World History Chapter 17, Section 1

World History Chapter 17, Section 1

Renaissance
The period from 1300 to 1600 in which Greek and Roman art and literature were revived in Italy
The Bubonic Plague
The disease that killed roughly 60 percent of the European population in the 1300s
Medici
The powerful banking family who ruled Florence during the Renaissance and were patrons of the arts
Humanism
The intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements
Secular
Another word for worldly
Patron
A person who pays a groups of people, such as Church leaders, who financially supported artists during the Renaissance
Baldassare Castiglione
The author of “The Courtier”
Isabella d’Este
The politician born into the ruling family of Ferrara who married the ruler of Mantua
Perspective
The painting technique that shows three dimensions on a flat surface
Michelangelo
The sculptor, poet, architect and painter who used a realistic style
Donatello
The sculptor who created a statue of David in the late 1460s
Leonardo da Vinci
The painter, sculptor, inventor and scientist who painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper
Vernacular
One’s native language
Francesco Petrarch
One of the earliest humanists, sometimes called the father of Renaissance humanism
Boccaccio
The Italian writer who wrote the Decameron, a series of realistic stories
The Prince
The political guidebook by Niccolo Machiavelli that examines the imperfect conduct of human beings
Renaissance Man
A nickname for Leonardo da Vinci, meaning a person who excels at many things