Western Civ Chapter 2

Philistine power was based in
the Pentapolis
The culture of the Hitties was
strongly militaristic, prone to conquest and colonization
The Hebrew cult of Yahweh
was significantly advanced by the Levites
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The Minoans remain somewhat mysterious to modern historians because
their written language has not yet been deciphered
Minoan civilization flourishes
1900-1500 BCE
Creation of the Hittite Empire
1800-1400 BCE
Rise of Babylon under Hammurabi
Hyksos invasion of Egypt and Second Intermediate Period
1650-1550 BCE
Mycenaean civilization flourishes
1600-1200 BCE
New Kingdom of Egypt established
Invasions of the Sea Peoples begin
c. 1200 BCE
Philistine dominance in Palestine
1100-1000 BCE
Hebrew kingdom consolidated
1000-973 BCE
Israel and Judah divided
924 BCE
Neo-Assyrian Empire founded
883-859 BCE
Kingdom of Israel destroyed
722 BCE
Fall of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
612-605 BCE
Fall of the kingdom of Judah
586 BCE
Persian Empire consolidated
539-486 BCE
Linguistically, the term Indo-European refers to
a hypothetical parent language from which many languages in Europe and the Near East descend.
The division of property and wealth in New Kingdom Egypt
favored the pharaoh, the officers class, and the temples of the gods
The babylonian Captivity of the Hebrews Affected Judaism by
fostering a religious identity that transcended political relalities
The Eighteenth Dynasty in Egypt produced many strong pharaohs, among them.
Zoroastrianism taught
belief in two divine forces
The New Kingdom, particularly the Eighteenth Dynasty, was marked by:
the rise of a wealthy aristocracy
The Late Bronze Age
was an age of superpowers
The Phoenicians’s greatest contribution to civilization was
their alphabet
By the fourteenth century B.C.E., international relations were marked by.
diplomatic standards, polite forms of address, gifts, and alliances
Akhenaten represents one of the earliest moves, in Western history, toward:
monotheism in religious practices
In the Book of Judges, the Hebrew people
begin to settle and organize themselves into twelve tribes.
A mysterious wave of invasions entered the Mediterranean world and destroyed almost all of the preexisting civilizations.
in the second millennium BCE
By 1500 B.C.E.:
huge Mycenaean citadels were scattered across Greece
The Mitannians introduced horse-drawn chariots to carry archers, but:
their opponents soon copied their technology and battle tactics
After the collapse of Mycenaean Greece, a wave of destruction swept across the Near East and the Mediterranean world as a result of the invasions of the:
Sea Peoples
The system of writing developed by the citizens of Ugarit:
used an alphabet of about thirty symbols for the consonants
Neo-Assyrian dominance can be attributed to all of the following except:
The extraction of regular, formal tribute form its vanquished foes.
The division of the ancient kingdom of Israel was:
provoked by Solomon’s oppressive regime

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