US History Unit 5 Test Review

US History Unit 5 Test Review

Manifest Destiny
the American belief that it was necessary to expand US territory all the way to the Pacific Ocean
California Gold Rush, 1849
this event is described by the following events: John Marshall found gold in Coloma, California which led to an increase in the population; people from Oregon, Latin America, Europe, Asia, etc rushed to Cali for gold
Forty-Niners & Chinese immigrants
this title was given to the people who rushed to California for gold and this group of people were included in the title
Oregon, Santa Fe, Mormon Trails
these trails were used by different people during the effort to travel west
Texas Revolution, 1835-1836
Texans, under the influence of Stephen F. Austin, did not want to convert to Catholicism, didn’t accept a ban on slavery, and refused to accept Mexican Laws, so in 1834, Mexican President Santa Anna began to view Anglos as a threat and had Austin arrested. Sam Houston therefore led this uprising which led to Texas’s independence
Sam Houston, Stephen Austin
These two men were important figures of the Texas Revolution of 1835-36
President James K. Polk
this man was known as the “Manifest Destiny President”; he won the election of 1844 and during his presidency, Texas was annexed by the US, the Oregon territory was divided between Britain and the US at the 54 40 line and became a free state, and West Texas was gained as a part of Mexican Cession
“Fifty-Four Forty or Fight”
this phrase described the annexation of the Oregon territory as a free state
Mexican-American War, 1846-1848
disputed West Texas led to this war; when the war ended with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the US gained all Texas territory extending to the Rio Grande river; Mexican territory in the Southwest (Mexican Cession) was given up to the US
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, 1848
this document ended the Mexican American War
Mexican Cession
this consisted of Mexican territory in the West being given to the US
Gadsen Purchase, 1853
this area was purchased by the US in order to build a Southern railroad
Sectionalism
this term describes the disagreement between the North and South over the issue of slavery
Nullification Crisis
this issue was brought up in South Carolina when the citizens of the state claimed states’ rights, saying that states could get rid of a law if the citizens didn’t think it was fair to them. It was urged by John C. Calhoun
States’ Rights
states claimed that they could get rid of any laws that were said to be unfair
Missouri Compromise of 1820
Maine becomes a free state, Missouri becomes a slave state, and states that were located above the 36 30 line were free states
Wilmot Proviso, 1846
this document would’ve outlawed all slaves from Mexican Cession; Congressmen voted according to region rather than by party
Compromise of 1850
California enters as a free state, Washington D.C. slave trade ends, stronger Fugitive Slave Laws are put in place, and Utah and New Mexico gain popular sovereignty
Fugitive Slave Law
this law said that no one was allowed to help escaped slaves; slaveholders were able to recapture these escaped slaves
Popular Sovereignty
this term describes the idea that states could vote for whether or not they wanted to be a slave state or a free state
Kansas-Nebraska Act
this act repealed the Missouri Compromise; it gave territories of the Louisiana Purchase popular sovereignty
Stephen Douglas
this man created the Kansas-Nebraska Act
“Bleeding Kansas” 1856
this was a war that happened between Kansas and Missouri because free soilers from Kansas voted against slavery in Kansas
Free Soil Party
this group of people were abolitionists from the North that did not support the expansion of slavery in the West
Republican Party
this political party was formed by Northern free soilers; Lincoln was a part of this party
Nat Turner Rebellion
this uprising was led by Nat Turner who freed slaves on Virginia farms and killed 60 whites; the result was that Southern whites made more severe slave codes
Abolitionism
this reform movement set out to end slavery
William Lloyd Garrison
this abolitionist wrote the Liberator and worked with Frederick Douglass on some abolitionist movements
Frederick Douglass
this man was a freed slave who wrote the North Star newspaper and wrote a narrative that described the horrors of slavery
Grimke Sisters
these southern white women were abolitionists who gave speeches about their views of slavery ; they thought slavery was morally wrong
Underground Railroad
this was a network of secret routes and safe homes used to help slaves escape to the North
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
this book, which pointed out the evils of slavery, was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe; it was the best selling book in its time
Dred Scott v. Sanford
in this court case, the Supreme Court ruled that Dred Scott did not have the right to sue because blacks were not citizens; the Missouri Compromise was ruled unconstitutional by this court case as well because Congress did not have the power to stop slavery in western territories
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
these arguments set the precedent for presidential debates today; one candidate would give a speech for a certain amount of time followed by the other candidate’s speech for another amount of time.
John Brown’s Harper’s Ferry
in 1859, and abolitionist led an unsuccessful raid on a federal armory in Virginia in an attempt to free slaves in a massive slave uprising. However, he was caught and executed. He was seen by many Northerners as a martyr
1860 election and Lincoln
in this election, a Republican man (free soiler) won the majority votes without any Southern votes; this election led to South Carolina’s secession followed by the secession of other Southern states