western civ

western civ

For the Romans, Italy’s geography
made Rome a natural crossroads and an area easy to defend.
The Twelve Tables was/were
the first formal codification of Roman law and customs.
As a result of the First Punic War
the Carthaginians were forced to withdraw from Sicily and pay an indemnity to Rome.
Rome set a precedent for treating its vanquished foes after forming the Roman Confederation by
offering the most favored “allied” peoples full Roman citizenship, thus giving them a stake in successful Roman expansion.
The result of the Third Punic War was
the complete destruction and subjugation of Carthage.
It can best be said that Roman imperial expansion was
highly opportunistic, responding to unanticipated military threats and possibilities for glory.
Rome was established in the first millennium B.C.E. on the
plain of Latium.
Which one of the following innovations enabled Romans to erect giant amphitheaters, public baths, and high-rise tenement buildings?
concrete.
Sulla’s legacy and importance was that he
employed his personal army in political disputes, paving the way toward Roman civil war.
Among the dangerous military innovations of Marius threatening the Republic, one finds he
recruited destitute volunteers who swore an oath of allegiance only to him.
Julius Caesar
led military commands in Spain and especially Gaul that enhanced his popularity.
By crossing the Rubicon, Caesar showed that he
was willing to disobey the direct orders of the Senate.
The Twelve Tables was/were
the first formal codification of Roman law and customs.
As a result of the First Punic War
the Carthaginians were forced to withdraw from Sicily and pay an indemnity to Rome.
Rome set a precedent for treating its vanquished foes after forming the Roman Confederation by
offering the most favored “allied” peoples full Roman citizenship, thus giving them a stake in successful Roman expansion.
The Roman senator who led the movement for the complete destruction of Carthage was
Cato.
The result of the Third Punic War was
the complete destruction and subjugation of Carthage.
It can best be said that Roman imperial expansion was
highly opportunistic, responding to unanticipated military threats and possibilities for glory.
In Rome, the male family head, the paterfamilias, could
all the above
Which one of the following innovations enabled Romans to erect giant amphitheaters, public baths, and high-rise tenement buildings?
concrete
Sulla’s legacy and importance was that he
employed his personal army in political disputes, paving the way toward Roman civil war.
The people to the north of Rome who apparently ruled Rome for a century and heavily influenced Roman urban culture were the
Etruscans.
The First Triumvirate was a political alliance between Crassus, Julius Caesar, and
Pompey
By crossing the Rubicon, Caesar showed that he
was willing to disobey the direct orders of the Senate.
As Rome expanded, it became Roman policy to govern the provinces with officials known as
proconsuls and propraetors.
Philip II planned to defeat the Greek cities by
breaking up their hoplite formations with cavalry.
The Hellenistic dynasty that lasted the longest was the
Ptolemaic.
The Hellenistic era describes an age that saw
the extension and imitation of Greek culture throughout the ancient Near East.
The famous Indian ruler who sent Buddhist missionaries to Greek rulers was
Asoka.
The Aetolian and the Achaean leagues were
located in central Greece and the Peloponnesus.
In his Philippics, Demosthenes
portrayed Philip II as a looming threat to Greek freedom.
Which class of women achieved the most notable gains during the Hellenistic period?
upper class
Who wrote the treatise, “On Chastity”?
Phintys.
The Greek god of healing, thought responsible for miraculous cures in the Hellenistic period, was
Asclepius.
An especially important cultural center with the largest library in ancient times was
Alexandria.
Isocrates
hoped that Philip would unite the Greek world in a campaign against Persia.
Hellenistic sculpture
was more emotional and realistic than classical Greek sculpture.
What was the primary difference between the philosophy of the Greek classical period and philosophy during the Hellenistic period?
Hellenistic philosophy dealt more with human happiness disassociated from the life of the polis.
In the Hellenistic era, medicine
progressed due to the use of dissection and vivisection.
All of the following were conquered by Alexander except
Arabia.
Alexander’s military success against the Persians was in part attributable to
the role of Alexander’s cavalry as a strike force.
Which of the following was Alexander’s last battle against the Persian king Darius?
Guagamela.
At the Battle of Gaugamela,
the Greeks under Alexander were able to break the center of the Persian line and with boldness turn the battle into a rout.
Alexander the Great’s conquests in Asia occurred despite
his eventual difficulties in convincing his troops to fight so far from home.
The basic unit of early Mesopotamian civilization was the
city-state.
The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches that
human life is difficult and immortality is only for the gods.
Punishments for crimes under the Code of Hammurabi
were more severe for the lower classes.
The focal points and sources of life for the ancient Egyptians were the
Nile River and the pharaohs.
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
The economy of ancient Egypt relied most heavily on
agriculture
Originally the Osiris cult was reserved for
the wealthy who could afford preservation of the body.
The words of the Hebrew prophets
all of the above
The Phoenicians’ contributions to the ancient Near East included all but
their defeat and destruction of the Hebrew’s twelve tribes.
The Assyrians are important in history for their innovations in
empire building.
Scholars agree that between ____ and ____ B.C., the Israelites emerged as a distinct group of peoples who established a united kingdom known as Israel.
1200 and 1000
Assyrian society was well known for its
assimilation of other cultures and development of a polyglot society.
Assyrian art was primarily concerned with
glorifying the king, hunting, and war.
The central, sacred text of Zoroastrianism is the
Zend Avesta.
The most tolerant and efficient of the Near Eastern empires was the
Persian.
Which one of the following is not considered part of the Judeo-Christian heritage in West Civilization?
revenge
Hominids split off from the great apes around six million years ago in
Africa
Amenhotep IV is best known for
the temporary installation of the god of the sun disk in Egyptian culture.
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
In general, during the imperialistic New Kingdom, Egyptian government changed by
a gradual lessening in the power of pharaohs over their neighbors.
The term Ma’at expresses the Egyptian belief in
truth, justice, and order in the universe.
The economy of ancient Egypt relied most heavily on
agriculture.
Growing appreciation of astronomy among European peoples after 4000 B.C. is best seen in
megalithic observatories.
The most famous of the megalithic constructions of Europe is
Stonehenge
The ancient city of Catal Huyuk was
a Neolithic walled community sustained by food surpluses.
Scholars agree that between ____ and ____ B.C., the Israelites emerged as a distinct group of peoples who established a united kingdom known as Israel.
1200 and 1000
The Ishtar Gate sat outside the city of
Babylon
The most tolerant and efficient of the Near Eastern empires was the
Persian.
Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
The Hebrew religion
was an ethical religion centered around the law of God.
Sumerian kings derived their authority from
the gods.
Punishments for crimes under the Code of Hammurabi
were more severe for the lower classes.
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
In general, during the imperialistic New Kingdom, Egyptian government changed by
a gradual lessening in the power of pharaohs over their neighbors.
The cave in southern France, discovered in 1994 and that contains three hundred paintings of animals, is known as the ____ cave.
Chauvet
One of the few female pharaohs was
Hatshepsut
The most famous of the megalithic constructions of Europe is
Stonehenge.
The ancient city of Catal Huyuk was
a Neolithic walled community sustained by food surpluses.
The words of the Hebrew prophets
all of the above
Assyrian society was well known for its
assimilation of other cultures and development of a polyglot society.
The relationship between the Assyrian king and his officials was based on
loyalty.
The Ishtar Gate sat outside the city of
Babylon.
The Persian Empire reached its largest territorial boundaries under
Darius.
Which of the following statements about the Persian army is true?
By the time of Darius, the army had become professionalized.
Sumerian kings derived their authority from
the gods.
Punishments for crimes under the Code of Hammurabi
were more severe for the lower classes.
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
In general, during the imperialistic New Kingdom, Egyptian government changed by
a gradual lessening in the power of pharaohs over their neighbors.
The cave in southern France, discovered in 1994 and that contains three hundred paintings of animals, is known as the ____ cave.
Chauvet
One of the few female pharaohs was
Hatshepsut.
The most famous of the megalithic constructions of Europe is
Stonehenge.
The ancient city of Catal Huyuk was
a Neolithic walled community sustained by food surpluses.
The words of the Hebrew prophets
all of the above
Assyrian society was well known for its
assimilation of other cultures and development of a polyglot society.
The relationship between the Assyrian king and his officials was based on
loyalty.
The Ishtar Gate sat outside the city of
Babylon.
The Persian Empire reached its largest territorial boundaries under
Darius.
Which of the following statements about the Persian army is true?
By the time of Darius, the army had become professionalized.
The focal points and sources of life for the ancient Egyptians were the
Nile River and the pharaohs.
Amenhotep IV is best known for
the temporary installation of the god of the sun disk in Egyptian culture.
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
The economy of ancient Egypt relied most heavily on
agriculture
The cave in southern France, discovered in 1994 and that contains three hundred paintings of animals, is known as the ____ cave.
Chauvet
In the thirteenth century the Egyptians were driven out of Palestine and back to their original frontiers by the
“Sea Peoples”
The Hittites were
a and d
The Assyrians are important in history for their innovations in
empire building.
The principal economic basis of Assyrian society was
agriculture based on farming villages.
The Ishtar Gate sat outside the city of
Babylon.
The founder of the Persian Empire, who defeated Babylon and freed the Jews from captivity in 539 B.C., was
Cyrus the Great.
The Persian Royal Road stretched from Sardis to the capital at
Susa
The Persian King Cyrus the Great was succeeded by his son
Cambyses II.
Which of the following statements concerning Zoroastrianism is false?
It did not include a final judgment or a last judgment among its beliefs.
Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
The Hebrew religion
was an ethical religion centered around the law of God.
Hominids split off from the great apes around six million years ago in
Africa
Mesopotamian religion was
one in which no one god reigned supreme and deities were closely related to cities.
Punishments for crimes under the Code of Hammurabi
were more severe for the lower classes.
The focal points and sources of life for the ancient Egyptians were the
Nile River and the pharaohs.
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
Originally the Osiris cult was reserved for
the wealthy who could afford preservation of the body.
The ancient city of Catal Huyuk was
a Neolithic walled community sustained by food surpluses.
Many scholars today
doubt that the early books of the Hebrew Bible reflects the true history of the Israelites.
The founder of the Persian Empire, who defeated Babylon and freed the Jews from captivity in 539 B.C., was
Cyrus the Great.
The elite infantry of the Persian army were known as the?
Immortals
The most tolerant and efficient of the Near Eastern empires was the
Persian.
Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
Mesopotamia is located in the valley of the
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches that
human life is difficult and immortality is only for the gods.
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
According to Egyptian theology, the pharaoh derived his authority from
the fact that he was perceived as a divine instrument of order and harmony.
For administrative purposes in the Old Kingdom, Egypt was
divided into provinces called nomes and governed by nomarchs.
The Hyksos
were a Semitic-speaking people who infiltrated Egypt in the seventeenth century B.C.
The Egyptian Pyramids were
conceived and built as tombs for a city of the dead.
Akhenaten is best known for his unsuccessful attempt to reform Egypt’s
religion.
In ancient civilizations, bronze would replace copper because
bronze was harder and more durable.
The term “civilization” refers to human societies which, amongst other features,
have an urban focus and a distinct religious structure.
Many scholars today
doubt that the early books of the Hebrew Bible reflects the true history of the Israelites.
Which of the following was not part of the Hebrew religious tradition?
the revelation
The Persian Empire’s system of satrapies allowed for
a sensible system of collecting tribute based on an area’s productive capacity.
Zoroastrianism was
monotheist (one god).
The sun god, who became a helper of Ahuramazda and later, in Roman times, the source of another religion, was
Mithra.
Which one of the following is not considered part of the Judeo-Christian heritage in West Civilization?
revenge.
Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
Mesopotamia is located in the valley of the
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches that
human life is difficult and immortality is only for the gods.
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
According to Egyptian theology, the pharaoh derived his authority from
the fact that he was perceived as a divine instrument of order and harmony.
For administrative purposes in the Old Kingdom, Egypt was
divided into provinces called nomes and governed by nomarchs.
The Hyksos
were a Semitic-speaking people who infiltrated Egypt in the seventeenth century B.C.
The Egyptian Pyramids were
conceived and built as tombs for a city of the dead.
Akhenaten is best known for his unsuccessful attempt to reform Egypt’s
religion
In ancient civilizations, bronze would replace copper because
bronze was harder and more durable.
The term “civilization” refers to human societies which, amongst other features,
have an urban focus and a distinct religious structure.
Many scholars today
doubt that the early books of the Hebrew Bible reflects the true history of the Israelites.
Which of the following was not part of the Hebrew religious tradition?
the revelation
The Persian Empire’s system of satrapies allowed for
a sensible system of collecting tribute based on an area’s productive capacity.
Zoroastrianism was
monotheist (one god).
The sun god, who became a helper of Ahuramazda and later, in Roman times, the source of another religion, was
Mithra.
Which one of the following is not considered part of the Judeo-Christian heritage in West Civilization?
revenge.
Solomon’s most revered contribution to the Hebrew society was to
construct the Temple, the symbolic center of the Hebrew religion and society.
The development of the polis had a negative impact on Greek society by
dividing Greece into fiercely competitive states.
The Greek polis put primary emphasis on
cooperation between its citizens for the common welfare.
The Spartans made the army the center of their society because
they feared an uprising by their helots.
The Lycurgan reforms resulted in
the establishment of a permanent military state in Sparta.
The immediate cause of the Persian Wars was
a revolt of the Ionian Greek colonies in Asia Minor.
The English archaeologist ____ uncovered the Bronze Age Minoan civilization on Crete.
Sir Arthur Evans.
During the Age of Pericles
Athenians became deeply attached to their democratic system.
“The unexamined life is not worth living” is a cornerstone of the philosophy of
Socrates.
The civilization of Minoan Crete
a and c
The Peloponnesian War resulted in
the defeat of Athens and the collapse of its empire.
The Sophists
were professional teachers who seemingly questioned the traditional values of their societies.
A popular Minoan sport was
bull jumping.
In classical Athens, male homosexuality
was practiced and tolerated in part as a means by which mature men instructed young males about the masculine world of politics and patronage.
Mycenaean kings used the title
wanax
What were the chief characteristics of the Greek Dark Age?
It was a period of migrations and declining food production.