USATestPrep Reconstruction

USATestPrep Reconstruction

The Amendment which abolished slavery and involuntary servitude was the
13th Amendment.
Presidential Reconstruction following the American Civil War can BEST be described as
a desire to rebuild the country quickly and without ill feelings following the war.
What was the MAIN purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau?
to help slaves adjust to their newfound freedom
Following the Civil War and Reconstruction, which factor delayed the South’s economic development?
a lack of major cities in the South
What was the name of the agency that was created in 1865 to set up schools, supply food, and solve employment issues for the former slaves?
the Freedmen’s Bureau
The actions of the Republican Party after the Civil War were more favorable to
Northern industrial interests.
These are describing which government program?
Founded in 1865
· Helped former slaves find homes, employment
· Ended in 1871
Freedmen’s Bureau
The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments were all important additions to the Constitution because they
Addressed issues that contributed to the Civil War.
This amendment was created primarily for the purpose of
granting former slaves suffrage.
In American history, the term “Reconstruction” refers to
federal government intervention in the former Confederate states in order to monitor the treatment of former slaves.
He was the first African American to serve in the U.S. Congress, serving as a Senator from the state of Mississippi from 1870 – 1871.
Hiram Revels
This politician from Tennessee became President following the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, later becoming the first President to be impeached (he was found not guilty).
Andrew Johnson
This is one of the post-Civil War amendments to the US Constitution that includes the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses.
Fourteenth Amendment
This was the first phase of returning the Southern states to the Union (1863-1866) and was led by Lincoln and Johnson. Its goal was to reunite quickly and moderately.
Reconstruction
This is the right of all persons to be treated fairly and equally by the laws and courts.
Equal protection
Which statement BEST explains why Reconstruction ended?
Enforcement of Reconstruction Acts decreased because of political compromise.
What group was created in 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee, for the purpose of preventing both the programs of Reconstruction and laws promoting racial equality?
Ku Klux Klan
What term describes a white southerner who supported northern Reconstruction policies after the Civil War?
scalawag
Which is the BEST description of the status of race relations in the South in the years following Reconstruction?
Following Reconstruction, African Americans suffered through a resurgence of racial discrimination, terrorism, lynchings, and violence.
Which President was in power when the Freedmen’s Bureau was disbanded?
Ulysses S. Grant
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution were undermined by all of the following EXCEPT
Brown v. Board of Education.
Members of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) MOST LIKELY intimidated Southern voters in order to
achieve the Klan’s political ideals.
Which statement is true regarding the end of the Reconstruction era?
By 1877, Democrats had regained political power in all southern states.
The purpose of Jim Crow laws was to
create as much division between the races as possible.
Which group was created in late 1865 to resist Reconstruction efforts in the South?
the Ku Klux Klan
His election as the 19th President of the United States- thanks to the Compromise of 1877- brought an end to the Reconstruction Era.
Hayes
This was the name given to a group of Southern Democrats who worked to break the power of Republicans in the South during the Reconstruction era.
Redeemers
This Union General made a name for himself at the siege at Vicksburg, though he later defeated Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia to end the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant
This Reconstruction era policy gave voting rights only to people whose grandfathers had been legally allowed to vote, thus excluded freedmen from voting.
Grandfather Clause
This was the solution to the contested Presidential election of 1876 and furthermore brought an end to the period of Reconstruction following the Civil War.
Compromise of 1877