Western Civilization ch1&2

One of the new approaches to the study of how humans lived before the development of cities and writing is:
evolutionary biology.
To the peoples of the ancient world, the characteristic manifestations of civilization—government, literature, science, and art—were necessarily products of:
city life.
Cave paintings, such as those found in Lascaux, France, are evidence of:
development of language as well as religious and artistic ideas.
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The switch from subsistence by food gathering to food production:
was a momentous revolution that made stable settlements possible.
One of the contributors to the Neolithic revolution was:
climate change.
One of the notable characteristics of civilization was the development of:
occupational specialization.
The earliest cities in Mesopotamia were founded by the:
Ubaid peoples.
One of the significant technological achievements of the Sumerians was:
the invention of the potter’s wheel.
Although early writing was produced using pointed sticks, Sumerian scribes c. 3100 B.C.E. advanced writing with durable reeds that:
produced wedgelike script called cuneiform.
An individual who successfully led the city-state’s army in battles was:
able to acquire prestige and power as a lugal (“big man”).
Sargon of Akkad (c. 2350 B.C.E.) is significant because he:
subdued Sumer and exerted influence from Ethiopia to the Indus Valley.
Jericho, one of the world’s oldest villages, began an impressive building program of structures to protect their grain surplus around:
6800 B.C.E.
The Law Code of Hammurabi:
had most of its laws aimed at free commoners.
Hammurabi might have been the first ruler in history to:
have most of his laws aimed at free commoner.
By becoming a “lawgiver” Hammurabi:
set a new standard of kingship.
The Epic of Gilgamesh, the dramatic confrontation between Gilgamesh and Enkidu and its aftermath, illustrates:
that the forces of nature cannot be overcome by civilization and death is inevitable.
The civilization that emerged in ancient Egypt arose:
at the same time as that of ancient Sumer.
Historians typically divide ancient Egyptian history into _________ to facilitate the discussion of Egyptian politics and culture.
kingdoms and periods.
The Egyptian system of hieroglyphics was:
deciphered by Champollion using the Rosetta Stone.
The Egyptians made notable advances in:
measuring time.
The Egyptians developed elaborate tombs and burial techniques:
to provide the dead with all they would need in the afterlife.
The Akkadian rulers of Sargon and Naram-Sin:
ruled from cities and kept their empires through conquest and commerce.
Ur-Nammu built the great ziggurat at:
Ur.
The Egyptian book, _________, is an example of “wisdom literature” offering advice to those in public life.
The Instruction of Ptah-Hotep.
Which comparison between Egypt and Mesopotamian civilizations is false?
Both enjoyed significant political and cultural interactions.
A mysterious wave of invasions entered the Mediterranean world and destroyed almost all of the preexisting civilizations:
in the second millennium B.C.E.
“Indo-European,” as used in historical or anthropological texts, refers to:
linguistic and cultural patterns found widely distributed from Ireland to India.
The culture of the Hittites was:
strongly militaristic, prone to attacks on other peoples.
The Mitannians introduced lighter chariots to carry archers, but:
their opponents soon copied them and used protective armor.
The New Kingdom, particularly the Eighteenth Dynasty, was marked by:
the rise of a wealthy aristocracy.
The Eighteenth Dynasty in Egypt produced many strong pharaohs, among them:
Hatshepsut.
The division of property and wealth in New Kingdom Egypt:
favored the pharaoh, the officer class, and the temples of the gods.
Akhenaten represents one of the earliest moves, in Western history, toward:
monotheism in religious practices.
The Late Bronze Age:
was an age of superpowers.
By the fourteenth century B.C.E., international relations were marked by:
diplomatic standards, polite forms of address, gifts, and alliances.
The system of writing developed by the citizens of Ugarit:
used an alphabet of about thirty symbols for the consonants.
The Minoans:
wrote tablets in Linear A to record their economic transactions.
By 1500 B.C.E.:
huge Mycenaean citadels were scattered across some of Greece.
In the 1100s B.C.E. a wave of destruction swept across the Near East and the Mediterranean world as a result of the invasions of the:
Sea Peoples.
In Phoenicia’s overseas colonies:
power was wielded by a small number of elite families.
The Phoenicians’s greatest contribution to civilization was:
their alphabet.
Philistine power was based in:
the Pentapolis.
In the Book of Judges, the Hebrew people:
begin to settle and organize themselves into twelve tribes.
The division of the ancient kingdom of Israel was:
provoked by Solomon’s oppressive regime.
The accomplishments of King Darius of Persia included:
building roads for transport and postal service.
One belief that other Western religions took from Zoroastrianism is the idea:
of a Last Day or a Day of Judgment.
The Hebrew cult of Yahweh:
was significantly advanced by the Levites.
Two of the foremost Hebrew prophets who emphasized the ethical demands God makes on humans were:
Amos and Hosea.
The Babylonian Captivity of the Hebrews affected Judaism by:
enabling the Hebrews to sustain an identity outside of a Hebrew kingdom.

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