W.G. Ch.4 Test Vocab.
movement of people from place to place.
made up of people who a share common language, history, and place of origin, or combination of these elements.
area that includes different countries with certain traits in common.
early center of civilization, or the world’s first civilizations arose.
the number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people.
the number of births per year for every 1,000 people.
growth rate, of a population as the difference between an areas birthrate and its death rate.
zero population growth
the birthrate and death rate are equal.
the number of years it takes a population double in size.
the pattern of human settlement.
the average number of people living on a square mile or square kilometer of land.
people who flee to another country to escape persecution.
the way of life a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
large groups of languages having similar roots.
the process of spreading new knowledge and skill from one culture to another.
government gives all key powers to national or central government.
government divides the power of government between the national government and state or provincial governments.
rule by one person.
rule by a few people, small group holds power.
rule by many people.
habit and custom determine the rules for all economic activity.
individuals and private groups make decisions about what to produce.
the idea that private individuals or groups have the right to own property or businesses and make a profit with only limited government interference.
one in which the government supports and regulates free enterprise through decisions.
the government owns or directs the means of production land, labor, capital, and business managers and controls the distribution of goods.
the elements form earth that are not made by people but can be used by them for food, fuel, or other necessities.
cannot be used up or can be replaced naturally or grown again in a relatively short amount of time.
cannot be replaced, such as minerals and fossil fuel.
countries having much technology and manufacturing.
countries working toward greater manufactoing and technology.
the spread of industry.
the removal of trade barriers so that goods can flow freely among countries.
the release of unclean or impure elements into the air, water, and land.
eats away at the suface of buildings, kills fish, and can even destroy entire forests.