US History: Unit 2 TEST 3(Lessons 4-6) (STND9-11)

US History: Unit 2 TEST 3(Lessons 4-6) (STND9-11)

Gilded Age
• John D. Rockefeller
• ‘Robber Barons’
• Andrew Carnegie
• The Rise of the Corporation

These items are most associated with which of these eras?

Animal & human power were generally replaced with steam power.
Which of these changes during the Industrial Revolution led to greater efficiency?
found themselves increasingly left out of the political process because of poll taxes and literacy tests.
By the end of the Reconstruction era, most African-Americans in the United States
The world will not long remember what we say here.
Which of Lincoln’s statements during the Gettysburg Address did NOT hold true?
Standard gauge, standard time, and the Pullman Car all had a tremendous impact on what industry?
granting former slaves suffrage.
The 15th amendment was created primarily for the purpose of
recognizing the basic civil liberties of all races.
The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments reflected the growing 19th century American trend of
ruled slaves to be property and incapable of becoming citizens.
The case of Dred Scott v. Sandford (1856) is often called the Supreme Court’s great ‘self inflicted wound’ because the decision
the formation of the ‘Solid South’
One of the developments listed was a result of the other three. Three answer choices are the causes of the fourth, which is the effect. Identify which one happened because of the other three.
federal government intervention in the former Confederate states in order to monitor the treatment of former slaves.
In American history, the term “Reconstruction” refers to
Northern industrial interests.
The actions of the Republican Party after the Civil War were more favorable to
transcontinental railroad
Which innovation had the GREATEST impact on westward migration immediately after the American Civil
Combined vertical and horizontal integration.
One of the main reasons John D. Rockefeller was able to succeed in the oil industry was because he
important railroad tracks were destroyed, severing supply lines for Confederate forces.
General William T. Sherman’s “March to the Sea” was important to the Union war effort because
provide work, education, and relief for former slaves.
The purpose of the Freedman’s Bureau was to
were laws passed by mainly Southern states to keep African Americans in a system of virtual slavery.
During Reconstruction, the Black Codes
the secession of South Carolina from the Union.
The event MOST LIKELY occurring due to the 1860 presidential election of Lincoln was
What group of immigrants arrived in large numbers on the U.S. west coast for the primary purpose of working on the Transcontinental Railroad in the 19th century?
Standard Oil
In the 19th century, John D. Rockefeller was MOST associated with what company?
longer factory hours for all workers
Which of these would BEST describe an immediate effect of the invention and mass production of the light bulb?
African Americans won Congressional and state legislative representation from Southern states.
Which statement MOST ACCURATELY describes the political situation of African Americans in the period of Reconstruction?
a desire to rebuild the country quickly and without ill feelings following the war.
Presidential Reconstruction following the American Civil War can BEST be described as
explain the higher purpose of the Civil War
What was Abraham Lincoln’s chief purpose of the Gettysburg address?
Fifteenth Amendment.
The Constitutional amendment that prohibited denying voting rights to people based on race or color is the
help slaves adjust to their newfound freedom.
The MAIN purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau was to
Manufacturers were able to build manufacturing plants where they wanted.
How did the invention of electricity impact industries?
Mass production makes goods more available for consumers, thus raising the standard of living
Assembly lines and mass production have dramatically changed the standard of living for most people in the United States. Which statement best reflects this change?
The beginning of the Industrial Age in the United States is MOST associated with which era?
the Anaconda Plan
Union General Winfield Scott’s plan to defeat the Confederacy included a naval blockade of southern ports, gaining naval control of the Mississippi River, and invading the rebellious southern states.
By what name was General Scott’s strategy known?
General William Sherman’s march through South Carolina
“Our people are tired of the war, feel themselves whipped, and will not fight. Our country is overrun, its military resources greatly diminished, while the enemy’s military power and resources were never greater and may be increased to any extent desired. … My small force is melting away like snow before the sun.”

This quote from Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston was in reaction to

restoring southern Democrats to political power
Which of these would have been a goal of the Ku Klux Klan in the south during Reconstruction?
the Freedmen’s Bureau
What agency was created by the United States Congress in 1865 to set up schools and churches, supply food and clothing, and solve employment issues for the former slaves?
South Carolina a prime target because they were the 1st state to secede from the Union.
Which statement offers the BEST explanation for why General Sherman was more destructive on his march through South Carolina than he was in North Carolina?
Freedman’s Bureau
Which of these is the BEST example of Federal assistance to freed slaves following the Civil War?
the increasing number of railroads that connected the east coast with the west coast.
Following the Civil War industry began to expand westward thanks MOSTLY to
preserve the Union.
Early in his Presidency, Abraham Lincoln declared that his primary goal as President was to
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
• repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820
• was created as a means of constructing a transcontinental railroad
• created two new states in the middle of the United States
• let the states decide whether or not to allow slavery

Which law is being described here?

Raw and manufactured goods could be transported more easily.
Which of these is the BEST explanation of the impact railroads played on the growing trend of urbanization in the early-to-mid-1800s?
What term BEST describes the U.S. government’s policies towards businesses in the late 19th century?
Civil War
The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified following which war?
Which Civil War battle resulted in the Union gaining strategic control of the Mississippi River?
Which Civil War battle was significant in that the Union army was able to halt Robert E. Lee’s invasion of the north?
the American Revolution
Jefferson Davis would likely point to __________________ as justification for the Confederacy’s secession from the Union.
A) the War of 1812
B) the American Revolution
C) the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
D) the “necessary and proper” clause of the U.S. Constitution
were able to accumulate vast amounts of wealth.
By creating monopolies and establishing trusts, industrial leaders of the late 1800s
15th Amendment
Which amendment was affected MOST by the Civil War?