US History chapter 11 civil war vocab

US History chapter 11 civil war vocab

Fort Sumter
1st battle of civil war where no blood is shed
Anaconda Plan
a three part strategy by which the Union proposed to defeat the Confederacy in the civil war
Bull Run
25 miles from union capital. 1st blood battle
Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General. got nick name stonewall because he “stood like a stonewall”
George McClellan
Union General for the Army at Potomac
Ulysses S. Grant
Unconditional Surrender. General for union army
Shiloh
Battle in Tenessee no one won. but taught both sides great lessons
David G. Farragut
sixty year old commander for union. Captured New Orleans
Monitor
Ironclad ship used by the north
Merrimack
ironclad ship used by the south
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general after Johnson passed it down due to injuries.
Antietam
proved to be the bloodiest single-day battle in American history.
Emancipation Proclamation
January 1st 1863. freed slaves from south but not from north
habeas corpus
a court order requiring authorities to bring a prisoner before the court so the court can decide weather or not it is legal to hold them
Copperheads
a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War
conscription
a draft that would force certain members of the population to serve in the army
Fort pillow
fort where black Union soldiers were massacred after surrendering
income tax
a tax on earnings
Clara Barton
Nurse founded American Red Cross
Andersonville
worst confederate prison
Gettysburg
The most violent battle of the American Civil War and is frequently cited as the war’s turning point, fought from July 1 – July 3, 1863. Union won
Chancellorsville
South defeated north. forced union army to retreat. Union general Jackson was captured and died in captivity
Vicksburg
The union forces wanted to capture Vicksburg in order to control to Mississippi River. (Union) Gen. Grant surrounded Vicksburg and bombed it for a month. The people and Confederate soldiers starved until they surrendered.
Gettysburg Address
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
William Tecumseh Sherman
United States general who was commander of all Union troops in the West he captured Atlanta and led a destructive march to the sea that cut the Confederacy in two (1820-1891)
Appomattox Court house
famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant