US History – Unit 9 – Qs

US History – Unit 9 – Qs

who were the candidates in the 1964 presidential election
Barry Goldwater and Lyndon B. Johnson
why was Johnson able to persuade Congress to pass many programs
his programs were designed to get rid of poverty, help people in poor areas with jobs, healthcare, education etc.
what programs did Johnson create to help poor people
Vista, head start, Medicare, foundation of the arts at humanity, heart, job corps, HUD, wilderness preservation act, elementary and secondary education act, higher education act
how does the Miranda versus Arizona decision protect Americans rights
requires that all citizens know their rights when they are arrested or held in custody
why was Johnson’s appointment of Thurgood Marshall to the supreme court an important one
Thurgood Marshall was a black lawyer who represented the Brown family in Brown versus Board of Education
what were two effects of the voting rights act of 1965
no longer could states for citizens to pay a poll tax or pass a literacy test
how did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 affect civil rights for African Americans
outlawed segregation, split-up desegregation of schools, withdrawal of federal funds for programs to practice desegregation, and EEOC
how were the beliefs of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr different
Malcolm X. believed it using violence and Martin Luther King was nonviolent
Malcolm X beliefs begin to change
in 1964 when he went to Africa
what groups besides African Americans worked to gain equal rights in the 1960s and 1970s
women, Mexican-American, Native Americans
why did the equal rights amendment die without becoming law
if needed 38 states to ratify it within ten years and after ten years only thirty-five states had ratified it
what power did the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution give the president
the power to wage war without declaring it
how did the US involvement in the Vietnam War change after 1964
viet cong launched major attacks on self. The cities and rated US Embassy. US leaders to serve the war couldn’t be one. President Johnson slowed down US involvement in the war.
What factors made the war in Vietnam difficult for the United States to when
guerrilla warfare, draft forcing people to fight in a war they didn’t believe in
why were napalm bombs used in Vietnam
to help the American troops get enemy troops out of their bunkers
what effect did the Tet Offensive have on American’s opinion of the war
Americans have been told they were winning the war but US citizens believed that the Tet Offensive would never have happened if the US was actually winning the war
why does President Johnson decided not to run for reelection
there was strong support against the war and candidates who did not believe in the war
what divided the US in the 1960s and 1970s
television showing battles in Vietnam, showing the faces afforded Americans and protesters opposing the war
what happened in the village of My Lai
hundreds of unarmed people were killed by American soldiers
what was Vietnamization
Nixon’s plan to train South Vietnamese to fight the Vietnam War
what step that Congress take to prevent another conflict like the Vietnam War from occurring
The War Powers act
what is the War Powers Act
that the president should consult with Congress before committing the US to conflicts. Congress was approved to keep troops overseas one in sixty days
how did Nixon handle desegregation
affirmative action which was for minorities — blacks, women, Latinos, Native Americans -to find jobs in pills that have been closed to them and admission to institutions of higher education
how did Nixon assist the space program
he approved NASA to develop the space shuttle to travel between Earth and orbiting spacecraft — Apollo 11
what economic problems did the United States face of the 1970s
competition increased from Western Europe and Japan. US interest rates had to make changes to be more competitive. Some American factories had to close causing low supply — prices went up and income went down
how did OPEC impact the US economy
high gas prices
the first task President Ford felt he needed to accomplish
to pardon President Nixon
in what two ways did for try to improve the economy
balance the budget and cut spending to stop inflation — WIN – whip inflation now
in what ways did Americans try to solve the energy crisis
wind and solar energy, nuclear power
why do President Carter encourage Americans to develop alternative sources of energy
due to the economy
how was Carter’s foreign-policy both successful and unsuccessful
it was successful because of the agreement between Egypt and Israel. He invited the leaders of the countries to Camp David for discussions and an agreement was reached. He was unsuccessful trying to do the same thing with the US and Soviet and instead the Coldwater escalated. He was also unsuccessful and nylon hostage situation
what prompted the hostage crisis in Iran
the US allowed the Shah to enter for medical treatment