US History Chapter 10

Wilmot Proviso
Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico
secession
Voluntary withdrawal from fellowship, especially from political or religious bodies.
Compromise of 1850
decisions made to help settle the disagreements between free states and slave states
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popular sovereignty
idea that territories make their own decisions, especially on the issue of slavery
Stephen A. Douglas
Senator who worked to pass the Compromise of 1850
Millard Fillmore
13th president of the US who supported the Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act
-law that imposed harsh punishment for escaped slaves and for anyone who helped them
personal liberty laws
laws that banned the imprisonment of escaped slaves and also guaranteed that escaped slaves would have jury trials.
Underground Railroad
network of hiding places and volunteers that hid fugitive slaves heading north to freedom. (Harriet Tubman)
Harriet Tubman
an escaped slave who was a leader of the Underground Railroad
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
a novel about the horrors of slavery
Kansas-Nebraska Act
law that split Nebraska into Nebraska and Kansas, and each state was allowed popular sovereignty (whether or not they wanted slavery).
John Brown
opponent of slavery that led a raid (Bleeding Kansas) killing 5 proslavery people
Bleeding Kansas
nickname given to the territory because of the bloody violence there
Franklin Pierce
14th US president
Nativism
favoring native-born people over immigrants
Know-Nothing Party
political party formed by nativists to stop the influence of immigrants
Free-Soil Party
-political party opposed extending slavery in the territories.
Republican Party
political party formed in 1854 opposing the extension of slavery in the territories
Horace Greeley
newspaper editor who founded/supported the Republicans
John C. Fremont
1st Republican presidential candidate
James Buchanan
15th US president
Dred Scott
slave who briefly resided with his owner in a free state. He claimed that this made him a free man
Roger B. Taney
In Dred Scott v. Sanford, this Chief Justice ruled that being in a free state did not make a slave free because slaves were considered property.
Abraham Lincoln
16th US president-President who opposed slavery and popular sovereignty
Lincoln-Douglas debates
topic of debates was slavery in the territories
Freeport Doctrine
idea that any territory could ban slavery by refusing to pass laws supporting it.
Harpers Ferry
location of the federal arsenal raided by John Brown to get guns to slaves
Confederacy
Confederate States of America, formed by the Southern States that seceded from the Union
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America

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