World History Chapter 15 Vocabulary

World History Chapter 15 Vocabulary

Albert Einstein
Scientist who developed the theory of relativity
Theory of Relativity
Idea that as moving objects approach the speed of light, space and time become relative
Sigmund Freud
Physician who exposed the workings of the unconscious mind
Existentialism
Philosophy that says each person must make meaning in a world that has no universal meaning
Friedrich Nietzsche
German philosopher who dismissed reason, democracy, and progress as empty ideas
Surrealism
Art movement in which a dreamlike world, outside of reality, is portrayed or evoked
Jazz
Lively, loose form of popular music developed in the United States
Charles Lindbergh
First person to fly alone across the Atlantic
Coalition government
Temporary alliance of several political parties
Weimar Republic
Government of Germany after World War I
Great Depression
Severe economic downturn that followed the collapse of the U.S. Stock market in 1929
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the United States during the Great Depression
New Deal
Roosevelt’s program for creating jobs and improving the American economy
Fascism
Political movement based on nationalism that gives power o a dictator and takes away individual rights
Benito Mussolini
Fascist leader of Italy
Adolf Hitler
Fascist leader of Germany
Nazism
German brand of fascism
Mein Kampf
Book by Adolf Hitler outlining his beliefs and goals for Germany
Lebensraum
Living space
Appeasement
Giving in to keep the peace
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Francisco Franco
Spain’s Fascist dictator
isolationism
Belief that political ties with other countries should be avoided
Third Reich
German empire
Munich Conference
Meeting of world powers in 1938 that allowed Hitler to take part of Czechoslovakia