US History Chapter 7 Test Review

US History Chapter 7 Test Review

What decade was probably the most critical in our nation’s history?
1780s
What was America’s single greatest contribution to political thought?
the Constitution
Why did the colonists create a weak confederation?
Each colony was jealous of it’s power
Which of the following principles was most strongly supported by the Articles of Confederation?
Limited Government
Which of the following best describes the government under the Articles of Confederation?
Unicameral Congress
Which of the following was a success to the Confederation?
Foreign Peace
Which of the following disputes did the Confederation settle?
Western Lands
How were townships in the Northwest supposed to use the proceeds from the sale of section 16?
Schools
How much was each acre sold for in the Northwest Territory?
$1
How many people were required to live in a territory before it could be accepted as a state?
60,000
What was Metropotamia?
A proposed U.S. State
What caused the Newburgh Conspiracy?
Military discontent over back wages
What caused Shays’ Rebellion?
unrest over defaulted farm loans
What was the most important accomplishment of the Annapolis Convention?
Call a new convention to remedy the weakness of the Confederation
Whose ideas provided much of the framework for the Constitution?
James Madison
What was the first major resolution of the Constitutional Convention?
a national government ought to be established consisting of a Supreme Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary.

SLEJ

Which of the following issues did not require major debate in the constitutional convention?
power of the executive
Which state refused to participate in the Constitutional Convention and was the last of the original colonies to ratify the Constitution?
Rhode Island
What to factions opposed each other over the issue of representation in Congress?
large states versus small states
What bicameral plan did the large states support at the Constitutional Convention?
Virginia Plan
What unicameral plan did the small states support at the Constitutional Convention?
New Jersey Plan
What christian Statesman presented the compromise that broke the deadlock over representation in the Constitution?
Roger Sherman
What region was most concerned about granting the federal government control over trade?
South
Which of the following was not a provision of the trade agreement reached by the Constitutional Convention?
Slavery would be banned in twenty years
Who wrote, “if men were angles, no government would be necessary”?
James Madison
The great challenge of the Constitutional Convention was to strike a balance between liberty and
order
Which of the following principles was not included in the constitution?
divine sovereignty
In the original Constitution, who was elected directly by the people?
Members of the House of Representatives
Who said, “Thus i consent, sir, to this constitution because i expect no better, and because i am not sure, that it is not the best”?
Benjamin Franklin
Who was not one of the authors of the Federalist Papers?
Patrick Henry
What pseudonym did the authors of The Federalist Papers use when they signed their essays?
“Publius”
The last two major states to ratify the Constitution were Virginia and
New York