World History Chapter 21 Section 2 part 2

World History Chapter 21 Section 2 part 2

What was Louis XIV’s slogan?
I am the state
How old was he and what yesr did he come to power?
4 in 1643
Who was the true ruler of France?
Cardinal Marzarin
What was Marzarin’s greatest triumph?
Ending the 30 year war
How did people feel about Marzarin?
They hated and taxed him
What year and how old was Louis XIV when the Marzarin died and he took the throne?
22 in 1661
How did Louis weaken the power of the nobles?
Excludes the nobles, increases power to intendents
What were intendents?
Tax collectors
Who was Louis XIV’s master of finance?
Jean baptist Colbert
What did Colbert believe in?
Mercantilism
Why did Colbert believe the colonies were important?
So they could make there own food
What did Louis do when Colbert died?
Canceled the edict of nanes
Where did Louis build his palace?
Versailles
By having nobles at the palace how did this increase royal authority?
It made the nobles dependent on Louis
Louis nickname is the sun king, where did it come from?
From ballet. It was believed everything revolved around him
Art in the Middle Ages was to glorify what?
God
Art in the Renaissance had been to glorify what?
Human potential
Art in king Louis time was to glorify what?
King Louis
In the second half of the 1600’s what country was the most powerful in Europe?
France
Where did Louis invade?
Spanish Netherlands
What was the league of Augsburg and who belonged to it?
Kings of Sweden; Spain smaller countries Hapsburg to keep France from taking over Europe
What three things were weakening France?
Poor harvest, war, and taxes
What was the war of the Spanish succession?
No heir, fight over throne
What treaty ended it?
Treaty of Utrecht
What were its terms?
Louis’ grandson was allowed to stay king as long as the thrones of France and Spain were not united
Who was the big winner of the war and why?
Great Britain- they took Gibraltar
What was the positive side of Louis XIV’s reign?
-France ranked about in art, literature, and statesmanship
-France was considered the military leader of Europe
What was the negative side of Louis XIV’s reign?
Constant warfare and the construction of the palace of Versailles