World History Chapter 14 Section 1

World History Chapter 14 Section 1

Crusades
A series of religious wars launched by European Christians.
Holy Land
Jerusalem
Jerusalem
The place where Jesus was crucified and buried.
First Crusade
A Crusade called by Pope Urban II which captured Jerusalem.
Crusades Goal
Each Crusade had the same goal-claiming or protecting the Holy Land.
First Crusade (First Group)
Made up of peasants who answered the pope’s call, the peasants are unskilled in war.
First Crusade (Second Group)
Made up of trained knights, but just like the peasants they weren’t prepared for the hardship that their journey brought them.
Raymond d’ Aguilers
It was necessary to pick one’s way over the bodies of men and horses.
2 Crusaders
King Louis VII and Eleanor of Aquitaine(the kings wife.)
Second Crusade
Failed, the Crusaders took no lands at all from the Muslims and were forced back to Europe
Saladin
New Muslim leader that arose during the Third Crusade.
Sultan
Saladin over threw the Fatimids and became the ruler.
King Richard the Lion-Hearted
The only king of England that fought in the Holy land.
Effects of the Crusades
Changed Europe and the Holy Land economically, politically, and socially.
Five other Crusades
None of the last five Crusades were successful, the Muslims once again drove the Christians completely out of the Holy Land.