World History Chapter 16 Study Guide

World History Chapter 16 Study Guide

The Three G’s
Gold, God, Glory
conquistardor
spanish conquerer
immunity of natives
not immune to Spanish diseses (small pox/influenza)
Malinche
native woman who translates for Cortez and guides him; thought of as a trader to natives
Moctezuma
Aztec emperor defeated and killed by the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes.
Pizarro
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru
Atahualpa
Inca people’s ruler
Brazil’s Uniqueness
they are ruled by Portugal
First Europeans on African coast
Portuguese
Spanish+Native=
Mestizo
Creole
Spanish people born america
Encomienda
forced work or labor to natives
Mestizo
Spanish+Native
Plantation
huge farm; large estate
Peninsulares
pure spanish people; spanish people born in Spain
Viceroy
people in charge of new spain (usually Peninsulares)
de las Casas
spanish priest who outlaws encomienda; a lot of our accurate history comes from his writing; starts the idea of african slavery, but it does not end up the way he imagined it
West African Kingdom Influence
Muslim/Islam
Shaka
leader of the Zulu tribe; defeats many other tribes; fight with Boers in South Africa
dan Fodio
religious ruler in africa; wants to end slavery and bring back pure religion
West African trade
slaves, ivory, gold
Slaves in America
working on plantations
middle passage
trip across Atlantic Ocean from Africa to the Americas (usually slave ships)
Triangular Trade
slaves to america; sugar to europe; manufactured goods and rum to africa
Boer
dutch tribe in south africa that fights Zulu’s and wins due to advanced weaponry
Capitalism
investment of money in products
Native products from New Word vs. Old World
vegetables to old; horses, meat, bread to new
change in Middle Class
rich, sometimes richer then kings; still couldn’t vote because they had no land
change in Peasents and Nobles
no change
Supply and Demand
high supply+low demand= lower prices
low supply+high demand= higher prices (inflation)
Putting-out system
manufacture goods in contrysides and not citys; manufacture behind guilds backs because of their strict rules
Tariff
taxes
Entrepreneur
enterprising merchants
columbian exchange
exchange of goods, ideas, technology, and disease; started because of Columbous
mercantalism
1) Money based on silver and gold
2) export more then you import
Causes of European Inflation
1) too much money in circulation
2) high demand+low supply=high prices
3) population boom