toward a New Millennium

What term did the U.S. Census Bureau use to classify Mexican Americans, Dominican Americans, and Cuban Americans?
Hispanic
In the late twentieth century, U.S. companies began using labor outside the company to provide certain services. What was this business practice called?
outsourcing
What is the United States’ total largest export (in U.S. dollars) to Canada?
vehicles, except railway or tramway, and parts
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What was the fifth-largest group of Mexican products imported to the United States?
optic, photo, medic, or surgical instruments
Why is it difficult to interpret recent history and current events?
There are numerous and variable interpretations of events and their significance.
What first transformed the Internet into an information superhighway?
the World Wide Web
Which was not a change in American business practices during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries?
obtaining credit from banks
Where have the largest number of immigrants to the United States come from since 1990?
Latin America and Northern America
In the election of 1992, economic issues caused an incumbent president to lose to a relatively unknown governor. What was the outcome of that election?
George H.W. Bush lost to Bill Clinton.
What was not part of Clinton’s domestic agenda?
allowing gays and lesbians to serve openly in the military
What treaty was designed to support economic growth for the United States and its neighbors?
NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement
What conflict had developed between President Clinton and congressional Republicans by 1994?
The Republicans wanted more cuts in social spending.
What agreement had a goal of reducing international greenhouse gas emissions?
The Kyoto Protocol
What decision did the United States make about the Kyoto Protocol?
The U.S. delegation signed it, but it was never submitted to the Senate for approval.
Which of the following was not one of the cultural issues debated widely during the 1990s?
African American rights
Which modern president was impeached by the House of Representatives but not removed from office by the Senate?
Bill Clinton
Which type of region is usually organized by political or physical boundaries?
formal
Which climate zone is the largest in Canada?
subarctic
What ecological region do Florida and Mexico share?
tropical humid forests
In what ecological region are North America’s wettest climates found?
marine west coast forests
What was the Clinton administration’s response to the crisis in Rwanda?
The administration chose not to act.
Who received the most votes (popular, not electoral) nationwide in the 2000 presidential election?
Al Gore
In 2008, what percent of federal spending was mandatory?
54
What results when the government spends more than it takes in?
a budget deficit
Where was Osama Bin Laden born?
Saudi Arabia
Where did al-Qaeda take refuge following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States?
Afghanistan
Arguments for the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 include all of the following except __________.
intelligence reports indicated that Iraq was planning a major terrorist attack in the United States
What was the main criticism of the federal government in the wake of Hurricane Katrina?
FEMA did not act quickly enough to provide food and water to victims after the storm.
In which foreign crisis did President Clinton commit U.S. troops to lead a multinational force to restore a democratically elected president and eventually send former President Carter to negotiate?
Haiti
What nationality were the terrorists that blew up the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City?
American
The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision not to allow a vote recount in Florida led to _________________ winning the 2000 presidential election.
George W. Bush
Which was a domestic policy initiative of the George W. Bush administration?
No Child Left Behind Act
The main constitutional issue regarding Bush’s claims to executive privilege was that his interpretations of executive privilege ___________.
endangered the principle of the separation of powers
Which structure was a target of Islamic extremists on September 11, 2001?
World Trade Center
Which of the following was a goal of the terrorist group that carried out the attacks of September 11, 2001?
topple pro-Western governments in the Middle East
What brutal and repressive fundamentalist Islamic regime came to power in Afghanistan and demanded strict adherence to Islamic law?
Taliban
How did the United States respond to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks?
The Patriot Act was signed into law and became controversial.
Which was an argument for the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003?
Intelligence reports indicated Iraq was seeking to acquire or make weapons of mass destruction.
Which best describes the initial progress of the war in Iraq?
Coalition soldiers met little resistance, and the war’s mission had been achieved in six weeks.
Which describes a reason for opposition to the war in Iraq?
Bush was accused of acting unilaterally.
Which describes a Bush administration accomplishment in foreign policy in Africa?
The United States threatened diplomatic sanctions against the Sudanese government.
Why was the federal government criticized in the wake of Hurricane Katrina?
FEMA did not respond quickly enough after the storm had passed through the region.
Which was a major issue in the 2008 presidential election?
the continuing war in Iraq
Which is one reason that the election of 2008 was groundbreaking?
The two top Democratic candidates included a woman and an African American.
Which was a key element in making computers widely accessible to the public?
reducing size and cost by using silicon chips to store data
What was one impact of the World Wide Web?
It opened the Internet to widespread popular usage.
Which business practice of the 1990s changed U.S. production?
outsourcing
Which issue largely related to Mexico became a major controversy in the 1990s?
illegal immigration
Where did most late twentieth- and early twenty-first-century immigrants settle when they entered the United States?
along the coastlines and borders
Which treaty removed trade barriers between the United States, Canada, and Mexico, but raised concerns about protecting American jobs?
North American Free Trade Agreement
Which president is known for promoting health care, protecting women’s rights, and balancing the federal budget?
Bill Clinton
Which part of the world created the most significant foreign policy challenge for the Clinton administration?
Eastern Europe
Which ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court in the 2000 presidential election resulted in a widely disputed election?
to stop a vote recount in Florida
Which principle did George W. Bush use to keep White House communications confidential?
executive privilege
Which event happened on September 11, 2001?
Terrorists used airplanes to kill thousands, destroying New York’s twin towers and part of the Pentagon.
Which best describes the purpose of the Patriot Act?
raise security and protect citizens against terrorists
Which was an argument used to justify the invasion of Iraq in 2003?
Saddam Hussein was trying to acquire or manufacture weapons of mass destruction.
Why did many people oppose the U.S. invasion of Iraq?
They believed the United States should not start a war against a nation that had not attacked the United States.
What happened at Abu Ghraib and Guantánamo that raised concerns around the world about U.S. actions?
Enhanced interrogation techniques were used in violation of the Geneva Conventions regarding the conduct of war.
How did the United States respond to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001?
It took military action in Afghanistan, where the terrorists responsible were believed to be hiding.
Which was most significant in the 2008 presidential election?
It was the first presidential election where an African American won a major party’s nomination for president.
According to constitutional scholars, which principle was threatened by George W. Bush’s interpretation of executive privilege?
separation of powers
Which best describes the ecological diversity of North America?
North America is very diverse and has about 15 ecological regions.
Who planned and carried out the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks against the United States?
al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden

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