US History Chapter 16

US History Chapter 16

Joseph Stalin
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union
totalitarian
Government that has complete control over its citizens and puts down all opposition
Benito Mussolini
Fascist dictator of Italy
fascism
Political system based on a strong, centralized government headed by a dictator
Adolf Hitler
Nazi dictator of Germany
Nazism
Fascist political philosophy of Germany under Nazi dictator Hitler
Francisco Franco
Fascist dictator of Spain
Neutrality Acts
Laws passed by Congress to ban the sale of arms or loans to nations at war
Neville Chamberlain
Prime minister of Great Britain before World War II
Winston Churchill
Prime minister of Great Britain during World War II
appeasement
Trying to pacify an aggressor in order to keep the peace
nonaggression pact
Agreement between Germany and Russia not to fight each other
blitzkrieg
Lightning war strategy used by Germany against Poland
Charles de Gaulle
Head of the French government in exile in England
Holocaust
Systematic murder of 11 million Jews and other people in Europe by the Nazis
Kristallnacht
Name given the night of November 9, 1938, when Nazis in Germany attacked Jews, their businesses, and their synagogues
genocide
Deliberate and systematic killing of an entire people
ghetto
A segregated neighborhood
concentration camp
Prison camps operated by the Nazis where Jews and others were starved while doing slave labor, or murdered
Axis powers
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Lend-Lease Act
Law that allowed lending or leasing arms to any nation “whose defense was vital to the United States”
Atlantic Charter
British and American statement of goals for fighting World War II
Allies
Group of nations, including the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union, who opposed the Axis powers
Hideki Tojo
Prime minister of Japan during World War II