World History Chapter 15 Section 3
French claims in Canada quietly grew while French rulers were distracted by wars at home in Europe
English Protestants who rejected the Church of England
an agreement among the people
French and Indian War
In North America, war between Britain and France erupted in 1754. It raged until 1763, turning into a worldwide struggle (Seven Years’ War) spreading into Europe, India, Africa.
Treaty of Paris
1763 treaty officially ending the worldwide (Seven Years) war and ensured British dominance in North America
Why did French settlers abandon farming in favor of fur trapping and trading?
They found farming difficult in the cold climate and much less profitable than trapping and trading
For what reasons were the English colonies established?
as commercial ventures for profit, or as havens from persecution
Why was the French and Indian War fought?
It was fought to determine which country-France or Britain-would have dominance over North America
How did European struggles for power shape the North American continent?
The five nations struggling for power in North America each left their mark on the region in terms of culture and government, but eventually Britain gained dominance
Why did New France grow slowly compared with Spanish and English colonies?
The wealth of the Spanish colonies and the diverse opportunities of the English colonies attracted settlers more easily than did the cold climate of New France
Why did the English colonies have a large degree of self-government?
England had a tradition of representative assemblies, and therefore, English colonists brought this tradition with them
How did Britain come to dominate North America?
It established successful colonies and then fought a war to secure them
Why did Native American groups side with European powers rather than join together to oppose them?
They hoped to weaken the European nations by playing them against one another; they were too widespread and diverse to effectively unite