World History, Chapter 28, Section 1

What new inventions were created during the 1920’s?
Radio, movies, jazz music, affordable cars
What is jazz?
A form of music that combines African rhythms with Western harmonics
Who were two famous jazz musicians?
Pianists Duke Ellington and trombonist Louis Armstrong
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What is a flapper?
A rebellious young women who rejects traditional values
What were women’s lives like in the 1920’s?
They had much more freedom. They gained the right to vote, new technology made housework easier and women began exploring new careers
What was Prohibition?
A ban on the manufacture and sale of alcohol.
What were the effects of Prohibition?
An explosion in organized crime and speakeasies
What is a speakeasy?
An illegal bar
What is a fundamentalist?
Someone who supports traditional Christian ideas about Jesus and believes the Bible is literally true
How did many post-war writers feel about World War I?
They thought it symbolized the breakdown of Western civilization
What is stream of consciousness?
A literary technique where a writer presents a character’s random thoughts without any logic or order
What was the Harlem Renaissance?
An African-American cultural awakening where black artists and writers expressed pride in their unique culture
Who was Marie Curie?
A Polish scientist who discovered radioactivity
What is the theory of relativity?
A theory developed by Albert Einstein that says that space and time are not absolute but determined by the relative position of the observer
What is atomic fission?
The splitting of the nuclei of atoms in two, which creates a huge burst of energy
Which scientists developed the atomic bomb?
J. Robert Oppenheimer, Enrico Fermi and Edward Teller
What is penicillin and who discovered it?
Penicillin is a type of mold that kills bacteria and is used in antibiotics. It was discovered by Alexander Fleming
Who was Sigmund Freud?
A psychologist who argued that people feel constant tension between repressed drives and social training. He also pioneered the field of psychoanalysis
What is psychoanalysis?
A method of studying how the mind works and treating mental disorders
What is a fauuve?
An artist who uses bold, wild strokes of color and odd distortions
What is cubism?
An art style where three-dimensional are represented as complex angles and planes
What is abstract art?
An art style where items are portrayed only as lines, colors and shapes. Sometimes the subject matter isn’t recognizable
What is Dada?
A movement that rejects all traditional conventions and argues that their is no sense or truth in the world
What is surrealism?
An art movement that attempted to portray the workings of the unconscious mind. It rejected rational thought
What is Bauhaus?
An architectural style that blended science and technology with design

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