US history unit 3 study guide

US history unit 3 study guide

Reparations
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
Treaty of Versailles
(1919) treaty ending World War I; required Germany to pay huge war reparations and established the League of Nations
Espionage and Sedition Acts
1917-18 Sedition= disloyal speech & writing that might invoke opposition to the US. Espionage= penalties for anti-war activities, allowed gov. to monitor mail
Treaty of Paris
1763 agreement between Briatin and France that ended the French and Indian War, 1783 and a peace treaty between the Us and Britain that recognized the Us as an independent nation
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Armistice
A state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms/ceasefire
Propaganda
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
Nationalism
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one’s country
Open Door Notes
In 1899 the United States feared that countries with “spheres of influence” in China might choose to limit or restrict trade to and from their respective areas. John Hay avoided any problems with trade by sending notes to each country who held power in China asking them to keep trade open and tariffs low.
Militarism
A political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests
Protectorate
A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers./sensationalist journalism
Spanish-American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans’ fight for independence
Big-Stick Diplomacy
The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The “big stick” symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
Zimmerman Note
1917 – Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft