US History II Final Exam Study Guide

US History II Final Exam Study Guide

transcontinental railroad
Railroad connecting the west and east coasts of the continental US
Industrialization
the development of industries for the machine production of goods
labor unions
an organization formed by workers to strive for better wages and working conditions
westward expansion
The U.S. growing larger to the west.
Panama Canal
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Fourteen Points
wilson’s plan for world peace following world war I
Prohibition
a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages
Progressivism
reform movements that sought to raise living standards and correct wrongs in American Society
Creationism
Belief that all life was created by God
evolution
the process by which species gradually change over time
19th amendment
gave women the right to vote
Pure food and drug act
the act that prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs
clayton anti trust act
law that made monopolies illegal and proctected rights of labor unions
red scare
a period of general fear of communists
nativism
hostility toward immigrants
assimilation
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
great depression
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
New Deal
the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt’s economic policies were implemented
social security act
created a tax on workers and employers. That money provided monthly pensions for retired people.
world war 2
war between allies (australia, belguim, brazil, canada, china, france, mexico, US, UK, USSr) and the Axis (Germany, hungary, japan, italy, ) from 1939-1945
isolationism
A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
dday
allied forces under dwight d. eisenhower landed on the beaches of normandy in history’s greatest naval invasion.
internationalism
A national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
truman doctrine
policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
cold war
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
korean war
a war between North and South Korea
vietnam war
a war between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
great society
1964, LBJ’s policies of fighting poverty and racial injustice
new frontier
President Kennedy’s plan aimed at improving the economy, fighting racial discrimination, and exploring space.
plessy vs ferguson
a case that was brought to supreme court by black lawsuits to challenge the legality of segregation. The court ruled that segregation was legal as long as it was “equal”
roe vs wade
Supreme Court declared abortion to be a private decision, Right to Abortion
watergate scandal
Scandal involving illegal activities that led ultimately to the resignation of President Nixon in 1974
woodrow wilson
American President during WWI – had 14 point plan – key figure in League of Nations
andrew carnegie
United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts
harry truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
herbert hoover
president of the U.S from 1923-1933 leader of the US in the beginning of the great depression. He didn’t want the gov involved in the peoples lives and thought that the people should express their individual rights.
dwight d eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe then was elected to be Pres. of the USA
john f kennedy
President during Bay of Pigs, and Cuban Missile Crisis. Strong image icon. Creator of Civil Rights Act.
lyndon b johnson
the US president who wanted to stay out of Vietnam but sent soldiers because his goal was to stop the spread of communism
richard nixon
withdrew American soldiers from South Vietnam.37th president
john scopes
Tennessee highschool teacher who violated a state law by teaching evolution
joseph mccarthy
United States politician who unscrupulously accused many citizens of being Communists
betty frieden
she wrote the book called The Feminine Mystique during the womens rights movement
gloria steinem
founder and original publisher of Ms. magazine, and was an influential co-convener of the National Women’s Political Caucus.