WHS AP US History Ch 26

WHS AP US History Ch 26

In World War II, the main american strategy to fight Japan was to
A. mount two offensive campaigns to attack the Japaneses from two directions
B. concentrate U.S. forces into one large offensive moving west from the Marshall Islands
C. quickly recapture the midway islands form the Japanese
D. establish a strong defensive position in the Solomon Islands to lure in the Japanese
E. encourage the Japanese navy to overextend itself past the Gilbert Islands, then attack from behind
A. mount two offensive campaigns to attack the Japaneses from two directions
The Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942
A. saw the Americans take the offensive for the first time
B. was the United States forced to withdraw its naval forces
C. marked the major turning point of the war in the Pacific
D. saw the Japanese lose most of its aircraft carriers
E. marked the first important victory by the United States
E. marked the first important victory by the United States
After 1943, the United States advanced on Japan primarily with the aid of forces from
A. England and France
B. the Soviet Union and China
C. the Dutch and the Soviet Union
D. England and the Soviet Union
E. Australia and New Zealand
E. Australia and New Zealand
In 1943, the country that pressed for an immediate Allied invasion of France against Germany was
A. the Soviet Union
B. China
C. Great Britain
D. the United States
E. Canada
A. the Soviet Union
in 1942, the North African campaign against the Nazis saw
A. the Americans advance under the command of Omar Bradley
B. the Americans successfully regroup from a defeat at Kasserine Pass
C. the Germans suffer a major defeat at Stalingrad
D. the Americans push Germans out of Egypt
E. the British lose a key early battle at El Alamein
B. the Americans successfully regroup from a defeat at Kasserine Pass
During World War II, the first Axis country to be defeated was
A. Germany
B. Spain
C. Austria
D. Japan
E. Italy
E. Italy
The United States government aquired definite knowledge of the Holocaust
A. prior to World War II beginning in Europe
B. before the U.S. had entered the war
C. during the first years after U.S. involvement
D. not until the last year of the war
E. not until after the war was over
C. during the first years after U.S. involvement
In regards to European Jewish refugees, between 1939 and 1945, the United States
A. refused to accept large numbers of refugees
B. won an agreement by England to accept several thousand refugees
C. made many efforts to help refugees escape the Nazis but not to enter the U.S.
D. denied the Nazis were targeting Jew for murder
E. rescinded the provisions of the 1924 National Origins Act dealing with Jewish immigrants
A. refused to accept large numbers of refugees
During World War II, the regional impact of government spending was the greatest in the
A. Northeast
B. Midwest
C. South
D. East
E. West
E. West
During World War II, organized labor in the United States
A. lost membership as wages rose across most industries
B. frequently used the threats of strikes to obtain higher wages
C. agreed to freeze union membership and wages until the war was over
D. won automatic union membership for new defense plant workers
E. won a significant victory with the passage of the Smith-Connally act
D. won automatic union membership for new defense plant workers
The Smith-Connally Act of 1943
A. was opposed by president Franklin Roosevelt
B. authorized the president to seize a war factory where workers had gone on strike
C. passed as a result of actions taken by the United Mine Workers
D. both was opposed by president Franklin Roosevelt and passes as a result of actions taken by the United Mine Workers
E. All these Answers are correct
E. All these Answers are correct
in 1943, to simplify tax collection, Congress enacted
A. automatic payroll deduction
B. a short form for paying income taxes
C. a sales tax
D. a flat tax
E. an earned income tax credit
A. automatic payroll deduction
During World War II, the National Defense Research Committee
A. by 1941, had pushed the U.S. into a position of technological superiority over Germany
B. funded less research than its predecessor had during World War I
C. was headed by a scientist who was a pioneer in the development of the computer
D. concentrated its work on developing an atomic bomb
E. received more private funding than government money
C. was headed by a scientist who was a pioneer in the development of the computer
During World War II, Germany held the technological edge over the Allies in
A. centimetric radar
B. rocket-propelled bombs
C. ocean mine detection
D. aircraft bombers
E. intelligence gathering
B. rocket-propelled bombs
During World War II, all of the following were Allied advantages in intelligence-gathering EXCEPT the
A. creation of the Enigma machine for coded communications
B. introduction of punched-hole card technology
C. creation of the first programmable, digital computer
D. breaking of the German codes early in the war
E. breaking of Japanese codes before American entry into the war
A. creation of the Enigma machine for coded communications
During World War II, the United States military
A. used quotas to limit the number of black servicemen in the military
B. excluded blacks from combat duty
C. began to relax its practices of racial segregation
D. allowed blacks into all branches of the military for the first time
E. doubled the number of black servicemen to 200,000
C. began to relax its practices of racial segregation
In 1942, the United States and Mexico agreed to the braceros program which
A. increased the number of Mexican immigrants in the United States would accept as new citizens
B. allowed U.S. businesses to establish war production factories in Mexico
C. admitted Mexican contract laborers into the US for a limited time
D. accepted Mexican citizens into the US armed forces
E. eliminated the tariff on goods produced in Mexico
C. admitted Mexican contract laborers into the US for a limited time
In 1942, when the US interned Japanese Americans in “relocation centers”
A. all of the affected Japanese were American citizens
B. the West Coast of the US was not an important military region
C. all of those affected were 1st-generation Japense immigrants
D. the move was protested by California Attorney General Earl Warren
E. there was no evidence that the Japanese Americans were a domestic security risk
E. there was no evidence that the Japanese Americans were a domestic security risk
During WWII, Chinese Americans
A. were drafted in a higher proportion than any other national group
B. recieved a favorable image in U.S. government propaganda
C. saw the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Acts.
D. both recieved a favorable image in U.S. government propaganda and saw the repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Acts.
E. all of the above
E. all of the above
During WWII, in the US, all of the following social indicators experienced a rise in their rate of occurrence EXCEPT
A. the marriage rate
B. high school enrollment
C. the divorce rate
D. the juvenile crime rate
E. the birth rate
B. high school enrollment
In the 1940s, swing music
A. was a new form of jazz
B. originated in Latin America
C. grew out of a square dance
D. first appeared in the U.S. in Kansas City
E. reinforced racial taboos
A. was a new form of jazz
During WWII, Congress abolished the
A. CCC
B. WPA
C. FDIC
D. CCC and WPA
E. WPA and FDIC
D. CCC and WPA
In the 1944 elections,
A. Republicans gained control of the Senate
B. FDR was to ill to campaign
C. Democrats increased their control of the House
D. Thomas Dewey nearly won the electoral vote
E. Henry Wallace was elected vice president
C. Democrats increased their control of the House
In August 1944, the Allies liberated from German occupation the city of
A. Rome
B. Warsaw
C. Stockholm
D. Paris
E. Amsterdam
D. Paris
The Battle of the Bulge
A. began in the spring of 1945
B. saw the American army drive deep into Germany
C. was the last major battle on the western front
D. both B and C
E. None of the above
C. was the last major battle on the western front
In February 1944, American naval forces won a series of victories in the Marshall Islands under the command of
A. Dwight Eisenhower
B. Douglas MacArthur
C. Omar Bradley
D. Joseph Stilwell
E. Chester Nimitz
E. Chester Nimitz
The costliest battle in the history of the U.S. Marine Corps was
A. the Battle of Iwo Jima
B. the Battle of Leyte Gulf
C. the Battle of Okinawa
D. the Battle of Midway
E. the Battle of Guadalcanal
A. the Battle of Iwo Jima
In 1939, the first steps toward the creation of the atomic bomb were taken by
A. the Soviet Union
B. Great Britain
C. the US
D. Japan
E. Nazi Germany
E. Nazi Germany
In 1945, the first atomic explosion in history took place in
A. Hiroshima, Japan
B. the Bikini Islands
C. Alamogordo, New Mexico
D. the Salt Lake desert in Utah
E. Oak Ridge, Tennessee
C. Alamogordo, New Mexico
In August 1945, the primary reason the US dropped a 2nd atomic bomb on Japan was
A. the Japanese didn’t immediately surrender after the first bomb was dropped
B. the Soviet Union announced it wouldn’t enter into war against Japan
C. the Japanese government announced that the US had only 1 atomic bomb
D. the emperor of Japan asked the US for more time to consider surrendering
E. the emperor of Japan declared that his country would fight to the death
A. the Japanese didn’t immediately surrender after the first bomb was dropped
Casualties in WWII
A. saw 14,000,000 combantants die
B. saw more than 1,000,000 Americans killed or wounded
C. were relatively light in the US compared to those of other countries
D. both were relatively light in the US compared to those of other countries, and saw 14,000,000 combantants die
E. All of the above
E. All of the above