US History Chapter 4: American Revolution

US History Chapter 4: American Revolution

Sugar Act
tax on imports to help pay off British war debt, indirect tax
Stamp Act
tax on paper goods
Tea Act
its purpose was to help bail out East India Company
Boston Tea Party
342 chests of tea was dumped into the Boston Harbor
Committee of Correspondence
protest against townshed act
natural rights
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Thomas Paine
wrote Common Sense
Thomas Jefferson
wrote Declaration of Independence
First Continental Congress
all colonies except Georgia participated, wrote grievancecs and rights against King
Second Continental Congress
Olive Branch Petition to King George 3, contiental army was formed, and money started to print
Gen. William Howe
Britian general
Gen. Cornwallis
Britian general who surrendered at Yorktown
Minutemen
fought only for their colony and not for the colonies as a whole
Loyalist
loyal to King
Patriots
want independence
George Washington
general of American army after Second Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence
sent to the King of what the colonists want
Hessians
German soliders that the British hired
Saratoga
turning point of the war
Kings Mtn
turning point in the South
Yorktown
where war ended
Treaty of Paris
America is a nation, Florida given to Spain, land up to Mississippi
“the shot heard around the world”
ralph waldo emerson @ lexington and concord
“give me liberty or give me death”
patrick henry
“don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes”
william prescott @ losing bunker hill
“i only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country”
Nathan Hale as a spy
“I have not yet begun to fight”
John Paul Jones @ sea battle
what type of govt did most of colonies have?
two houses, house of rep and senate, copied after british
how did the colonist oppose British taxes?
violent, boycotts, and intelligent protest
where were the first patriots (minutemen) killed?
lexington and concord
how did the fronteir war affect the relationship between settlers and indians?
indians sided with british
when the british started losing battles in the south, how did the loyalist react?
hated them and thought they were doing something illegally wrong
dates of the american revolution
1775-1781
causes of american revolution
pontiacs rebellion, proclamation of 1763, taxes to pay off britian war debt
battle of trenton
americans ambushed hessians