Western Civilization Ch.3
Greeks made contact with the _____ in the ninth century B.C.E.
The Greeks referred to some people with whom they came into contact as barbarians because they:
did not speak Greek.
excessive pride, which was punished by the gods.
Homer’s poetry describes a world in which:
warrior aristocrats competed for status and power and reinforced social ties through hospitality and gift-giving.
The social center and organizational hub of the Greek polis was:
By the sixth century B.C.E., Greeks founded numerous colonies around the Mediterranean basin, the most significant of which were located where?
Anatolia and Italy.
After Hoplites were introduced in Greece:
aristocrats lost their monopoly on military prowess.
Hoplites were organized into formations called a:
What made Greek battle formations and strategy formidable?
the training and skill of the hoplites to stay together.
In the symposium, Archaic Age Greek aristocrats:
enjoyed wine and listened to poetry.
A Greek aristocrat who seized power and ruled outside the traditional constitutional framework was called:
The origins of Greek democracy can be identified, in part, in the rule of the Athenian aristocrat:
Cleisthenes is important in the history of Athenian government because he:
championed the cause of the demos and took steps to limit the power of aristocrats.
The most militarized of all the poleis in Greece was:
Spartiates rejected innovation and change and were:
forbidden to engage in trade or commerce.
Ionians transmitted the Lydian invention of _________ to the Greek world.
Because of their successful colonial and trading activities, the Miletus:
became extraordinarily wealthy.
Milesian philosophers, known as the pre-Socratics:
looked to physical explanations of the workings of the universe.
The decisive Greek military victory over the Persians at Salamis was won by:
the Athenian fleet.
The Sophist claim that “Man is the measure of all things” means:
goodness, truth, and justice are not absolutes, but vary according to the needs and interests of human beings.
Socrates urged his followers to :
understand the principles of proper conduct and one’s actions.
Greek sculpture evolved from the rather stiff likenesses resembling Egyptian statuary to a style labeled as:
One major result of the Persian wars was:
the vindication of hoplites in battle and a boost to Athenian and Greek confidence.
A result of the defeat of the Athenian expedition to attack Syracuse was:
the Athenian assembly replaced its democracy with oligarchy.