US History Chapter 16 Section 1

US History Chapter 16 Section 1

nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one’s country.
Joseph Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
collectives
large farms leased from the state to groups of peasant farmers
Benito Mussolini
fascist dictator of Italy during WWII
Fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
Adolf Hitler
Leader of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich in Germany during World War II.
Nazism
an extreme form of fascism shaped by Hitler’s fanatical ideas about German nationalism and racial superiority
Manchuria
part of China that was rich with natural resources and captured by Japan in 1931
Rhineland
German region bordering France and Belgium that Hitler sent his troops into violating theTreaty of Versailles
demilitarized
a border without armed forces
Francisco Franco
Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini
Kellogg- Briand Pact
Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another
isolationism
a national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
Senator Gerald Nye
led the congressional investigation that concluded American entry into WWI was the result of following the wishes ofwar profiteers
Neutrality Acts
laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents