US History Chapter 25

George Marshall
George Marshall
Army Chief of Staff who suggested using women for noncombat military jobs
WAAC
the Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps created by Congress for military jobs
Manhattan project
Manhattan project
secret development of the atomic bomb led by J. Robert Oppenheimer
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War Production Board-(WPB)
government agency that decided which companies would make
war materials and how to distribute raw materials.
rationing
system that restricted the amount of food and goods people may buy during wartime.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower “Ike”
American general who led forces that defeated German troops
D-Day-June 6, 1944
D-Day-June 6, 1944
the day the Allies crossed the English Channel and landed in Normandy, France. The largest land-sea-air operation in history launched to liberate Europe.
George Patton
George Patton
American general who led his 3rdArmy to free Paris
Battle of the Bulge
Hitler’s counterattack where the allies pushed the Germans back
V-E Day- May 8, 1945
Victory in Europe Day, the surrender of Nazi Germany
Harry Truman
Harry Truman
vice president who became president after Roosevelt died on March 1945.
Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
general who was the commander of the American army in the Philippines
Battle of Midway
American victory that was the turning point in the Pacific War
kamikaze
Japanese suicide attacks
J. Robert Oppenheimer
J. Robert Oppenheimer
scientist who led the Manhattan Project (development of the atomic bomb).
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Japanese cities where the 1st and 2nd atomic bombs were dropped
Nuremberg Trials
tribunal that tried Nazi leaders for war crimes
Japanese Internment
After Pearl Harbor when Japanese Americans were ordered to confinement
GI Bill of Rights
passed by Congress in 1944 to help servicemen readjust to civilian life

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