World History Chapter 20 Test Review

World History Chapter 20 Test Review

balance of trade
-one way nation to increase wealth: gather gold, silver
-favorable balance of trade when nation sells more goods than it buys
-colonies provide raw materials that home country uses to make goods
Economic Revolution Changes European Society
-economic changes spur growth of towns, rise of merchant class
-still, most people are poor and live in rural areas
dissent
people were mad at leaders so they killed them at times
fire
in 1608 fire destroyed all buildings and supplies, left people in the elements
attacks by natives
go out alone might be attacked, wouldn’t attack because of weapons
desertion
people were mad and left and at times joined the natives
English indentured servants
-1000’s of poor became servants in Virginia (95% of the population)
-almost all died due to diseases, starvation, and natives attacks
-900 were sent to Jamestown, only 60 survived for 3 years later
-3/4 of servants died within one year of moving to Jamestown from 1607-1624
-Gentlemen settlers died also, plan was to stay for 2 to 3 years and go home rich
English arrived in North America
-1st success:
-King James allows investors to start American colony
-1607 colonists founded Jamestown Virginia
Jamestown
very difficult start; many die, but settlement takes hold
Puritans create New England
-in 1620 Pilgrims found a second English Colony in Massachusetts
-in 1630 puritans also wanted a religious freedom and establish a larger colony at Massachusetts Bay
-Wanted to build a model community; woman and growing families helped success
Dutch
-Henry Hudson, sailing for the Dutch found 3 waterways in the North east part of America
-Hudson river, Hudson Bay and Hudson strait
-Claimed region, established fur trade
-trade with iroquis tribe
-formed dutch west india company
-1621 government gave permission to colonize, known as New Netherland
Colonizing the Caribbean
-English didn’t like the Dutch being in New Netherland
-King Charles II gave his brothers (Duke of York) permission to drive them out.
-Dutch gave up without a fight, and it was renamed New York
-1750 1.2 million English were on East Coast (Maine to Georgia)