US Health Care Chapter 9
A. home-based care for physically disabled adults and children.
B. hospital stays lasting more than 30 days.
C. services provided in both home and institutional settings for persons of all ages with varying levels of medical, social, and personal care needs.
D. community-based services for frail older adults.
A. family-based care for the sick and infirm in their own homes.
B. communal care settings operated by charitable community members and government supported almshouses.
C. state-supported asylums.
D. military hospitals to care for wounded and sick soldiers.
A. women working outside the home
B. high divorce rates
C. smaller family size
D. all of the above
A. a means to get urban children immunized against infectious diseases.
B. a service to the wealthy who wished to receive care in their homes, rather than institutions.
C. a social response intended to improve unhealthy living conditions of immigrants residing in crowded urban tenements and prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
D. local health departments’ response to the needs of older adults living alone.
A. widespread media reports and ensuing Congressional hearings on nursing home and residential care facility abuses and negligence
B. inadequate reimbursement for appropriate care in institutional settings
C. national recognition of inadequate quality assurance and monitoring systems in the long-term care industry
D. A and C
A. provide care in both community and institutional settings.
B. provide care primarily for people requiring intensive nursing, rehabilitation, or related services.
C. typically accommodate relatively self-sufficient residents.
D. primarily provide at-home care.
A. Assertions by increased numbers of older persons of their desire to remain in their own homes for care, whenever possible.
B. audits documenting significant fraud and abuse of Medicare billing.
C. Decreased availability of informal care-givers available to assist their family members
D. The Olmstead Supreme Court decision upholding the right of citizens to receive care in the community
A. group living facilities where residents may come and go as they please
B. care and assistance provided in the home by family members and friends
C. adult day care facilities
D. assistance with activities of daily living from a home care agency
A. services that temporarily relieve informal caregivers through assistance in the home or through institutional placement on a temporary basis.
B. legally required “rest periods” for caregivers of dependent family members by which employers are required to give paid leaves of absence.
C. temporary, Medicaid-supported vacations for caregivers of a physically or mentally-dependent family member.
D. permanent patient placement in a residential care facility.
A. Provision of more stable reimbursement sources than previously available from private pay and charitable sources
B. Prohibition of for-profit providers’ participation in Medicare and Medicaid long-term care reimbursement
C. Establishment of minimal standards of care to qualify for Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement
D. Provision of resources for older and disabled Americans and those lacking the ability to pay for care
A. decreasing costs of care for the terminally ill by avoiding use of expensive technology
B. providing an alternative to the curative/intervention approach of medical care for the terminally ill
C. providing state-of-the-art pain relief interventions while supporting the patient and his/her family through the life-death transition
D. supporting terminally ill patients’ sense of independence throughout their dying process
A. a federally-designated geographic area with a high proportion of older Americans.
B. groups of federally-funded senior services centers in a defined geographic area that offer congregate meals and social activities.
C. apartment complexes, neighborhoods, or sections of communities where residents have opted to age-in-place.
D. a not-for-profit organization-operated campus of facilities and services for Medicare beneficiaries.