World History Chapter 12 Vocab

World History Chapter 12 Vocab

Tang Dynasty
Emerged in 618–
Tang Taizong
Son of 1st emperor Li Yuan who took control of the Tang dynasty and became to most admirable leader
Tributary State
Self governed states controlled by the Tang Dynasty- Korea, Tibet and Vietnam
Land Reform
Gives less power to rich landowner by taking there land and splitting it up between farmers and peasants so they could eat and pay taxes
Song dynasty
Emerged in 960, had many threats from mongol invaders from the north
Gentry
Upper class- rich land owners
Steppe
Vast treeless plains in southeast asia
Dowry
The payment a women has to bring to marriage in order to marry and may never get re-married
Pagoda
A multi-storey temple with eaves that curve up at the corners
Genghis Khan
Mongol leader who led his army to conquer a vast empire that stretched from the pacific to eastern europe
Kublai Khan
Grandson of Genghis Khan who ruled all of china, Korea and Tibet
Yuan Dynasty
Prosperous Mongol dynasty ruled by Kublai Khan
Marco Polo
Italian explorer who spent many years in china under Kublai`s services and brought back information about chinas riches and postal services to europe
Ming Dynasty
Dynasty re-conquered after the fall of the Yuan Dynasty ruled by Zhu Yuanzhand
Zheng He
Voyages of a chinese admiral and diplomat
Silla Dynasty
Korean dynasty that ruled from 668-935
Koryo dynasty
Korean dynasty that ruled from 935-1392
Celadon
Porcelain with an un-usual blue/green glaze
Choson (Yi) Dynasty
Overthrew after mongol took over Koryo
King Sejong
King of the Yi- Dynasty who founded the written language of Hangul
Hangul
Alphabet that uses symbols to represent the sounds of spoken Korean
Literacy Rate
Percentage of people who can read and write
Archipelago
Chain of Islands
Tsunami
A very large, damaging wave caused by an earthquake or very strong wind
Shinto
Principal religion in Japan that emphasizes the worship of nature
Selective Borrowing
Adapting to some cultural traits and disregarding others
Kana
The japanese writing system, phonetic symbols representing syllables
Samurai
Member of the warrior class in the japanese feudal system
Bushido
samurai code of conduct
Zen
The practice of meditation and school of Buddhism in Japan
Matrilineal
Inheritance passed down through the mothers side
Stupa
Large domelike buddhist shrine
Paddy
Rice field
What are the three tributary states?
Vietnam, Korea and Tibet
What are the two main classes of the Tang Dynasty?
Gentry and Peasentry
What are the 4 islands of Japan?
Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu
What were the two other names for Tokyo?
Nara and Edo
What were the 3 Chinese dynasties?
Tang, Song and Yuan
What modern day country has the largest islamic population?
Indonesia
What is the largest sword of the samurai?
Katana
What is the smallest sword of the samurai?
Wakizashi
What are the two samurai swords called when together?
Daisho
Japanese word for clan
Uji
Japanese word for suicide
Seppuku
Japanese word for stomach cutting
Harri Kari
What is the japanese style of theater with music and exaggerated movement?
Kabuki
What is the family of Japan that started the only dynasty?
Yamato
What were the three dynasties of Korea?
Silla, Koryo and Choson (Yi)
What is the japanese system of writing?
Kana
What does genghis khan mean?
Universal ruler
What chinese dynasty was chinese rule restored back to?
Ming dynasty
What color are ming vases?
blue and white
What are the three types of buddhism?
Zen, Theravada and Mahayanna
Who was Korea’s best ruler?
King Senjong
Who was the chief god of Shinto?
Kami
Who created the Yuan dynasty?
Kublai Khan
What were the three types of theater?
Kabuki, Noh and Banraku
What does bushido mean?
“the way of the warrior”
Who wrote the 1st book? and what was the name of the book?
Lady Murasaki, the tale of genji
How did the Japanese feudal system work?
Emperor > Shogun >Daimyo > Samurai> Artisans &Peasants > mercahnts